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Cradleboarding: Museo Palacio Canton, Merida, Mexico

Cradleboarding was a common practice for the Maya, done with children shortly after birth as a means to display aesthetics and possibly social differentiation. 

Father Diego de Landa is noted as saying: 
At four or five days after birth, the creature gets put in a small bed made of sticks and then, face down, two boards are pressed against the head: one in the back, the other on the front with so much pressure that there is much suffering for several days after which the desired effect is achieved. 

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