Episode 86. Seerah - Instituting the Adhan

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Listen to the full Episode 86 by Shaykh Abdul Nasir Jangda.

Missed any episodes? Here is the full list of Seerah Notes

— After the Prophet’s arrival in the city of Yathrib, the city’s name became al Madinat al Munawara (The Illuminated City)

  • Before he migrated to Madinah, the Prophet stayed in Quba for a few days. Then he advanced to Madinah where he conducted Salat al Jum’uah. He also designated & established the location & construction of Masjid al-Nabawi as-Sharif. He stayed in Abu Ayyub al-Ansari’s house for several months, before moving into newly constructed humble apartments once his family arrived from Makkah to Madinah
  • The Prophet also reached out & established ties & bridged relationships with some of the leaders from amongst the Munafiqun (so they wouldn’t have any valid complaints against the Prophet) & from amongst the Jewish tribes of Madinah. The Prophet also established bonds of brotherhood among the Sahaba (between the Muhajiroon & the Ansar
  • The Prophet also helped to alleviate the bad blood & sense of rivalry that existed between the tribes of Khazraj & Aus (the Ansari tribes). The community was really started to move forward

— One of the things that the Prophet really focused on while building & solidifying a Muslim community in Madinah was the establishment of the 5 daily prayers

  • When newcomers would first arrive in Madinah, they would be afflicted by a certain illness that would leave them really sick & bedridden. The Prophet made dua & this illness no longer affected any visitors to Madinah
  • Back when the message of Prophethood first started, one of the first things that Jibril (as) showed the Prophet was how to perform the salah
    • This was not yet the 5 daily salah that we know; that wasn’t established until a decade later, when the Prophet went on the journey of Al-Isra Wal-Mi’raj
    • The initial salah was a basic 2 rakaat salah
  • Some scholars say that this 2-rakaat salah was mandatory in the morning & evening (Fajr & Asr times) while other scholars said that it was optional

— Jibril taught the Prophet how to make wudu & perform salah

  • After Khadijah accepted Islam, the Prophet taught her how to make wudu & perform salah, & husband & wife would pray together. Then after Ali accepted Islam, the Prophet taught his cousin how to perform prayer, & all 3 would pray together
  • Salah was one of the first practices that the Prophet would establish in a new convert
    • As soon as someone would accept Islam, the Prophet would teach that person wudu & salah to solidify & strengthen the iman

— One of Shaykh Abdul’s teachers used to say, “Salah is the shahadatain, which is the statement of our faith & belief. Salah is ‘la ilaha illallah wa Muhammadan rasulullah” in physical form. Salah is the shahadatain manifest.”

  • We pray to Allah, obey Allah, implement the command of Allah, fulfill the obligation ordained upon us by Allah in the way that the Prophet did
    • We do what Allah said in the way the Prophet did
  • All forms of ibadah in Islam are unique in their own way, but in particular, salah is such a structured & ritualistic form of ibadah & worship that it completely is implemented according to how the Prophet performed the salah
    • Salah was always the first focus of the Prophet after giving someone the Shahadah, because salah established their iman & it would help them realize their Islam
  • Salah is the primary form of worship where you can observe all forms of Islam, iman, & ihsan. Salah is very central & integral to the Islamic faith & practice

— The Prophet realized that salah is what would truly solidify a community. What he did with each individual believer in Makkah & even collectively in Darul Arqam, he would have to institute the salah communally now, in the city of Madinah, where there was a first proper full Muslim establishment

  • That’s why the Prophet established the location of the Masjid on the very first day of his arrival in Madinah & started construction immediately on his second day
  • The Prophet would pray with his family, because a family that prays together stays together

— The Prophet would also pray Salat al Jama’at (praying with a congregation) because a community that prays together, sticks together

  • If you look at our communities, you’ll see so much diversity, especially when praying in Jama’at
    • Of course, Allah tells us that He created us differently so that we may know one another. We have lots of variety within the community, but despite that, our one unifier is Islam, & we realize that through salah
  • The one thing that unifies us across all means & across all boundaries is salah. When we pray together & the iman says, “Allahu akbar,” we all go into sujood & put our faces down on the ground before Allah
    • You have an 81-year-old standing next to an 18-year-old
    • You have a Hafidh of the Qur’an standing next to someone who doesn’t know Surat al-Fatiha
    • You have a PhD standing next to someone who didn’t finish high school
    • You have a millionaire standing next to someone who doesn’t have food for dinner
  • You have everybody & anyone, young & old, all across the spectrum standing together in salah

— How did the Prophet go about establishing the salah?

