Largest Egyptian Sarcophagus Identified

image

The largest ancient Egyptian sarcophagus has been identified in a tomb in Egypt’s Valley of the Kings, say archaeologists who are re-assembling the giant box that was reduced to fragments more than 3,000 years ago.

Made of red granite, the royal sarcophagus was built for Merneptah, an Egyptian pharaoh who lived more than 3,200 years ago. A warrior king, he defeated the Libyans and a group called the “Sea Peoples” in a great battle.

He also waged a campaign in the Levant attacking, among others, a group he called “Israel” (the first mention of the people). When he died, his mummy was enclosed in a series of four stone sarcophagi, one nestled within the other.

Archaeologists are re-assembling the outermost of these nested sarcophagi, its size dwarfing the researchers working on it. It is more than 13 feet (4 meters) long, 7 feet (2.3 m) wide and towers more than 8 feet (2.5 m) above the ground. It was originally quite colorful and has a lid that is still intact. Read more.

5

Merneptah photo set time! 

My favorite Merneptah memory: When I went to Egypt with 2 of my grad school friends in 2008, we of course went to the Cairo museum and we were assigned a very nice gentleman (“Bob”) as our ‘tour guide’ but I think we only had about 2 hours total in the museum. After about 5-10 minutes listening to this guy talk, I realized if I stayed with the group I would miss out on pretty much everything I wanted to see in the museum. The moment of decision came when we were led to a corner of a room and I was looking at the very large stele directly behind our guide, trying to figure out why it looked so familiar. And lo, it was the Merneptah Stele! I kind of freaked out (quietly, of course). Our guide didn’t even mention the stele. At all. Even though he was basically leaning on it while he was talking. So, we (my 2 friends and I) ditched the group and saw all the things we wanted to see and made much better use of those 2 very short hours. I highly recommend buying the extra tickets for the royal mummy rooms. They’re an oasis of quiet and calm in the sea of chaos that is the Cairo Museum. Plus, it’s super cool to hang out with queens and pharaohs. They’re a pretty rad bunch :) I hope they’re ok…

Yesterday it was recorded that the largest ancient Egyptian sarcophagus has been found in a tomb of the Valley of the Kings, dating to more than 3,000 years ago. The sarcophagus, more than 13 feet (4 meters) long, 7 feet (2.3 m) wide and towers more than 8 feet (2.5 m) above the ground, is made from red granite. It is believed to be the royal sarcophagus of Merneptah, the 4th ruler of the 19th Dynasty, who ruled Egypt between 1213 - 1202 BC. Merneptah was a warrior king who defeated the Libyans and a group called the “Sea Peoples” in a great battle. He also waged a campaign in the Levant attacking, among others, a group he called “Israel” (the first mention of the people). When he died his mummy was enclosed in four sarcophagi, one nestled on top of the other. Within the outer sarcophagus was a second granite sarcophagus box with a cartouche-shaped oval lid that depicts the name Merneptah (top right). Within that was a third sarcophagus that was taken out and reused in antiquity by another ruler named Psusennes I. Within this was a fourth sarcophagus, made of travertine that originally held the mummy of Merneptah (pictured on the left). Although it is not certain yet why this pharaoh used 4 large sarcophagi, an unusual practice, deciphering the literature and art on these tombs might give archaeologist and Egyptologists some insight. For example, this scene (bottom right) depicts hour five of the “Amduat,” a book that also chronicles the sun god’s journey at night. In this section he passes through the cavern of a god named Sokar. #AncientEgypt #Egypt #Egyptian #Egyptology #Merneptah #Pharaoh #King #Sarcophagus #Mummy #Tomb #ValleyOfTheKings #News #History #Archaeology #Art #ArtHistory

Belle découverte du côté de l’Égypte! Les scientifiques sont parvenus à identifier le propriétaire d’un des plus gros sarcophages de pierre jamais découvert dans la Vallée des rois. Après avoir restauré et assemblé les morceaux, ils ont pu l’identifier au nom de Mérneptah, qui avait notamment combattu ces mystérieux “Peuples de la mer” vers 1200 avant notre ère.

Merneptah19 started following you

Ah my son! I hope you take over my throne with power, and lead Egypt with a strong hand. May Ra guide you the way to everlasting prosperity. 13th son of the Great Ramesess II, only victory shall come with your reign!  

Text
Photo
Quote
Link
Chat
Audio
Video