native-american-history

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NATIVE AMERICAN MAN REFUSES $1.8M OFFER FOR HOME HE BELIEVES IS ON SACRED GROUND


A Native American man has refused to sell his tiny wooden Miami house to developers for $1.8million because he believes it is on sacred ground.

Ishmael Bermudez, 65, also known as Golden Eagle, has been excavating the backyard of his home for almost 50 years and claims it is a mystical place sacred to the Tequesta tribe.

He says he will not sell his home unless the garden, where he discovered a natural spring, is protected.

The small house, which is decorated with colorful paintings, sits incongruously in the heart of Miami’s bustling city center, surrounded by high rise buildings, heavy traffic and ongoing construction projects.

Read more

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DailyPBO: The President & The Standing Rock Sioux Reservation - June 2014

The crowd to President Obama: “We love you President Obama! You’re our hero!” President Obama: “I love you back!”

Obama became only the fourth sitting president to visit an Indian reservation. Attending with the First Lady, it was a truly inspiring event at the Cannon Ball Pow Wow Grounds in Cannon Ball, North Dakota. The Native American community was bursting with pride over the president’s visit and when he spoke Lakota during his speech, they were completely moved. It was a wonderful day for a community that never (and I mean NEVER) gets the respect they deserve. Bravo, Mr. President. For more reactions, check the Twitter hashtag: #PrezRezVisit

From Delta State University’s Paxton Papers Collection, Series 2. A photograph of a indigenous Filipino man (?) and a male African American soldier that are both enlisted in Company “A” of the 45th Infantry at Camp John Hay.

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Books:

Black Indians: A Hidden Heritage

William Loren Katz

Black Indian Slave Narratives

Patrick Minges

Red Over Black: Black Slavery Among the Cherokee Indians

R. Halliburton, Jr.

IndiVisible: African-Native American Lives in the Americas

Gabrielle Tayac

The Black Seminoles: History of a Freedom-Seeking People

Kenneth W. Porter

Long live the Navajo Code Talkers

Chester Nez, the last of the original 29 Navajo code talkers, died Wednesday morning, June 4th 2014.

Navajo President Ben Shelly ordered flags be flown at half staff in Window Rock, the Navajo reservation capital.

Nez was the last living member of the U.S. Marines who created the first unbreakable code that baffled the Japanese during World War II.
Nez, 93, died of kidney failure, according to family members. He lived in Albuquerque, N.M., with his son Michael Nez.
“He was a very important man in my life and I will always speak his name,” Michael Nez said in a telephone interview. “I’m going to miss him very much.”

Chester Nez grew up in Chi Chil Tah, among the oaks, in Jones Ranch, N.M. When World War II broke out, young Nez was at Tuba City Boarding School. On a spring day in 1942, U.S. Marines came to the boarding school, looking for Navajo boys.

Nez said he signed up because he was eager for an adventure. He wanted to see what was on the other side of the butte, where he had never traveled.
He and the other 28 Navajo Code Talkers developed a code using their language.

“Sadly, we have lost the last surviving member of the original 29,” Shelly said. “His passing closes another chapter in the annals of Navajo history. Chester Nez and the rest of the original 29 now belong to the ages. We salute their valiant service and memory.
"Since time immemorial, the Navajo language, Dine’ bizaad, has been our shield and protector,” Shelly added. “The power of our language was shared with the world during World War II when the original 29 Navajo Code Talkers stepped forward for service.”
New law requires Native American history in every WA public school curriculum

Today, Jay Inslee signed into a law a bill that will require “Washington’s tribal history, culture, and government to be taught in the common schools.”

Part of the passage of the bill, reports the Herald, is to raise awareness about free and inexpensive resources and training available to teachers on the subject, including the curriculum created by OSPI, which is even in line with Common Core. 

The curriculum has been in development for years, and is designed to be easily incorporated into existing curricula. 

“Washington’s high school graduation requirements include a minimum of one-half credit of Course work in Washington State history and government,” according to the language of the bill. “Courses designed to meet this requirement are encouraged to include information on the culture, history, and government of Washington Indian tribes.”

The bill was designed with both non-Native and Native kids in mind, and should be much more accurate than the shitty Native history you got in school.

“We endorse this bill because most Native American children attend public schools and unfortunately tribal cultures and histories that are taught in the public schools are not accurate and provide misinformation to all students not just tribal students,“ according to a summary of the public testimony in favor of the bill. 

The law will go into effect around the beginning of the school year. 

