Insects: Jim Lemon

On Monday, Jim Lemon came and talked to my Zoology class about insects. Some of the information I learned was:

Entomos: “that cut into pieces” (Entomology)

½ of 1% of insects impact human health and welfare

Insects have 3 body sections: head, thorax, and abdomen

They have an open circulation system

They have spiracular respiration

They go through metamorphosis

Ametabolous: no significant (fish)

Hemimetabolous: gradual change (insects)

Holometabdous: complete (butterfly)

Ectothermic: energy efficient

Their exoskeleton is water conservative: waxy epicuticle

The major orders are: coleoptera, lepidotera, diptera, and hymenoptera.

Coleoptera consists of beetles. There are 4,500 species of beetles in Ohio. There are 25,000 species of beetles in North America. Beetles are found in all major habitats except marine and polar habitats.

Lepidotera consists of butterflies, skippers, and moths. There are 10,000 species of butterflies in North America. There are 3,500 species of butterflies in Ohio. Butterflies are found on all continents except for Antarctica.

Diptera consists of true flies. There are 17,000 species of flies in North America. There are 3,000 species of flies in Ohio.

Hymenoptera consists of wasps, bees, and ants. There are 17,000 species in North America. There are 2,000 species in Ohio.

An insect’s sex is determined by the number of chromosomes they have.

Most insects are plant related.

All of the insects we talked about was: Blue Springtail, Catus Fly, Solitary Bee, Spring Adger, Six Spotted Tiger Beetle, Nanny Berry Beetle, Virginia Ctenucha, Trogus Pennator, Emerald Ash borer, Long Dash Skipper, Long Horn Milkweed Beetle, Green Levconyata, Orgia Toipunctulata, Great Leopard Moth, Feather Legged Fly, Mulberry Wing Skipper, Eel Moth, Empirical Moth, Robins Carpenter Worm Moth, Hummingbird Moth, Bumblebee Moth, Gold Bug, Wheel Bug, Hackberry Emporer, Slender Spread wing, Poison Ivy Saw Fly, Scorpion Fly, Phantom Crane Fly, Ambush Bug, Swift Set Wing, Little Yellow Butterfly, Tiger Fly, Red Headed Bush Cricket, Eastern Black Swallow Tail, Monarch Butterfly, Leaf Footed Bug, Walking Stick, Net Wing Beetle, Blister Beetle, Black Horned Tree Cricket, Soldier Beetle, Painted Lady Butterfly, and Harvester Butterfly.

Pictures: http://www.dreamstime.com/stock-photos-true-flies-image19635383 http://sf.funcheap.com/annual-butterfly-bird-festival-fremont/  http://www.johnston.k12.ia.us/schools/highschool/Mrs%20Burns%20JHS%20Website/IDKEY/coleoptera/coleoptera.html  http://blog.hygienesuppliesdirect.com/pest-control/get-rid-of-a-wasps-nest/