  • One of his first focuses was how to gather people together. Initially, he had identified Bilal, a close right hand Sahabi who had a very loud & far-reaching voice, as the announcer of prayer
    • Bilal would go around the city announcing, “Salah is gathering. Salah is starting. Salah is gathering. Salah is starting.”
    • The Prophet would wait a few minutes until people would gather together with him in the Masjid & they would pray together
  • But the Prophet wanted a better & more effective way to let people know that it was time for salah

— The Prophet gathered the Sahaba together for a consultation. He told the Sahaba, “We have a task in front of us. We need to gather people for salah. What do you all think we should do?”

  • The Prophet gathering his Sahaba together to discuss the matter of calling people to pray is from the teaching of the Qur’an
    • “…and consult them in the matter…” [Surat al-Imran; 3:159]
  • One of the wives of the Prophet once said, “I never once saw anyone consulting people in issues, affairs, & matters more than the Prophet.”
  • The Qur’an also describes that a quality of the Sahaba & the believers is that the way that they handle issues is that they consult one another
    • “And those who have responded to their lord and established prayer and whose affair is determined by consultation among themselves, and from what We have provided them, they spend.” [Surat Ash-Shuraa; 42:38]
  • If anyone would have been above & beyond the need for consultation, it would have been the Prophet, because he received divine revelation
    • But Allah instructed the Prophet to consult with his community over matters to set a proper example & a precedent

— At the consultation, several suggestions were made by the Sahaba

  • Some Sahaba said, “We can put up a flag or we can sound a horn.”
    • The Prophet said, “No, this is something the Jews do. We need to be unique. We need to distinguish ourselves in our acts of worship.”
  • This goes to tell us that socially & communally speaking, we might have collaborations & cooperation with other faiths, and there might be certain things we can learn from them & implement from them communally, structurally, organizationally, & administratively
    • However, in worship, we are told to be unique, to create a unique religious identity
  • All different types of identity – political, national, ethnic, religious – they continue to fade away over 3 generations until that identity becomes inconsequential
    • In order to maintain a strong religious identity, there is a necessity of teaching & maintaining a lot of unique spiritual practices, because that helps to maintain & confirm the identity of future generations

— The Prophet asked for more suggestions

  • Someone suggested that they sound a bell to call the people to prayer
    • Again, the Prophet declined the suggestion, saying, “This is what the Christians practice. We need something unique.”
  • Another person said, “We can light a fire. People will see the smoke & they’ll come to prayer.”
    • Again, the Prophet declined this suggestion, saying, “This is what the Majus/Zoroastrians/the fire worshippers practice.”
  • More suggestions were voiced, with all of them not meeting the approval of the Prophet. He finally told everyone to go home & sleep on it

— Before this consultation between the Sahaba took place, Umar bin al-Khattab went into the  marketplace to try to construct a bell or some type of device that could act as an announcement to prayer

  • He had bought just the initial planks of wood that would be used to construct the device. Umar went home
  • The day after this, the Prophet held the consultation with his Sahaba

— There was a Sahabi by the name of Abdullah bin Zayd, who was not of the kibar sahabat

  • For us, he is kabir, meaning he is someone very respected & very great in our eyes, but amongst the community of the Sahaba, Abdullah bin Zayd was not in the ranks of leadership
    • His name doesn’t come up very frequently  as a major player or a primary leader in that community
  • But this is one of the very rare times that Abdullah bin Zayd’s name comes up in the Seerah 
    • The divine wisdom in this as well is that Allah is teaching us through the example of Abdullah bin Zayd that anyone can be a contributor. It didn’t always have to be the Abu Bakrs or the Uthmans or the Umars or the Alis
    • A man whose name doesn’t come up anywhere else in the Seerah was a contributor, a major contributor to something like the adhan, something that is sha’air Islam. It is from the unique signs of Islam, one of the key identifiers & markers of a Muslim community

— Abdullah bin Zayd went home from the consultation & went to sleep. In his dream, a man comes to him, wearing two green garments (one covering the upper body & one covering the lower body). The man walked around Abdullah bin Zayd. In his dream, Abdullah sees himself holding a bell

  • The man addressed Abdullah in his dream, “Ya Abdullahi, are you selling this bell?”
    • Abdullah replied, “What if I am selling this bell? Why would you want to buy it? What would you want to do with it?”
  • The man asked Abdullah bin Zayd, “What were you planning to do with the bell?”
    • Abdullah replied, “We would use it to call salah, to call people to salah.”
  • The man asked, “Should I show you something better than that?”
    • Abdullah asked, “What is that? What would be better?”

