Marie Josèphe of Saxony, Dauphine of France. Maurice Quentin de La Tour (French, 1704-1788). Pastel on canvas. Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden.
Maria Josepha of Saxony (1731-1767) became Dauphine at the age of fifteen through her marriage to Louis de France, the son and heir of Louis XV. Marie Josèphe was the mother of three kings of France, including Louis XVI, who died under the guillotine during the French Revolution. Her youngest daughter, Madame Élisabeth, also was beheaded during the Revolution.
Philibert Orry de Vignory (c.1737). Maurice Quentin de la Tour (French, 1704-1788). Pastel on blue paper. Musée du Louvre, Paris.
Orry de Vignory (1689-1747) was appointed by Louis XV in 1736 to the prestigious post of Directeur Général des Bâtiments, Arts et Manufactures, a title that put him in charge of all the artistic activity in France.