5 Common First Aid myths. And a rat.

If popular legend is to be believed, we’re never more than six feet away from a rat. I guess this all depends on which pub you choose to frequent, or whether or not you’ve recently shared a football pitch with Liverpool striker Luis Suarez. But seriously, is there any truth in this commonly-held belief about rodents?

Apparently not. The BBC recently conducted a statistical survey to provide estimations of rats living outside and around houses, as well as in drains and sewers, and found rats to be living near 3% of homes. In turn this results in an estimation of 3.1 million rats living in urban areas in the UK, which when correlated with the corresponding land mass, results in 5,000 square metres for each rat.

So what does all this mean in Layman’s terms? In a nutshell, you’ll be delighted to know that you are actually more likely to be within 164ft of a rat whilst you are reading this. Unless you are reading this in a sewer, of course…

So now that we’ve dispelled that myth for you, let’s move on to first aid. First Aid is an extremely delicate area – after all, we’re talking about the first help given to a sick, ill or injured person. You would think, therefore, that the subject would be immune from the curse of the dreaded myth. Unfortunately not; here are 5 of the most common myths associated with first aid:

1. When someone is having a nosebleed, they should tilt their head back…

After all, this will make sure the blood stays in their body, so this must be a good thing. Right? Wrong! Tilting  a casualty’s head back when they are having a nosebleed may actually cause feelings of nausea, and can also induce vomiting. Whichever way you look at it, nausea and vomiting is a not a trendy look in 2013, so instead consider the correct method:

Sit the casualty down with head tipped forward, tell them to pinch their nostrils shut (on the soft part of the nose) and tell them to breathe through their mouths. If they are still bleeding after 30 minutes, the casualty will need to go to hospital

2. Someone who is having a heart attack should lie down…

I’m afraid not. Lying down can actually make it more difficult for the casualty to breathe. Instead, assist the casualty into a half-sitting position – ideally with their head and shoulders supported, and reassure them whilst emergency services are sent for.

3. If someone is choking, the best thing to do is get my fingers down their throat…

No chance! If you do this, you could push the obstruction further down the casualty’s throat. Instead, try to get the casualty to relax and encourage them to cough. If that doesn’t work, you may have to try back blows with the palm of your hand  - no more than x 5 between the shoulder blades. Still not cleared the obstruction? Okay, now it’s time to try abdominal thrusts (again, no more than 5). Be mindful, though – abdominal thrusts can cause damage to underlying organs, so anyone who’s been on the receiving end should be advised to have a check-up afterwards.

4. If someone is feeling faint, they should sit with their head between their legs…

No. Doing this is just increasing the likelihood of the casualty falling forward – which is not advisable! Instead, if someone faints allow them to lie down. Raise their legs to encourage blood-flow to the brain, and if possible let them have some fresh air.

5. The ambulance will be here now, in a minute…

The reality is that it doesn’t take one minute for an ambulance to arrive on the scene. Maybe if the paramedics were, by pure miracle, parked around the corner eating their packed lunches it could be a remote possibility – but let’s face it, what are the chances.

In Wales the target response times for Category A emergencies (the most serious kind of incidents) is 8 minutes, so this is what your ambulance will be aiming for. The most recent statistics show that in April, this target was met in only 57.2% of cases in Wales, with 90% of Category A incidents being met by the ambulance service within 20 minutes.

At Menter we regularly run first aid courses of all variety. Looking for a basic half day? No problems. Looking for a bit more in-depth, but not too full-on? Relax, we do one-day accredited emergency first aid courses, too!

Okay, so you’re looking for something a bit more in depth? That’s fine, we run accredited 3-day first aid at work programmes.

Ahh, you’d like to be able to deliver first aid training yourself? Maybe for your staff, or maybe you’re looking to become a freelance trainer? No sweat – just check out our 5-day train-the-trainer course, it could be just what you need.

Right, you work with children – can Menter help? Can Menter help?! Pfft!! …of course we can!! Sounds like an accredited paediatric first aid course could be just what you’re looking for.