— The man replied, “Say, ‘Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar. Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar. Ash-hadu an-la ilaha illa Allah. Ash-hadu an-la ilaha illa Allah. Ash-hadu anna Muhammadan Rasulullah. Ash-hadu anna Muhammadan Rasulullah. Hayya ‘al as-salaat. Hayya ‘al as-salaat. Hayya ‘ala ‘l-falaah. Hayya ‘ala ‘l-falaah. Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar. Laa ilaaha illa-Allah.; ”

  • While this man was reciting the adhan, he stood up on the half-wall that was in Abdullah’s dream. The man put his hands to his ears & called out the adhan loudly, elongating his words (he was showing Abdullah the proper way to call the adhan)
  • After calling the adhan, the man got down from the wall, & told Abdullah, “At-tathweeb.”
    • At-tathweeb means when you want to let people know that now the salah is actually beginning, to notify people that the time of the prayer has arrived, so they should start getting ready & work their way to the masjid for the prayer
  • The man then told Abdullah that to actually start performing the prayer, he should stand at the place of prayer & call the iqama, “Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar. Ash-hadu an-la ilaha illa Allah. Ash-hadu anna Muhammadan Rasulallah…”
    • There are two riwayat as to how exactly we call the iqama – mithrar adhan or bil itar. Both are completely authentically narrated from the Prophet & both are valid practices. The fuqaha have given preference to different ones based on which of the Sahaba that they learned their fiqh from
    • In either case, the man in Abdullah’s dream called the iqama, with the addition of “Qad qaamat as salaah, qad qaamat as salaah.”
  • Then Abdullah bin Zayd woke up

— As soon as Abdullah bin Zayd woke up, he ran to the Prophet. This was before the time of Salat al Fajr

  • Abdullah got to Masjid al Nabawi & waited there for the Prophet to arrive. Abdullah then filled the Prophet in on his dream
    • When the rest of the Sahaba gathered together, the Prophet told Abdullah bin Zayd, “Tell them what you saw,” and Abdullah bin Zayd filled in his fellow Sahaba about his dream

— The Prophet then said, “Okay, Bilal, you stand up. Abdullah, you stand next to him & you feed him the words. Bilal will call the adhan, because his voice is much farther-reaching than yours”

  • The Prophet said this with a lot more eloquence, that Bilal’s voice is powerful not just physically, but also that Bilal calling the adhan will have a greater impact
    • This impact was that it shattered many barriers, to have Bilal calling the adhan & the iqamah. Bilal was an African man in Arabian society. Another barrier was that Bilal used to be a slave (born into slavery). People were classist; they would discriminate against a person who was once a slave, even if s/he is free now
    • This is how Bilal’s voice was farther-reaching, not just in its volume, but in terms of its effect & implication
  • On the day of Fathal Makkah, the Prophet asked Bilal to stand on top of the Baytullah & call the adhan

— During Umar bin al-Khattab’s khilafa, he would have a general assembly meeting, like a community town hall meeting, every once in a while

  • Umar had a specific seating arrangement; specific sections were VIP seats. Umar would have VIP seats right in front of him. Other narrations say that Umar had a seating chart, & he would tell people where to sit
    • People like Bilal & the likes of Bilal (meaning people who had accepted Islam way back when in the early days of Makkah & made sacrifices with their blood, sweat, & tears for the sake of Islam) would be seated in the front
  • A lot of the times, leaders of the Quraysh, who had accepted Islam much later on (e.g. Abu Sufyan), would be sitting in the back (near the entrance, by the shoe area)
    • Some of the Quraysh leaders asked Umar bin al Khattab, “Why do you treat us like this? Don’t you know that we’re leaders of our people, & you have us sitting back toward the shoe area? Why would you do this? What is your wisdom?”
    • Umar said, “I didn’t make you sit of there. I just make you sit where Allah sat you. This is the order & the sequence you served Islam in, so I’m just maintaining the order. First come, first served.”

— By assigning Bilal as the muaddhin, the Prophet was honoring Bilal

  • A lot of times, adhan is like this responsibility. This thing like, “You call the adhan,” “No, you call it,” “No, you,” “Okay, fine, I’ll call the adhan.”
    • A lot of times, people associate a lack of prestige when it comes to calling the adhan, while they view leading the salah as far more prestigious. Someone asks you to lead salah, you go, “Nice! JazakAllah khair.” Someone asks you to call adhan, you go, “No, no, it’s okay brother. You go ahead call the adhan.”
    • This sort of mindset & perception exists in some parts of the community, sadly
  • In reality, calling the adhan is a great act of nobility, virtue, reward, honor, & distinction
    • Leading the prayer is like the greatest responsibility & the biggest obligation anyone can take on
    • If we realize how honorable calling the adhan is, we would argue & debate about it. If we knew what a grave responsibility leading the prayer was, we would be hiding in the bathroom
    • When you’re in a position of leadership & you’re the most ahal, the most qualified, then you should step forward & lead

