Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, 19th April - 16th May 1943

The Uprising was the 1943 act of Jewish resistance that arose within the Warsaw Ghetto in German-occupied Poland during World War II, and which opposed Nazi Germany’s final effort to transport the remaining Ghetto population to Treblinka extermination camp. The most significant portion of the rebellion took place beginning on 19 April, but ended when the poorly supplied resistance was defeated by the German soldiers. This officially finished their operation to liquidate the Ghetto on 16 May. It was the largest single revolt by Jews during World War II. [read more]

Not to be confused with the Warsaw Uprising of 1944.

Images via Nowa Historia.

Been seeing a number of posts minimising the holocaust as just ‘something that happened from the 1930s-40s’, usually in comparison to some other historical injustice and i thought i’d just share what i saw during my recent trip to Germany:

In Berlin, of all the museums we visited, only in the Jewish Museum did my friend and I have to put our bags through X-ray machines and walk through metal detectors. We also went by the New Synagogue and even though it was closed because we arrived late, there were two German policemen permanently on watch at the entrance. Not private security guards- German police officers. The only other place we visited where there were those kinds of security checks was the Bundestag (German parliament). 

It is extremely short-sighted to paint the racism in the Holocaust as just some mad idea cooked up by Hitler in the 30s. Antisemitism and anti-romani racism in Europe long predates the Nazi party, long predates modern constructs of whiteness even. Germany has made efforts to document Nazi crimes and criminalised Holocaust denial, figures like Hitler may be viewed as synonymous with evil today in modern consciousness- but that doesn’t mean the racism at the heart of the Holocaust has ended. There are still neo-Nazis all over Europe. That is why those policemen were outside the synagogue. 

anonymous asked:

So, there's a post going around tumblr about how Holocaust was not about white people and if white people were killed it was 'cause of them being gay or disabled, and it makes me want to punch walls because I'm Russian and have some Polish blood, and my relatives were massacred exactly for their ethnicity which is by worldwide standarts is as white as it gets. (sorry to bardge in like this but sometimes you seem like the only sane person out here and I'm fucking upset)

I saw that yeah :-/ There is a tendency to forget that the Nazis also saw Slavic people as “subhuman” and planned to exterminate them, to empty Eastern Europe and create German “Living Space”, as per Generalplan Ost, I don’t believe the Holocaust should ever be framed as a “who suffered the most during it” race to the bottom, but all the same, it is incredibly important not to erase any group of people who suffered in that hideous genocide. 

I checked it out, and it seems OP saw the messages, apologised and said they would correct it, but I understand it’s always hurtful when erasure occurs, especially when the post has been circulated already.

Sometimes I feel discussing Nazi racism in terms of whiteness is kind of counterproductive though, because people tend to view it with the US idea of whiteness, which is quite colourist. And it muddies the entire thing because Nazi racism was very much based on ethnicity; imo it’s not so much about being “white” but being part of their envisioned “Aryan race”: ergo you could have light skin and blonde hair but if you were Jewish, Rroma or Slavic, that’s not Aryan because your ethnicity counts. Not to mention the Japanese were “honorary Aryans”. It was not just because of the Axis alliance: Hitler’s racial theory also put quite a bit of stock into civilisational superiority, and he’d mentioned how the age of Japanese (and Chinese) civilisation was evidence of racial supremacy. I feel like seeing it in terms of whiteness doesn’t quite capture the full picture?

European racism itself doesn’t really have a coherent idea of whiteness imo; it’s all about lining up with that majority ethnic group conquering everybody else. Light skin is part of that dynamic since many people in Europe are fair-skinned, and that’s obvious when you introduce non-Europeans to the picture. But between similarly light-skinned European ethnic groups, ethnicity + culture matters a lot and operates as a criteria to dehumanise. 

There was certainly an element of whiteness (they thought Africans were inferior), caricatures of Jewish people in Nazi Germany always drew them dark-skinned and looking foreign. But all the same, I guess I feel Nazi racism is understood better if one situates the “Aryan/Nordic” race as being at the nexus of power in Nazi Germany, rather than the idea of “white” which seems more colourist. This better allows for an understanding why the Nazis were also fanatically obsessed with murdering people who by US standards, would be considered “white”. I mean in general, European racism till today is still very ethnicity-based, not just colourist.