mausolus

Marble relief fragment depicting Greeks and Amazons in combat, from the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, a monumental tomb for Mausolus, the local semi-autonomus ruler in what is now western Turkey, around 350 BC. Although Mausolus was a satrap (governor) for the Achemeanid Persian Empire and descended from local people, his population was Greek speaking and heavily influenced by Greek art and culture. His Mausoleum was considered one of the wonders of the world on some lists of the time. The structure was destroyed by earthquakes in the Medieval period and the site rediscovered in the 19th Century, when many fragments were saved from burning in lime kilns or reuse in other structures by being sent to the British Museum, where they now reside. Photo Credit: Clio Ancient Art and Antiquities.