— Calling the adhan is a real honor & distinction; that’s why the Prophet bestowed that honor upon Bilal

  • The two muaddhins of Masjid al-Nabawi were Bilal & Abdullah bin Ummi Maktum, who was elderly & blind
    • To recap, one of the muaddhins that the Prophet assigned was an African, freed slave, & the other muaddhin was an elderly, poor, destitute, blind man who lived in poverty his entire life

— Bilal called the adhan with guidance from Abdullah bin Zayd that first day

  • Umar bin al-Khattab, who didn’t live too far away from the Masjid, heard the adhan from his home & came out of his home running
    • Umar didn’t even get fully dressed before running out of his home; he was putting his clothes as he was running
  • He arrives at the Masjid, panting & out of breath, & said from the door, “Ya Nabi Allah, ya nabi Allah, I swear by the One who sent you the Truth, I just saw the same thing in my dream that just happened right now. I saw this in my dream.”

— Recall that the day before, Umar had gone to the marketplace to buy several pieces of wood to form a call-to-prayer device. He went home & in his sleep, he saw in his dream an angel who asked Umar, “What is this piece of wood for?”

  • Umar said to the man in his dream, “We’re going to build a bell.”
  • The angel said, “Let me show you something a lot better.”
    • The angel then descended down from the sky & stood on the ground & called the adhan, & then left

— Umar’s dream confirmed what Abdullah bin Zayd had seen in his dream. The Prophet affirmed this

  • Some of the scholars of the Seerah say that when Abdullah bin Zayd comes to the Prophet during Salat al-Fajr to talk about his dream, Jibril came to the Prophet & affirmed to the Prophet, “This is in fact the will of God. This is to be established.”

— The question that can be asked here is why didn’t the Prophet directly receive the dream about the adhan himself?

  • It was to involve the community. Of course, the Prophet understood this, but through this example of the Prophet we learn that no leader is independent of his flock & his community. The leader has to depend on his community
  • The best decisions that are reached are the ones that stem from communication between the leadership ranks & the community
    • The leaders & the followers have to come together
  • The community doesn’t always have to consist of the Abu Bakrs, the Uthmans, the Umars, the Zayd bin Harithas, the Abdul Rahman bin Awfs,  or the Alis, or someone else of that caliber
    • It was an ordinary Sahabi (Abdullah bin Zayd) who received the dream of the adhan, the adhan which is still practiced & called out five times a day 1400 years later
    • Of course, an “ordinary” Sahabi for us is still a really big deal, but relatively speaking, it’s an “ordinary” Sahabi amongst the more famous Sahaba. But you see how Allah involved this ordinary Sahabi within the process

— When the following morning came (the day after the adhan had been established & Bilal was chosen as the muaddhin) & Bilal came to the Masjid al-Nabawi to call the adhan at Fajr, he saw the As’hab us-Suffah (X) & people sleeping outside of the Masjid

  • Bilal also saw some of the candles weren’t lit inside some of the homes surrounding the Masjid. He felt kind of that everyone was still passed out & sleepy, seeing this scene
  • Bilal called the adhan, & after he said, “Hayyah al Falaah, hayyah al falaah,” he called, “Salah is better than sleep.”
    • The Prophet heard this & came out of his home, & he told Bilal, “This is good. Establish this in the adhan. I approve.”

— Later on in the history of Islam, some deviant groups have come out & said that “Salah is better than sleep” part of the adhan is an innovation (bid’ah) & that Umar bin al-Khattab made it up & put it in the adhan to just change things up

  • This is false (batil). It is authentically established from authentic Hadith that Bilal placed “Prayer is better than sleep” in the adhan & that the Prophet approved of it
  • We know that when the Prophet approves of something, he doesn’t speak from his desires. Everything that the Messenger says is Divine inspiration & revelation & he speaks the Will of God to the people
    • “By the star when it descends, your companion [Muhammad] has not strayed, nor has he erred, nor does he speak from his own inclination. it is not but a revelation revealed, taught to him by one intense in strength – One of soundness” [Surat An-Najm; 53:1-6]
  • The “prayer is better than sleep” line was divinely ordained by Allah

— From that day on, the line became a Sunnah of the adhan at Fajr & it should be implemented in the adhan at Fajr

  • Fiqh of adhan
  • If someone called the adhan & forgot the line “Prayer is better than sleep,” the adhan would still be valid, but if someone called the adhan at Fajr intentionally without this line, then it would be sinful & contradicting the Sunnah of the Prophet
    • Our deen is one of obedience & following the example of the Prophet & one of respect. We show respect to those who deserve the respect. The forefront of those people who deserve our utmost respect is the Prophet himself

