mithraic

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Double-faced Mithraic relief. Rome, 2nd to 3rd century AD (Louvre Museum)

Sol Invictus / Mithras, surrounded by the signs of the zodiac

Lion-headed human form, entwined by the serpent (leontocephaline)
The name of the figure has been deciphered from dedicatory inscriptions to be Arimanius (though the archeological evidence is not very strong), which is nominally the equivalent of Ahriman, a demon figure in the Zoroastrian pantheon. Arimanius is known from inscriptions to have been a god in the Mithraic cult.
While some scholars identify the lion-man as Aion (Zurvan, or Kronos) others assert that it is Ahriman. There is also speculation that the figure is the Gnostic demiurge, (Ariel) Ialdabaoth. Although the exact identity of the lion-headed figure is debated by scholars, it is largely agreed that the god is associated with time and seasonal change.

The Mithraic Mysteries and the underground chamber of San Clemente

The Mithraic Mysteries were a mystery religion practised in the Roman Empire from about the 1st to 4th centuries AD. Worshippers of Mithras had a complex system of seven grades of initiation, with ritual meals. They met in underground temples or caverns (mithranea), which survive in large numbers throughout Rome.

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anonymous asked:

I've been drawn to the deity of Mithras for a long time now, but have been sorely disappointed to find that there don't appear to be many people devoted to worshiping him anymore. Do you know of any active Mithraic groups or Mithraists on Tumblr and the Internet as a whole?

This is the Mithras tag on Tumblr, which seems to be a combination of artwork, popular culture, fanfiction, and mythology.

Here is a website discussing the Mysteries of Mithras and his mythology. It contains a variety of infrmation on Mithras, as well as a bibliography and extended reading list.

Here is another website containing a tab on Mithraeum today, in addition to other information. Hopefully it can be of some help.

As for groups dealing with him on Tumblr, there do not seem to be any. At least not in the tags.

Ghost

The Mithraic Mysteries and the underground chamber of San Clemente

The Mithraic Mysteries were a mystery religion practised in the Roman Empire from about the 1st to 4th centuries AD. Worshippers of Mithras had a complex system of seven grades of initiation, with ritual meals. They met in underground temples or caverns (mithranea), which survive in large numbers throughout Rome.

Read more …

The Mithraic Mysteries and the underground chamber of San Clemente

The Mithraic Mysteries were a mystery religion practised in the Roman Empire from about the 1st to 4th centuries AD. Worshippers of Mithras had a complex system of seven grades of initiation, with ritual meals. They met in underground temples or caverns (mithranea), which survive in large numbers throughout Rome. 

Read more …

Zodiac Wheel

From the geocentric perspective, the precession (a movement of the earth) appears to be a movement of the entire cosmic sphere. For people who held both a geocentric world view and the belief that the movements of the stars influenced human fates, the discovery of the precession would have been literally world-shaking: the stable sphere of the fixed stars was being unseated by some force apparently larger than the cosmos itself. Ancient intellectuals, accustomed as they were to seeing the work of the gods reflected in the works of nature, could easily have taken this great movement as evidence for the existence of a powerful, hitherto unsuspected deity.

Along with seeing precession as “world-shaking,” the ancients would also have phrased this discovery in terms very different from ours. Accustomed as they were to envisioning the heavens from an astrological perspective, ancient astronomers regularly described celestial bodies relative to the twelve signs of the zodiac, the list of constellations still familiar to many today: Aquarius, Pisces, Aries, Taurus, Gemini, etc. One-twelfth of a precessional cycle is 2160 years, the time it takes the sun to move backwards from one sign of the zodiac to another. For instance, at present we are under two centuries away from the sun moving out of Pisces into Aquarius, which is why “this is the dawning of the Age of Aquarius.”

Extending that tendency back in time shows that the sun moved from Aries to Pisces in the early first century BCE, and from Taurus to Aries about two thousand or so years before that, around 2200 BCE, or to put this in astrological terms, “ the sun moved out of the house of Taurus” around the turn of the third millennium BCE. According to Ulansey’s thesis, the timing of this precessional shift is no coincidence; rather, it is the secret that was revealed to those initiated into the Mithraic mysteries.