like yeah a lot of modern American maoism is really white but to pretend there aren’t black maoists is erasure and also like did we really forget about the black panthers selling the copies of the little red book?

"Colonialism is not a type of individual relations but the conquest of a national territory and the oppression of a people: that is all. It is not a certain type of human behavior or a pattern of relations between individuals. Every Frenchman in Algeria is at the present time an enemy soldier. So long as Algeria is not independent, this logical consequence must be accepted… .

The Algerian experiences French colonialism as an undifferentiated whole, not out of simple mindedness or xenophobia but because in reality every Frenchmen in Algeria maintains, with reference to the Algerian, relations that are based on force. The evocation of special cases of Frenchmen who are abnormally nice to Algerians doe snot modify the nature of relations between a foreign group that has seized the attributes or national sovereignty and the people which finds itself deprived of the exercise of power. No personal relation can contradict this fundamental datum: that the French nation through its citizens opposes the existence of the Algerian nation. ” - Franz Fanon 

ART BY: Kevin Rashid Johnson. 

An exemplary summary of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism and the history of the International Communist Movement.

This document is written by the Communist Party of India (Maoist) and is used as a study guide for their cadre. It is an exemplary summary and outline of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism and the history of the International Communist Movement. We have reposted this because we feel that people can learn a lot from studying this informative text.

Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 2: What is Marxism-Leninism-Maoism

Chapter 3: Socio-economic Conditions Leading to the Birth of Marxism

Chapter 4: Early Life of Marx and Engels Until They Became Marxists

Chapter 5: The Three Sources of Marxism

Chapter 6: The Basic Foundations of Marxist Philosophy – Dialectical and Historical Materialism

Chapter 7: Struggle Against Utopian Socialism and the Establishment of Scientific Socialism

Chapter 8: Marxist Political Economy

Chapter 9: Marxism Fuses Its Links with the Working Class

Chapter 10: The Lessons of the Paris Commune

Chapter 11: Spread of Marxism and Rise of Opportunism

Chapter 12: Marxism in Russia – Early Life of Lenin

Chapter 13: Lenin and the Proletarian Party of a New Type

Chapter 14: Russian Bourgeois Revolution of 1905 – Development of Proletarian Tactics

Chapter 15: World War I – Opportunism v/s Revolutionary Tactics

Chapter 16: Lenin’s Analysis of Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism

Chapter 17: The Great October Socialist Revolution

Chapter 18: The Formation of the Third International

Chapter 19: The National and Colonial Question

Chapter 20: Early Life and Revolutionary Contributions of Stalin upto the 1917 Revolution

Chapter 21: Socialist Construction – the Russian Experience

Chapter 22: Fight against Trotskyism and Other Opportunist Trends

Chapter 23: Tactics During World War II

Chapter 24: Mao’s Early Years

Chapter 25: Mao’s Fight Against Right and ‘Left’ Lines and Victory of the Chinese Revolution

Chapter 26: The Path of Revolution for the Colonies and Semi-Colonies

Chapter 27: Mao on Philosophy

Chapter 28: Mao on The Party

Chapter 29: Socialist Construction – The Chinese Experience

Chapter 30: The Great Debate – Mao’s Fight Against Kruschev’s Modern Revisionism

Chapter 31: The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution

Chapter 32: After The Death of Mao

4

Today in History, May 23rd, 1957 —- Chairman Mao announces the beginning of The Great Leap Forward.

The Great Leap Forward was Chinese communist leader Mao Tse Tung’s pet project to rapidly industrialize and and collectivize China.  In essence, the Great Leap Forward was Mao’s plan to turn China into the communist utopia he fought for most of his life.  The project began with collectivization of the populace.  In a matter of months, 700 million people would divided up between almost 27,000 communes across the nation.  Each commune was assigned a party leader who oversaw the commune’s work and ensured planned quotas were met.  Private property was eliminated as was all forms of commerce.  The idea behind this was to eliminate class differences and make all citizens as equal as possible.  A part of the collectivization of the populace was the institution of a new agricultural revolution.  It was hoped that with collective efforts, the people could produce an overabundance of grain, which would help fuel a new industrial economy.

The second and most important goal of the Great Leap Foward was to rapidly industrialize the nation.  One of Mao’s obsessions was in the production of steel.  In fact it was his goal that in 15 years China would produce more steel than the United Kingdom and the United States. New steel factories and foundries were built all over China.  The obsession with steel production went so far that peasants were made to produce steel in special backyard furnaces.  For the most part these people, who grew up in a life of simple agriculture, had little to no education in metallurgy. As a result, most of the steel produced was of poor quality.

The life of a Chinese person living in a commune during The Great Leap Forward was pretty bleak.  Most time was spent working on the collective farm.  When not working on the farm they were typically making steel.  There was little to no free time, and eventually people were worked harder and harder as production quotas increased.  Many thousands of Chinese laborers were worked to death trying to meet impossible quotas.  Party leaders whose commune’s could not meet quotas, or who protested the tyranny of the quota system were executed.

The emphasis on steel production and industrialization had a terrible side effect.  After a few years of the Great Leap Forward steel production had hit record levels in China.  Unfortunately people cannot eat steel.  The mass numbers of workers employed in the steel industry caused there to be a deficit in the labor needed to grow food.  Worse yet, the new agricultural commune system was beginning to fail.  Harvest after harvest overworked and exhausted peasants produced less and less.  Part of Mao’s new agricultural plan depended on new farming machinery produced from China’s new steel industry.  However the poor quality steel that was produced caused machinery to break down easily and often.  

By 1959 the several regions of China began to face a terrible famine.  Millions began to starve.  In response the Chinese government did the unthinkable by increasing grain exports to enhance its international prestige.  This combined with drought and poor weather culminated in one of the worst famines in human history.  Between 1959 and 1961 between 20 million and 40 million people died of starvation.  Growing your own food was illegal, so people were often forced to eat tree bark, insects, weeds, and other marginal food sources.  In some instances the most desperate were forced to resort to cannibalism.  Another 2-3 million were executed for criticizing the program, even though it was clearly a failure.

Due to the failures of the Great Leap Forward, Mao Tse Tung was removed as head of the Communist Party and sidelined in the government.  He would later regain his position by creating a social-political movement called the “Cultural Revolution”, a propaganda movement designed to instill hard line communism into the country’s youth, and more importantly eliminate his enemies and critics.  The Cultural Revolution would lead to another two decades of death, torture, and tyranny under Chairman Mao.

3

”[…] class struggle is not merely an economic struggle, it is a struggle between the oppressed and the oppressor for control over the main means of production and the political life of society." [x]

Anuradha Ghandy was an Indian communist, writer, and revolutionary leader. She was a member of the banned Communist Party of India-Maoist. She was mostly involved in propaganda, and in CPI’s insurgency into urban areas. - Wikipedia

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