— There is a Hadith from the Prophet that mentions that dua is accepted between adhan & iqamah. Overall, the adhan is a very powerful thing. It is a time of acceptance of duas & prayers

  • A woman from Bani Najjar (the people who lived around Masjid al-Nabawi) narrated, “The wall of my courtyard was one of the highest walls from among the homes around the masjid. A lot of times, when Bilal wanted to call the adhan & have his voice project outwards, he took permission & would stand on the wall of my courtyard to call the adhan from there.”
  • The woman continued, “Bilal used to come early in the morning, before Fajr, & would have his suhoor with him. He would have a couple of dates & sometimes water. He would sit down on the wall, peacefully waiting for adhan time. When Bilal would see that it was time to call the adhan, he would stand up on the wall. Before he would call the adhan, he would stand on the wall & make dua.”
    • The dua that Bilal would make: “Oh Allah, I praise you. And I seek your assistance against the Quraysh, that they do not get in the way of Your deen from being established.”
  • Then Bilal would call the adhan for Salat al-Fajr

— While the adhan is being called, what is the practice/obligation upon the listeners of the adhan?

  • The Sunnah of the Prophet is that he taught us to repeat the words of the muaddhin to yourself quietly
  • When the muaddhin says, “Hayyah al salaah, hayyah al salaah, hayyah al falaah, hayyah al falaah,” instead of repeating those words, we say quietly to ourselves, “La hawla wa la quwwata illah billah. La hawla wa la quwwata illah billah (there is no ability to avoid evil & no strength to do good except through the permission & the help of Allah).”
    • The muaddhin calls us to come to prayer & to come to success, & we say “La hawla wa la quwwata illah billah” to mean that basically Allah can make this possible for us (prayer & success), so may Allah make this possible for us
  • At the conclusion of the adhan, the Prophet taught us to make the dua, “Allahumma Rabba hathihid-Daawatit tammah, wassalatil Qa imah ati Muhammadan al waseelata wal fadeelah, wa ib’ath-hu maqaman Mahmoodan allathee wa’ad-tah, innaka laa tukhliful-me’aad.
    • “O Allah, Lord of this perfect call and established prayer. Grant Muhammad the intercession and favor, and raise him to the honored station You have promised him. Verily, You do not neglect promises.”

— The Prophet mentioned many virtues for calling the adhan

  • “The people who call the adhan will have the longest necks on the Day of Judgment.”
    • This can be understood as both literally & figuratively, meaning that muaddhins will stand out on the Day of Judgment. They will rise above on that Day
  • The Prophet told us that when someone who calls us to a good deed, it’s as if he himself has done that good deed
    • If I call or facilitate a good deed for someone, he gets the reward of the deed & I also get the equal reward for him doing the good deed
    • Therefore, the one who calls the adhan & notifies everyone of prayer not only gets the reward for praying himself, but he will get the reward of everyone else who prays as well
  • “When the adhan is called, Shaytan runs away from there. Shaytan is not afraid of much, but when the adhan is called, he runs away & he breaks wind as he runs. He loses control of his bodily functions because he is so terrified. He soils himself as he runs. He runs until he doesn’t hear the adhan anymore. He runs as far as he has to not hear the adhan anymore.”
    • Shaykh Abdul: “You know, now that the adhan can be heard in the parking lot, that just means that Shaytan has to run a little bit father in Irving now, MashaAllah. He runs as far as he can until he no longer hears the adhan. He runs to Andalus.”
    • When the Adhan is done, Shaytan comes back to mess with the people. Then when the iqamah is called, Shaytan runs for his life until he can’t hear the iqamah. When the iqamah is done, he comes right back. Then he starts to mess with people during their salah, making them think about this & that, ruining their khushu (X),until he gets to a point where the person doesn’t remember what rak’ah he is on
  • “If people knew how much reward there was in calling the adhan & praying in the first line (the muaddhin gets both), & they couldn’t decide how they would do it, they would basically draw lots to determine who would call the adhan. People would go to that extent if they knew how much reward there is in calling the adhan.”
  • Abu Sayid al-Khudri was giving advice to another man
    • Abu Sayid said, “I noticed that when you go to graze your flock, you like to go kind of far from your town. You leave for a few days & you camp out for those few days. I notice you like taking those mini-vacations.”
    • The man said, “Yes, I enjoy getting away from all the action sometimes.”
    • Abu Sayid said, “When you’re way out there, & the only things around you are your goats & sheep & trees & grass & the hills & the stars, when the time for adhan comes, call the adhan loudly. Everything that hears the voice of the muaddhin, whether it’s a human, whether it’s a jinn, whether it’s anything, like the leaves of a tree, grass, the animals, the insects, everything that hears the voice of the muaddhin when he calls the adhan will testify on that person’s behalf on the Day of Judgment, ‘Oh Allah, he used to proclaim your name in the world. He used to scream out your name out the top of your lungs.”

