tooanxiousforrivers submitted to medievalpoc:

Nicolas Poussin

Achilles on Skyros


Oil on canvas, 39.5”x52.5”

Seen at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts

This painting depicts an early scene from the myth of Achilles. His mother, Thetis, attempted to hide him on the island of Skyros, disguising him as one of the king’s daughters. According to the description that accompanied this piece in the museum, it is Ulysses and Diomedes shown here as having come to Skyros to find Achilles. They do so by presenting the daughters with a gift of jewelry and other typical feminine fare. However, they also include a sword, spear, and shield, which Achilles instinctively brandishes, thus revealing himself.

I was surprised to see that this same artist, just a few years prior to this work, created another painting of the same scene with a completely different envisioning, including the racial makeup of the subjects. It is part of the collection at the Museum of Fine Arts Boston and can be seen here. Not being well versed in art history, I have to ask, is this type of thing common practice?

Oh, definitely. It’s not uncommon to see as many as five or six versions of the same subject by the same artist, often using the same base sketches of the same models. It has to do with the manner and the reasons paintings were commissioned and produced in the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Often, the Master of the studio would do the composition and outline, apprentices would fill it in, and the Master would come back and do the faces and hands, or finer detail work.

Popular and common subjects like the Adoration of the Magi, The Finding of Moses, the Annunciation, and a whole host of biblical, mythical, and literary themes would be produced for specific patrons or institutions that paid for them to be made. Some of these paintings look completely different, and some of them are nearly identical.

Here are two paintings by Paolo Veronese, each one depicting the subject of “Judith and her Maid with the Head of Holofernes”.

The first one is from the 1550s:


The second one is from the 1580s:


They look almost completely different, but they’re basically the same thing.

In addition to this, it’s also common to see copies of paintings by other artists than the original, sometimes even a century or more after the death of the original artist. When I post something that is “after” a certain artist, it usually means it is considered to be copied from an earlier artwork. Sometimes it is a less-than perfect copy by another artist in the studio, and sometimes the work is so good it’s indistinguishable from a Master’s work, and these paintings are often just listed as “The Studio of Peter Paul Rubens” or “Follower of Hieronymus Bosch”.

Here’s a good example. Here you have the original painting of Saint Maurice in full plate armor by Lucas Cranach the Elder and Workshop; Germany c. 1520:


And here you have a copy from his workshop, produced under another artist most likely:




And now you have an image obviously derivative (note the same red hat with white plumes) in the Missal of Cardinal Albrecht von Brandenburg, by Nicolas Glockenden I c. 1524:


And another from the same book, which is an even more faithful copy:


If you want to learn more about this, you can start with searching for articles and books about the Guild of Saint Luke, The Worshipful Company of Glaziers and Painters of Glass, The Guilds of Florence (to learn more about their roles in the sociopolitical climates of the Middle Ages), or why artists often were in the same guilds with apothecaries and spice merchants!

Researchers Simplify Process to Purify Water Using Seed Extracts

Researchers have streamlined and simplified a process that uses extracts from seeds of Moringa oleifa trees to purify water, reducing levels of harmful bacteria by 90% to 99%. The hardy trees that are drought resistant are cultivated widely throughout many countries of Africa, Asia, and Latin America.

The protocol, which is outlined in a Current Protocols in Microbiology review, is low-cost and efficient, making it especially useful for people living in extreme poverty in developing countries who are presently drinking highly turbid and contaminated water. Of these, some 2 million are reckoned to die from waterborne diseases every year, with the majority of deaths occurring in young children.

“The use of these techniques will not be a panacea against waterborne disease; however, increasing the use of the Moringa tree would bring benefits in the shape of nutrition and income, as well as purer water,” said author Michael Lea.


Image: [x]

What’s the balance between protecting yourself and the community from toxic levels of self loathing in trans women and not abandoning other trans women to continue down self destructive and outwardly destructive paths?

Where are the lines drawn in activist spaces, radical spaces and personal spaces? Where should lines be drawn? Should those lines be rigid? Should they be flexible?

Throughout my entire time on tumblr I have skirted over the line back and forth back and forth. I’ve forgiven too hard in some cases, dumped too much energy into coaxing other trans women to self love only to be burned. I’ve been too rigid and unforgiving in some cases, abandoned other trans women to their fate, some of whom later did find their way but suffered immensely from their own self loathing in the meantime and caused a lot of suffering while they were at it.

There are some on tumblr (and other spaces) that always forgive and reach out. They are struck by burnout constantly and harmed regularly but they also leave no one behind to burn. They never burn and excise others, even the most horrendous of truscum and self haters and some of them have saved more lives than I can count. But they’ve been taken advantage of so often and with such awful results.