My first encounter with AIM was at a pow-wow held in 1971 … One man, a Chippewa, stood up and made a speech. I had never heard anybody talk like that. He spoke about genocide and sovereignty, about tribal leaders selling out … He had himself wrapped up in an upside-down American flag, telling us that every star in this flag represented a state stolen from the Indians … Some people wept. An old man turned to me and said, “These are the words I always wanted to speak, but had kept shut up within me.”

Mary Crow Dog, Lakota Women

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Maria Tallchief (January 24, 1925) – Maria Tallchief is a member of the Osage Indian tribe and was the first Native American woman in ballet. She danced with the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo in the 40s. She joined the New York City Ballet in 1948 and appeared as a guest performer with the American Ballet Theatre in the late 50s. Her sister ,Marjorie Tallchief, was the first Native American to become primere danseuse etoile in the Paris Opera Ballet.

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Ties That Bind: The Story of an Afro-Cherokee Family in Slavery and Freedom

This beautifully written book tells the haunting saga of a quintessentially American family. It is the story of Shoe Boots, a famed Cherokee warrior and successful farmer, and Doll, an African slave he acquired in the late 1790s. Over the next thirty years, Shoe Boots and Doll lived together as master and slave and also as lifelong partners who, with their children and grandchildren, experienced key events in American history—including slavery, the Creek War, the founding of the Cherokee Nation and subsequent removal of Native Americans along the Trail of Tears, and the Civil War. This is the gripping story of their lives, in slavery and in freedom.

Meticulously crafted from historical and literary sources, Ties That Bind vividly portrays the members of the Shoeboots family. Doll emerges as an especially poignant character, whose life is mostly known through the records of things done to her—her purchase, her marriage, the loss of her children—but also through her moving petition to the federal government for the pension owed to her as Shoe Boots’s widow. A sensitive rendition of the hard realities of black slavery within Native American nations, the book provides the fullest picture we have of the myriad complexities, ironies, and tensions among African Americans, Native Americans, and whites in the first half of the nineteenth century.

The House on Diamond Hill: A Cherokee Plantation Story

At the turn of the nineteenth century, James Vann, a Cherokee chief and entrepreneur, established Diamond Hill in Georgia, the most famous plantation in the southeastern Cherokee Nation. In this first full-length study to reconstruct the history of the plantation, Tiya Miles tells the story of Diamond Hill’s founding, its flourishing, its takeover by white land-lottery winners on the eve of the Cherokee Removal, its decay, and ultimately its renovation in the 1950s.

This moving multiracial history sheds light on the various cultural communities that interacted within the plantation boundaries–from elite Cherokee slaveholders to Cherokee subsistence farmers, from black slaves of various ethnic backgrounds to free blacks from the North and South, from German-speaking Moravian missionaries to white southern skilled laborers. Moreover, the book includes rich portraits of the women of these various communities. Vividly written and extensively researched, this history illuminates gender, class, and cross-racial relationships on the southern frontier

Tiya Miles…

is a professor at the University of Michigan in the Department of American Culture, Department of Afro-American and African Studies, Department of History, Department of Women Studies, and Native American Studies Program. Her research and creative interests include African American and Native American interrelated and comparative histories (especially 19th century); Black, Native, and U.S. women’s histories; and African American and Native American women’s literature…continue reading

Aztec solar disc stone The solar disc was the emblem of the sun, known to the Aztecs as Tonatiuh, whom they imagined as a vigorous youth covered in red body paint and with ochre and yellow face paint. They believed that he was guided in his passage across the sky by Xiuhcoatl, the legendary fiery serpent that was also the deadly weapon that Tonatiuh used against his enemies in the underworld, the stars and the moon…. [This disc] is a simplified version of [the Sunstone]. The sun is represented here by four rays and by four sacred cactus thorns on the outside… In the centre is the calendrical number of the Fifth Sun (“4-Movement”). The date “6-Rabbit” appears in the border. It may refer to the year in which the stone was carved or to that of a historical event.

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“It’s not murder, it’s War. There’s a big difference.”


Some speedpaintings sort of cinematically imagining the opening scene of my historical fanfic, “Irreversible,” which explores young Alfred’s struggles with loyalty after he witnesses Arthur and the colonists brutally raze an Indian village in 1637. It’s my first completed fic, so pls read and review!

A righteous and beneficial a deed as ever took place on the frontier.
— 

Theodore Roosevelt, commenting on the Sand Creek massacre wherein 70 to 162 native people were killed and mutilated, two-thirds women and children.

Another comment of Roosevelt’s concerning the Native American plight was, “I don’t go so far as to think that the only good Indians are dead Indians, but I believe 9 out of 10 are, and I shouldn’t like to inquire too closely into the case of the tenth.”

(source.)

I feel that it should be noted that during the year of the Sand Creek massacre (1864), the president of the United States was none other than Abraham Lincoln.