— We should do everything we do with ihsan

  • It is very beautiful to call the adhan, & we should do so, with ihsan (“to worship Allah as if you see Him”)
  • Ihsan is to do something with the best of our ability
    • Anything we learn to do, we learn to do it properly, especially with something as noble, beautiful, blessed as the adhan, a tradition that has been going on for the last 1400 years, from the time of the Rasul
  • Call the adhan, but before you do so, put in a little bit of time, about an hour with a hafidh or an imam or someone else to learn how to call the adhan properly
    • We go great lengths to speak, dress, & conduct ourselves properly
    • If we go to stand & proclaim the name of Allah, we should learn to do it properly, because that shows real care & concern for the deed. That shows proper respect
  • Learning how to call the adhan shouldn’t take more than an hour – sit down with a learned person & they’ll teach you letter by letter how to sound the adhan
    • Calling the adhan doesn’t require a beautiful voice; it’s all about enunciation & pronunciation, because you’re pronouncing the name of Allah, which you have to do so properly

— The Prophet visited Madinah in his childhood with his mother Aminah. The city was called Yathrib at the time

  • The Prophet was 6-years-old & they stayed in Yathrib for a month
    • Shaykh Abdul found a connection between the Prophet being in Madinah at age 53 & at age 6 (time lapse of 47 years)
  • Ibn Sa’d al-Baghdadi (X) mentions in his Kitab al-Tabaqat  that the Prophet had very strong memories from that month he spent in his childhood in Madinah. He had very strong memories after he went back to Madinah in his Hijra
    • When he would pass by the homes in Banu Adi, a tribe of Khazraj, & he would stop at a particular house, the Prophet said, “This is the house my mother & I stayed in when we came, 47 years ago.”
    • There was a pond in Madinah, & when the Prophet passed by that pond, he said, “This is the pond where I learned how to swim with the other Khazraji kids.”
    • Then he pointed to an open area of land & said, “This is where I used to run around & play in.”
  • This humanizes the Prophet even more. He looked back at these things & thought of his childhood. These things probably reminded him of his mother, & he probably thought about all the experiences he had & where he had come to

Previous episode: The Fever of Yathrib

Next episode: The First Birth & Death in Madinah

And he smiles, generously.

Subhan’Allah.

Have you ever thought of that day when you see him smile at you? Ma sha Allah. 

Indeed, a lot of narrations have said that the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalam smiled generously to the people during his prophethood, or even before he became a Messenger. 

Here’s a story that story that highlights the love of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam to the Sahabah Radiyallahu Anhum. 

It’s just so beautiful. subhan’Allah, get your tissues ready. 
_____

During the last days of the final illness of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam, he became so sick that when it was time for prayer, he couldn’t lead the prayer. so he ordered Abu Bakr Radiyallahu Anhu to lead the prayers.

Abu Bakr continued to lead the people in prayer until Monday, when the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam removed the screen of his apartment just as the Muslims were busy lining up for prayer. While they were praying he lay there, watching them and appreciating how far they had come in recent years.

Just as a carpenter gives his work a final look of appraisal, the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam was looking at the finished products of his many years of toil and sacrifice. 

He was greatly pleased because he was looking at people who were devotedly performing congregational prayer, without his supervision. The Prophet’s heart was content, for this was something no other Prophet had achieved before him. 

The Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam was reassured that after his death his Sahabah Radiyallahu Anhum would continue where he left off. Such thoughts filled the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam with joy, made his face radiate with happiness, and gave him the strength to stand up.

Meanwhile, the Sahabah Radiyallahu Anhum said, “The Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam has removed the screen of ‘Aishah’s Radiyallahu Anha apartment and is looking at us while he is standing up.” Furthermore, they saw that the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam was smiling and laughing.

Out of love for the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam, some people mistook this as a sign of his recovery. They thought that he was coming out to lead them in prayer but he signaled to them that they should complete their prayer. He then entered the apartment and lowered the screen.
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Subhan’Allah. Imagine that moment, that precious moment where you see the face of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam smiling because he sees you doing your obligations, subhan’Allah.

How beautiful was that moment. 

One can just imagine how his face would have lit and smiled generously. 

Now, I ask you to have a moment with yourself, and ponder about the things that you have been doing, all the missed and skipped salat, answering back to your parents that you have done, do you think you will earn such status when you finally return back to Allah Azza Wa Jall with all these deeds you have been doing? 

