maria teresa mirabal

Dede Mirabal, the last surviving Mirabal sister, passed away early this month. May she rest in peace knowing that her life and the sacrifice of her sisters have empowered so many. 

¡Que vivan (todas) Las Mariposas!

Patria, Dede, Minerva, and Maria Teresa–las Hermanas Mirabal– were four public political dissidents who opposed the dictatorship of Rafael Trujillo in the Dominican Republic. They actively organized against one of the most oppressive and bloodthirsty regimes the Americas had ever seen. All but Dede were assassinated in 1960 and the day of their murders, November 25th, stands as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women. 

For years, Doña Dede cared for a museum honoring her sisters and their memory in the Salcedo Province. She also raised her sisters’ orphaned children. 

She lived to tell the story and it’s one that is a testament to how strong women are. 

25 November -The International Day of Elimination of Violence Against Women

In honor of the Mirabal sisters - Patria, Minerva, Maria Teresa -, who followed their convictions to give up privileged life to fight against the regime of terror.

The three Maribal sisters gave their lives at the ages of 36, 34, and 25 all in the struggle for their country’s political freedom in 1960.

On November 25, 1960, Mirabal sisters and their driverwere traveling along the treacherous mountain roads in the region. The women had been visiting Manolo and Leandro in a jail in Puerta Plata, many hours from their home. On their return journey, they were ambushed by Trujillo’s soldiers. All four were strangled or beaten to death, placed back in the car, and pushed over the edge of the cliff. Trujillo believed that if the Dominican people were to find out that the “Mariposas” were enough of a threat to warrant execution, they would be inspired and rise up. So the soldiers made it look like the car had hit a turn too fast and run off the road. They took them out of the car, strangled or beat them to death, placed them back in the car and pushed it over the cliff. The country was not fooled, however. They rose up full force.

Less than a year later, Trujillo was assasinated.

The deaths of the Mirabal sisters gave courage to the nation. Courage to defeat the dictator. The dictator that plagued them and bade them to pray to him and caused many to “run off the road” while traveling. The courage of the Mariposas lives on in the hearts of all Dominicans.

25 Kasım, Dominik Cumhuriyeti'nde,Salcedo'da Ojo de Agua adlı köyde doğmuş Trujillo diktatörlüğüne karşı mücadele eden Clandestina Hareketi'nin öncülerinden olan Patria, Minerva ve Maria Mirabal kardeşlerin sistem tarafından katledildiği tarihtir. Mirabal kız kardeşlerin, diktatörlüğün askerleri tarafından, tecavüz edildikten sonra vahşi bir şekilde katledildikleri, utanç gününün ve insanlık ayıbının yıl dönümüdür. 
1960 yılının 25 Kasım'ında, Dominik Cumhuriyeti'nin kuzey bölgesinde, bir uçurumun dibinde üç kadının cesedi bulunur. Bunlar Mirabel kardeşlerdir.

Ertesi sabah gazetelerde bu ölümlerin bir kaza sonucu meydana geldiğini anlatan bir haber çıkar. Ama gerçek göründüğü gibi değildir…

Mirabal kardeşler, ülkelerinde siyasal özgürlük için kararlılıkla mücadele ederek Latin Amerika'daki diktatör Rafael Leonidas Trujillo'ya meydan okur. Bu yüzden diktatörlük tarafından zulme uğrayarak pek çok kez hapsedilir ve en son olarak da 25 Kasım 1960 yılında arabalarından zorla indirilerek tecavüz ve işkenceyle katledilirler… Sonrasında, bu katliam kayıtlara “araba kazası” olarak geçecektir.

Mirabal kız kardeşlerden birinin kod adının Kelebek olmasından da esinlenerek; o günden sonra bu üç kız kardeş, gerek Dominik'te gerek dünya da “Kelebekler” adıyla efsaneleştirilerek anılmaya başlarlar. 
Önce 1981'de Dominik'te toplanan Latin Amerika Kadın kurultayında; 25 Kasım , “Kadına Yönelik Şiddete Karşı Mücadele Ve Uluslararası Dayanışma Günü” olarak kabul edilir. Daha sonra 1985 yılında, BM tarafından “25 Kasım, kadına yönelik şiddetin yok edilmesi için uluslararası mücadele günü” ilan edilir.1981 den bu yana dünyanın dört bir köşesinden kadınlar, efsaneleşen bu üç kelebeği anıyorlar.

Toplumsal cinsiyet eşitsizliğine, ayrımcılığa, ataerkil toplumsal şiddete, aile içi şiddete, savaşa ve ırkçılığa karşı; kadın dayanışmasını örüyor, seslerini yükseltiyorlar. Adeta kelebekçesine kanat çırparak uçmayı sürdürüyorlar…

Patria Mercedes Mirabal-Minerva Argertina Mirabal-Maria Teresa Mirabal

Happy birthday, Maria Teresa Mirabal!

