The Maned Wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus or lobo-guará in Brazil) isn’t actually a wolf, (or a fox, coyote, dog or jackal) but rather a distant canid, but close to bush dogs. Its believed that its the only survivor of its genus from the late Pleistocene extinction. It is found in the grass lands of South America and does not form packs. There is also a unique odor of the maned wolves urine, similar to the smell of cannabis or a musky skunk smell.
The maned wolf is the largest canine species in South America and closely resembles a red fox on stilts because of its long legs. It is neither a wolf, fox, coyote, or dog but rather a member of its own Chrysocyon genus, making it a truly unique animal. They possess a mane that runs from the back of the head to the shoulders which can be erected to intimidate other animals when displaying aggression or when they feel threatened.
Unlike other wolves that live in packs, maned wolves do not form or hunt in packs but prefer to live alone. Maned wolf is considered as the last surviving species of the Pleistocene Extinction, which wiped out all other large canids from the continent.
Maned wolves are the tallest wild canid in the world, standing over 3 feet tall at the shoulder. They are also the largest canid in South America, measuring 4 feet long and 44-55 pounds. The maned wolf is commonly thought of as a large red fox on stilts.
Finished this piece in one go last night! Maned wolves are interesting animals. They aren’t even wolves, despite their name, and if you’ve ever seen one they’re quite leggy and awkward for a canid! They have an amazing rust color that I find really appealing, and adorable huge ears. So I was really glad I got the chance to paint this anthro maned wolf, Cortez!
Finished illustration for SaWolf, of his Maned Wolf character Samael! I am so happy I got to paint this scene, it’s so peaceful and was so much fun to render. Glowing sunset, sparkling sand, the sounds of the waves lapping the lonely beach, and not a soul (other than a curious lizard who wonders what Samael is reading) to interrupt a good book. I found myself pining for the ocean while painting, and wishing I could be in a place as private and peaceful as this getaway.
The number of work-in-progress shots I have for this piece are enough that some steps are skipped in order to fit the limit for tumblr. I tried to choose the important or most interesting steps, and fill in the details with the image captions. Also, here’s a much bigger animated gif since the tumblr sized one here is a pretty puny.
While it might have a mane of sorts, the maned wolf is not a wolf. In fact, it’s not even a fox, even though it might look like a fox on stilts. Speaking of stilts, these guys are the tallest living canid, measuring up to 42 inches (106 cm) at the shoulder! Historically, the maned wolf was placed in the genera Canis and Vulpes (the wolves and foxes, respectively), because of superficial morphological similarities.
However, on further anatomical examination, and later, DNA analysis, the maned wolf was found to be unique in the genus Chrysocyon. There are no known extant or extinct species that come close to the maned wolf, though part of that is almost certainly due to a lack of fossilized remains - there may have been other members of the genus in the Pleistocene and Holocene that have not been found yet.
Currently, one of the most accepted theories on why the maned wolf is so unique is that it just happened to be the sole surviving species of its genus, during the Pleistocene (or Quaternary) extinction. That extinction event snuffed out all the large canids of South America, along with almost ¾ of all the large mammals living at that time.
The diet of this species may lend a clue as to how it survived the mass extinction: it’s extremely omnivorous. While they search out and eat birds, small mammals, and reptiles, they also eat berries, leaves, fruits, and tubers, and spread the seeds of many plants. Their diet also lends the maned wolf its nickname - the Skunk Wolf. They produce pyrazines and other musky plant derivatives that they spray about to mark territory. In fact, the smell of the maned wolf enclosure at the Rotterdam Zoo set off a search for marijuana, before they discovered the true source!
Proceedings of the Scientific Meetings of the Zoologic Society of London. Part III (May-June), 1877.