Wallahi, my brothers and sisters in Islam, it is up to us on how we would earn Paradise, yes we need the guidance, protection, blessings and forgiveness of Allah Azza Wa Jall but before anything of that, we have to have the "will" to become better and become closer to Him. 

Ponder hard.

There’s still time to change to be better, if you are faltering on your salah, then get up and prepare for the next salah right now, make wudhu and feed your soul with the Qur’an.

If you have talked bad about someone, then make use of you phone and call that person and ask forgiveness, if you have answered back to your parents, then right now, get up and ask for their forgiveness, do not ever let a moment pass that you do not settle things with them.

Redeem your soul, start now, make the intention right now
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May Allah Azza Wa Jall accept our good deeds and forgive us and grant us the ranks of the righteous, in companionship with His Messenger Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam, and finally witness that smile that the Sahabah Radiyallahu Anhum saw. 

Amin.

Zohayma
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Stories are narrated in Sahih Bukhari: 4,448

Today we have Islamophobes slandering our beloved Prophet ﷺ with lies, because they want to attack Islam. They can’t attack our religion because they cannot find any fault, so they attack our Prophet ﷺ with lies and slander. They can’t attack his character because he was noble and honest, so they go for one thing, that they dont even understand, his marriage to A’isha رضي الله عنها

The Prophet ﷺ had many enemies, many of them would go to extreme lengths to defame Islam, to ridicule the religion of Allah, but they never resorted to attacking his character or his marriage to any of His wives… not because it was taboo to do so, because it was not something that could be defamed.

Even His enemies knew that such was His nobility, that slandering Him would not help getting rid of Islam, because the truth of His character was more apparent than the lies.

They make it out as though the Mother of the Beleivers رصي الله عنها was a weak and feeble young woman, when in fact she was a leader. She was the most learned women of Islam during her time, and she was the most reliable source in the teachings of hadith.
She played a key role not only in the emergence of Islam, but its intellectual development after Prophet ﷺ passed away.
She along with the Sahabahs رضي الله عنهم helped contributed to Islam significantly, they paved the way for us and stuck to the haqq, while we have liars and slanderers today, trying to defame their characteristics. But that only leads to more and more people accepting Islam, because indeed Allah is the Best of Planners.

May the Ranks of our beloved Prophet ﷺ and His Companions رضي الله عنهم be raised everytime a hater speaks ill of them. Ameen.

"Know that the life of this world is only play and amusement, a show and boasting among yourselves, a quest for greater riches and more children. Its similitude is that of vegetation that flourish after rain: the growth of which delights the tillers, then it withers and you see it turn yellow, soon it becomes dry and crumbles away. In the hereafter there will be either severe punishment or forgiveness from Allah and His good pleasure. The life of this world is nothing but an illusion." Al-Quran [al-Hadiid - 57:20]

Man wastes his lifetime running after something which has no effect on anything except that he ruins his hereafter. A believer is he who believes that nothing can happen without the Will of Allahu ta’ala. Therefore, his objective becomes to gain Allah’s pleasure and not to run after this Dunya (World). No material possession can benefit or harm anyone if it is not desired by Allah.

www.lionofAllah.com

"If you’re planning your wedding and wondering how to make sure you abide by the teachings of Islam, there’s an easy way to figure it out. Just ask yourself this question: If the Prophet (SAW) were here today and you invited him to your wedding, would he attend?"
- Nadir Keval (www.nadirkeval.com)

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Greedy, I see.

Well, have you ever encountered such person? Many a couple of times, right? 

Have you recently looked at the mirror, well there you see, we all are greedy at some point, or at something that we truly inclined to whether it’s our favorite food, the love of a person, a thing that we are obsessed with or something even by the knowledge we get.

It has it’s good and bad sides, as everything in this world has, but the greed that we let flip over the bad side that is what we have to be careful with. Why? because it eats up everything inside of us and makes us arrogant and stains everything else in our nafs.

It’s good that you want and are eager to learn knowledge but what is not good is when you keep it all for yourself, what will it cause you if you share a knowledge that Allah has Willed to give you?

Or what can it cause you if you share some of the food that you know back home you have stacks of it at your closet to someone who is so hungry?

Or what will it cause you if you let go of one of your old clothes to someone who lost everything because his or her house was burnt down or that he or she was just really poor?

We have to all realize that blessings given to us are not solely for us, we have to share it. When Allah guides someone, He guides him to the good and brings out the best in him.

He delivers the guided person from evil and fills the heart with goodness. 

So it is hard for me to understand that when someone is asked of a question in regards to ahadith, fiqh or anything related to islamic knowledge, we find some people argue or even restrain from answering questions or that they just intend to make it look that the people they are asking doesn’t even know what they are talking.