There are some on tumblr (and other spaces) that always lock down spaces, who go for the throat for anyone who isn’t on top of things or who acts out internalized transmisogyny. They always keep their spaces safe and they dodge many of the worst parasites and harmers. But they’ve abandoned so many, they’ve even harmed trans women who later on came to understanding and are wary of involving themselves in communities as a result. Even afraid of community to begin with.

Where is the balance? How does one know who can be coaxed away and who will bite at the hand that reaches out forever?

How do you find that balance?

How do you save the most, regain the most, bring the most in without destroying yourself or allowing parasites and abusers into your safer spaces?

How do you protect your own and protect yourself without tossing away other trans women like garbage, abandoning and leaving behind those you could save and coax away, forever trapped in the walls of your tiny fortress with so many suffering outside?

Hard questions. I don’t have the answers

Shaitan’s Words at the Closing of the Day of Judgment (Quran 14:22)

وَقَالَ الشَّيْطَانُ لَمَّا قُضِيَ الْأَمْرُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَعَدَكُمْ وَعْدَ الْحَقِّ وَوَعَدْتُكُمْ فَأَخْلَفْتُكُمْ وَمَا كَانَ لِي عَلَيْكُمْ مِنْ سُلْطَانٍ إِلَّا أَنْ دَعَوْتُكُمْ فَاسْتَجَبْتُمْ لِي فَلَا تَلُومُونِي وَلُومُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ مَا أَنَا بِمُصْرِخِكُمْ وَمَا أَنْتُمْ بِمُصْرِخِيَّ إِنِّي كَفَرْتُ بِمَا أَشْرَكْتُمُونِ مِنْ قَبْلُ إِنَّ الظَّالِمِينَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ

And when everything will have been decided, Satan will say: “God promised you a true promise, and I, too, promised to you - but I deceived you. But I had no power at all over you: I only invited you-and you responded to me. Therefore blame not me, but blame yourselves. It is not for me to respond to your cries, nor for you to respond to mine: for indeed I have [always] refused to admit that there was any truth in your ascribing me as a partner (to Allah). Verily, for all evildoers there is grievous suffering in store.” (Quran 14:22)

Originally found on: mahakhalid111

Let's Dial Down Some (Maybe) Ovulation Freakouts

"AND OMFG I WAS OVULATING, TOO!!!!!!!" This sentence is becoming familiar to us.

We have had some new readers coming in freaking out about a possible pregnancy, often having decided doom is certainly upon them because an app told them they were ovulating the same day they were doing whatever sex-thing they were doing, often things which were non-risks in the first place.

More young people seem to be developing some new knowledge about fertility cycles. I think that’s great. Well, kind of great. Thing is, lots of the information you’re getting, or think you have, is often dodgy, only half the picture, or just flat-out wrong.

For instance, people have expressed that they think anytime they have thinner vaginal discharge, or a discharge they’ve not noticed before, it must be ovulation, thinking ovulation happens for everyone on day 14, or smack in the middle of a cycle, or that an app that only tracks periods can give truly accurate estimates of their fertile times. We’re also having a number of users coming in who seem to think ovulation creates some kind of pregnancy magic (Shazam!) where people are able to become pregnant without being any part of the things that create a real possibility of pregnancy in the first place.

You all have enough to worry about already! Worrying about things that either aren’t sound or realistic, or may be either but still don’t = The End of the World? You just don’t need that extra, typically needless, stress. Nobody does.

There’s a LOT of information online that talks about reproduction and conception — though the majority of fertility information is based on older people, and also intended for people having trouble conceiving who are trying to make that happen. There is also a lot of social or cultural scare-makers focusing on teen pregnancy. It’s not surprising some users arrive here terrified about a possible pregnancy, even when no one’s done the things that can cause a pregnancy, or has been doing so without contraception. Of course, it is a big deal to actually become pregnant, a big deal to make the myriad of choices involved, and a big deal to think that might be a reality for you. But even when that is for real, please know the endlessly constructed and loudly broadcast catastrophic teen pregnancy scenarios are only one way that goes: there are many, many people who have done just fine with an unplanned pregnancy, including during their teens.

Being scared of things that are actually happening, and are real or sound is one thing: being scared of things that either are not real, or could be, but are not for you right now or probably aren’t? Not so much.

Charting fertility well, where the information you are gathering and interpreting is highly likely to be accurate isn’t hard, but it involves doing more than just tracking the dates of menstrual periods. A lot of people are using apps for tracking periods, which also say they can predict fertility. But almost none of them even ask for the information needed to do that very accurately.

Read the rest at Scarleteen here.