Either way, if you choose to train with us then you can guarantee there won’t be a myth in sight. Nor any rats for that matter.

Upcoming First Aid Courses

Level 3 First Aid At Work 

15 - 17 July 2013 

£100+VAT per person

First Aid Train The Trainer

07/08/09/10/18 October 2013 

£415+VAT per person 

Quand mon chéri m’a fait découvrir le yaourt glacé, une glace moins grasse que les traditionnels, que l’on peut agrémenter de toppings (fruits frais, gâteaux, muesli, coulis, chocolat, etc…). Du coup, j’ai profité d’une glace “light” avec quelques menus ajouts…



Le Québec à la quête d’une nouvelle éducation


À la fin des années 1990, le taux d’étudiants québécois qui n’obtenaient pas leur diplôme avant l’âge de 20 ans était 32%. C’est pourquoi, Pauline Marois, Ministre de l’Éducation du Gouvernement Québécois à l’époque, a commencé, au début des années 2000, à implémenter graduellement une réforme éducationnelle appelée : Renouveau Pédagogique.

L’un des objectifs principaux de la réforme était d’imiter le monde du travail. Grâce au travail d’équipe, les étudiants seront capables de résoudre une problématique en utilisant les mêmes stratégies qu’un employé moyen utilise de façon quotidienne. En plus, les étudiants deviennent plus autonomes.

En ce qui concerne le curriculum, la réforme a privilégié les matières de base et l’acquisition des compétences. En conséquence, certaines matières ont été éliminées. Par exemple, les cours d’économie familiale et d’éducation sexuelle ont été remplacés par une augmentation des heures consacrés au cours de français et d’histoire pour les étudiants de première et deuxième année.

En dépit du nombre important des modifications sans précédent, les enseignants québécois ont manifesté leur mécontentement à propos de certains aspects de la réforme. D’abord, l’implémentation permanente du travail d’équipe n’a pas été bien reçue par les enseignants car les étudiants, qui ne sont pas habitués à cette modalité de travail, sont facilement distraits. Par exemple, si un groupe de travail doit réaliser une activité qui comprenne la discussion, il arrive souvent que la plupart des étudiants se met à parler au lieu d’accomplir la tâche. En parallèle, cette modalité est aussi nouvelle pour les enseignants qui avant la réforme ne connaissaient que l’approche traditionelle.

En plus, l’accent mis sur l’évaluation des compétences pourrait provoquer que les étudiants ne s’efforcent pas assez pour réussir à l’école. Il faut ajouter que le pourcentage minimum pour réussir à une compétences est 35%.  Autrement dit, si un étudiant obtient 85% dans une compétence et 0% dans une autre, le 0% sera forcément augmenté à 35% afin de garantir la réussite de l’étudiant avec 60%. À cause de ceci, le taux d’échec des étudiants a diminué considérablement. Néanmoins, certains enseignants se demandent si les étudiants qui vont obtenir leur diplôme sous cette modalité vont vraiment le mériter.

Même si la majorité des enseignants s’opposent à cette réforme, il faut encore attendre pour que la première génération éduquée complètement par ce système finisse ses études et ainsi constater vraiment l’effectivité de la réforme Renouveau Pédagogique.

Rocío Oporto Corrial, Olivia Morgado Andrade, Lorena Fleidl Águila.

New Post has been published on The Rakyat Post

New Post has been published on http://www.therakyatpost.com/news/2014/08/27/pr-submitted-one-name-mb-khalid-says/

PR submitted more than one name for MB, Khalid says

SHAH ALAM, Aug 27, 2014:

Pakatan Rakyat (PR) submitted more than just one name for the Menteri Besar Selangor post after the 12th and 13th General Elections.

This latest claim was made by Selangor Menter Besar Tan Sri Abdul Khalid Ibrahim at a press conference at the state secretariat building here today.

According to Abdul Khalid, other names besides his were submitted in a separate letter.


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