Las Hermanas Mirabal were four Dominican political dissidents who opposed the dictatorship of Rafael Trujillo. On November 25, 1960, three of the sisters were assassinated. In 1999, the sisters received recognition by the United Nations General Assembly, who designated November 25 as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women in their honor.

The Mirabals were farmers in the Dominican Republic. Their daughters grew up in a relatively upper class, cultured environment. The four sisters married and raised families.

Influenced by her uncle, Minerva became involved in the political movement against Trujillo, who had been the president of the country from 1930 to 1938 and from 1942 to 1952, and afterwards, became its dictator. Minerva studied law and became a lawyer, but because she declined Trujillo’s romantic advances in 1949, she was only allowed to earn a degree, but not have a license to practice law. Her sisters followed suit, first Maria Teresa, who joined after staying with Minerva and learning about their activities, and then Patria, who joined after witnessing a massacre by some of Trujillo’s men while on a religious retreat. Dedé joined later, due to having been held back by her husband Jaimito. They eventually formed a group called the Movement of the Fourteenth of June (named after the date of the massacre Patria witnessed), to oppose the Trujillo regime. They distributed pamphlets about the many people who Trujillo had killed, and obtained materials for guns and bombs to use when they finally openly revolted. Within the group, the Mirabels called themselves Las Mariposas (The Butterflies), after Minerva’s underground name.

Two of the sisters, Minerva and Maria Teresa, were incarcerated and tortured on several occasions. Three of the sisters’ husbands (who were also involved in the underground activities) were incarcerated at La Victoria Penitentiary in Santo Domingo. Despite these setbacks, they persisted in fighting to end Trujillo’s leadership. In 1960, the Organization of American States condemned Trujillo’s actions and sent observers. Minerva and Maria Teresa were freed, but their husbands remained in prison. On their remembrance website, Learn to Question, the author writes, “No matter how many times Trujillo jailed them, no matter how much of their property and possessions he seized, Minerva, Patria and Maria Teresa refused to give up on their mission to restore democracy and civil liberties to the island nation.”

On November 25, 1960, three of the sisters, Patria, Minerva, and Maria Teresa, and driver Rufino de la Cruz, were visiting Patria and Minerva’s incarcerated husbands. On the way home, they were stopped by Trujillo’s henchmen. The sisters and the driver were separated and were clubbed to death. The bodies were then gathered and put in their Jeep where it was run off the mountain road to look like an accident.

After Trujillo was assassinated in May 1961, General Pupo Roman admitted to have personal knowledge that the sisters were killed by two men, Victor Alicinio and Peña Rivera, who were Trujillo’s right hand men. Ciriaco de la Rosa, Ramon Emilio Rojas, Alfonso Cruz Vlaeria and Emilio Estrada Malleta were all members of his secret police force. The question of whether Trujillo ordered the secret police or whether they acted on their own is unconfirmed. Virgilio Pina Chevalier (Don Cucho), Trujillo’s family member and intimate collaborator, wrote in his 2008 book, La era de Trujillo. Narraciones de Don Cucho, that Trujillo refers to the Mirabal assassinations as being far from anything to do with him. “But we know orders of this nature could not come from any authority lower than national sovereignty. That was none other than Trujillo himself; still less could it have taken place without his assent.”

On December 17, 1999, the United Nations General Assembly designated November 25 as the annual date of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women in commemoration of the sisters. The day also marks the beginning of a 16 day period of Activism against Gender Violence. The end of the 16 Days, on December 10, is noted as International Human Rights Day.

On November 21, 2007, the Salcedo Province was renamed Hermanas Mirabal Province.

The Mirabal sisters are also commemorated by appearing on the 200 Dominican pesos bill. The Mirabal sisters are seen as heros for most in Dominican Republic, because after their death Trujillos empire crumbled.

i love “the north remembers” phrase because its just this secret symbol of solidarity for the Starks the northerners have and its so beautiful and they’re playing along for now but that’s gonna be their battle cry to raise the north as an independent kingdom ruled by “Stark”. the northerners are like a big family and I love it.

the phrase actually reminds me of the Mirabal sisters of the Dominican Republic, Minerva, Maria teresa, and Patria Mirabal. their code name was “las mariposas” which is “the butterflies” in spanish and they became symbols of resistance against the dictator Trujillo and female empowerment and the had a secret code that sympathizers use to whisper to identify one another and it was Que Vivan las Mariposas which translates to “long live the Butterflies”. Six months after their murders Trujillo was assassinated. The International Day For the Elimination of  of Violence Against Women was designated on the 25 of November, the day of their assassination, in their honor.