On May 14th, 1643, Louis XIII died, leaving his five-year-old son Louis XIV on the throne. Louis XIV, also popularly known as the Sun King (5 September 1638–1 September 1715) was the King of France and King of Navarre from 14 May 1643 until his death. He was a king for 72 years, the longest recorded rule of any European monarch, and is often seen as the typical example of absolutism.
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