Greed brings so much negativity in us, that sometimes we tend to misunderstand that eagerness is different from greediness. Au’thubillah.
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At this I want to share to you a story during the caliphate of ‘Umar Radiyallahu Anhu.

We all know the ‘Umar personally policed in the markets of Madinah, and he would constantly go to this butcher shop of Az Zubair and observe, and when he notices that a man is buying meat two days in a row, he would hit him with his stick and say,

"[At least for a short while] should you not make your stomach remain hungry for the sake of your neighbor and your cousin (i.e. so that they do not come here only to find that the shop is out of meat)."
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Subhan’Allah. Look at the governance of this man, he sees to it that every Muslim can have a taste of what the other Muslim had or has and that they could have take turns.

He also made sure that the prices of the goods at the market are always affordable for every Muslim, so no one could be hungry that every Muslim family had food on their tables. 

Allahu’akbar! This is a true leader, indeed during the Khair ul Qurun they paid well justice on the hadith of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam:

"The similitude of believers in regard to mutual love, affection, fellow-feeling is that of one body; when any limb of it aches, the whole body aches, because of sleeplessness and fever."

[But also we have to take a look that there was that greed for food in that Muslim and with that incident with ‘Umar one would realize and ponder that we are but Muslims and that we have duties upon each other, how can we eat properly when we know there are other Muslims who cannot?]

Please please remember them always in your ad’iyah, you may not be able to spoon feed them but for sure with your ad’iyah, Allah will send some sustenance for them as He always does. 
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May we become amongst those people who treasures the teachings of Islam and the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam, that we may live accordingly within the Qur’an and Sunnah so that we may live a life full of worship and obedience to the One Who Created our beating hearts, Allah Azza Wa Jall.

Amin.

Zohayma
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Story: Ad-Daur As-Siyaasee lis-Safwah, p. 231
Hadith: Muslim

Buddhism I can respect, they by no means bother the world the way the Abrahamics do. The closer we are to living a life with deep character and mindfulness of life and reality the better we are.

Buddhists are of course eyeball high in superstitions of various sorts and believe in the samsara cycle and karma. Unlike the other theists though Buddhists do not meddle in the lives of others and instead focus on character development

“Your Lord has not forsaken you nor is He displeased”

In the early part of the seerah (biography of the Prophet ﷺ), after the Messenger ﷺ received the first revelation, there was a period in which revelation completely ceased for a period of time. This time was difficult for the Messenger ﷺ as he was afraid that since nothing further had come down, Allah (swt) might be displeased with him ﷺ. This led him to worry for a period of time.

To console His Messenger ﷺ, Allah (swt) sent down Surah Duha and through it, He consoled the heart of the Messenger ﷺ. Out of the entire surah, the ayah that strikes the heart is the subtlety of the third one when Allah (swt) says, “Your Lord has not forsaken you nor is He displeased.” [Qur’an 93:3]. Allah (swt) here is informing His Messenger ﷺ to not worry because Allah (swt) has not forsaken him and that He has not left him alone. If we reflect on the second part of the ayah, Allah (swt) says, “nor is He displeased.” The obvious question would be, displeased with whom or displeased with what? The ‘who’ or ‘what’ has been left out and the scholars of tafseer give us the reason for it. The surah itself in its entirety is addressed to the Messenger ﷺ – yet in this particular part of the Surah, where Allah mentions His Displeasure, He (swt) leaves out addressing the Messenger ﷺ directly. This is out of respect and honor towards the Messenger ﷺ because Allah (swt) does not even want to mention the Messenger ﷺ close to mentioning His displeasure. So He simply says, “nor is He displeased” and leaves it at that because out of His immense love for the Messenger ﷺ, it is inconceivable that Allah (swt) will be anything but pleased with him ﷺ.

There are many, many other instances in the Qur’an where this love and respect to the Messenger ﷺ is shown and each is a lesson on its own. Allah (swt) has a truly special way of addressing His beloved Messenger in the Qur’an. What we should try to take away from this is implementing the adab and respect in our own lives towards the Messenger ﷺ whenever we speak about him ﷺ, mention his seerah, or quote ahadeeth. This is what we have from him ﷺ today and it is equivalent in the level of adab and respect it requires. Sometimes we might get carried away and start quoting hadeeth to each other back and forth to prove a certain point or refute someone – but when was the last time that we thought about the mannerism we are employing when quoting the statements of the Messenger ﷺ? If Allah (swt) Himself addresses His Messenger ﷺ with such respect, it is only imperative after all that we too show the same level of respect and honor when we mention him ﷺ.

Don’t forget your salawat today. Keep repeating it.

www.lionofAllah.com

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