Opening today: Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955–1980 features architectural drawings, architectural models, vintage photographs, and film clips alongside newly commissioned models and photographs. 

[Installation view of Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955–1980 at The Museum of Modern Art, New York (March 29-July 19, 2015). Photo by Thomas Griesel. © 2015 The Museum of Modern Art, New York]

GRINGO GO HOME: a comprehensive list of (some) of the bullshit the u.s. has pulled on latinoamerica

this list is being published on december 27th; 2014. i’m 20y/o; argentinian, not associated with any particular political party. i don’t claim to know everything that’s happened or is happening in latin america and i welcome any addition from fellow latinxs.

i want u.s. intervention on my country and the rest of my continent to stop; and i want the usamerican people to be aware of the atrocities that your country has committed against ours. 

i strongly suggest thisisnotlatinx and fylatinamericanhistory for more readings on latinoamerican history, politics and why your country fucking sucks. now: the first part of this post is mostly historical events from 20 years or longer ago; the second part is about more recent events.

#murder cw, #torture cw, #sterilization cw, #police violence cw, #medical cw, #drugs mention cw (add any warning i missed, por favor)

 recent events:

EDIT:

  • Para colaborar menciono el golpe de estado a Jacobo Arvenz en 1954 impulsado por EEUU debido a las medidas proteccionistas en el pais que perjudicaba a la United Fruit Company (empresa PRIVADA) // “To collaborate, let me mention the coup d’etat against Jacobo Arvenz (Guatemala) in 1954, pushed by the US due to the protectionist motions that affected the United Fruit Company” - via thehawthornepassage
  • Por favor, no olvides el boicot económico que los Estados Unidos ejercieron sobre Argentina para forzar la caída del peronismo y evitar que Argentina se convirtiera en la potencia sudamericana que prometía ser en la primera mitad del siglo veinte. // “Please, don’t forget the economic boicot that the US used against Argentina to force the fall of Peronism and avoid Argentina becoming the south-American potency that it promised to be during the first half of the 20th century” - via olie-golden-wolf

  • Dominican Republic: Two Interventions and support to the worst dictatorship in the island. A lot of people say Trujillo was the most bloodiest mothefucker -pretty sure I made a mistake in those words but wathever- in America Latina. Thanks. - via juanitastar
  • American invasions/occupations of the Dominican Republic: 1916-1924; 1965-1966 (let’s be real the US never left)
    Also this gem:
    "Rafael Leonidas Trujillo, the brutal dictator who ruled the country with Washington’s blessing for 31 years.  Trujillo used the U.S.-trained National Guard to banish, torture or kill his opponents.  As President Franklin Roosevelt’s secretary of state, Cordell Hull famously said of Trujillo: "He may be a son-of-a-bitch, but he is our son-of-a-bitch." - 40 years later, U.S. invasion still haunts Dominican Republic  - via @212023

 also; as of today, the list of USAmerican military bases; training locations and planned military programs on latinoamerican soil includes the following (sources and readings on why you should be angry and worried: [x] [x] [x] [x])

  • cuba (guantánamo)
  • puerto rico 
  • colombia
  • perú 
  • aruba
  • curaçao 
  • paraguay
  • brazil
  • el salvador
  • honduras
  • haiti
  • las bahamas
  • antigua y barbuda
  • ecuador
  • bolivia

EDIT: this list had originally included costa rica, but, as someone pointed out, the military pact that the US had started talking about w/costa rica’s government was never actually acted upon (“In June 2002 the United States signed an agreement with Costa Rica for an International Law Enforcement Academy, but popular movements have so far prevented the pact’s ratification. - [x]

7

Painting the Town with @ruiamaral_

For more photos from Rui, follow @ruiamaral_ on Instagram.

“For me, graffiti only exists if it’s illegal, related to activism, education or other social projects,” says São Paulo artist Rui Amaral (@ruiamaral_). Considered one of Brazil’s graffiti pioneers, Rui began his work as a graffiti artist over 40 years ago when he was a young teenager, where local police often chased him off. By the time he was 20, his art became a means of activism. “I started doing graffiti to protest against the social conditions of Brazilians living in a dictatorship,” he says.

Nowadays, Rui has channeled his passion for activism and graffiti into creating one of Latin America’s largest street art murals. The project, found along 23 de Maio (#23demaio) highway in São Paulo, is a combined effort of more than 450 artists and sprawls over 5,000 square meters (53,800 square feet). Rui compares the collaboration of street artists to effortless jazz improvisation: “It’s very common for different artists to meet up without a plan and end up painting a mural together.”

The mural is just the beginning of a larger dream where Rui hopes street art becomes even more integrated into the city. “I want to create a center for urban arts in São Paulo,” says Rui, “with a specialized street art school and library, as well as areas for exhibitions.”

thru April 5:

New Territories
 Laboratories for Design, Craft and Art in Latin America

Museum of Arts and Design (MAD), 2 Columbus Circle, NYC

explores the collaborations between small manufacturing operations and craftspersons, artists, and designers, and demonstrates how the resulting work addresses not only the issues of commodification and production, but also of urbanization, displacement and sustainability. The exhibition will explore a number of key themes, including: the dialogue between contemporary trends and artistic legacies in Latin American art; the use of repurposed materials in strategies of upcycling; the blending of digital and traditional skills; and the reclamation of personal and public space.

pictured:
Lucia Cuba, Artículo 6, Cotton canvas, thread, digital printing, hand & machine sewing.

A Copper Bedrail Could Cut Back On Infections For Hospital Patients

Checking into a hospital can boost your chances of infection. That’s a disturbing paradox of modern medical care.

And it doesn’t matter where in the world you’re hospitalized. From the finest to the most rudimentary medical facilities, patients are vulnerable to new infections that have nothing to do with their original medical problem. These are referred to as healthcare-acquired infections, healthcare-associated infections or hospital-acquired infections. Many of them, like pneumonia or methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), can be deadly.

The World Health Organization estimates that “each year, hundreds of millions of patients around the world are affected” by healthcare-acquired infections. In the United States, the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion in the Health and Human Services Department estimates that 1 in 25 inpatients has a hospital-related infection. In developing countries, estimates run higher.

Hospital bed safety railings are a major source of these infections. That’s what Constanza Correa, 33, and her colleagues have found in their research in Santiago, Chile. They’ve taken on the problem by replacing them, since 2013, with railings made of copper, an anti-microbial element.

Copper definitely wipes out microbes. “Bacteria, yeasts and viruses are rapidly killed on metallic copper surfaces, and the term “contact killing” has been coined for this process,” wrote the authors of an article on copper inApplied and Environmental Microbiology. That knowledge has been around a very long time. The journal article cites an Egyptian medical text, written around 2600-2000 B.C., that cites the use of copper to sterilize chest wounds and drinking water.

Continue reading.

Photo: A copper bedrail can kill germs on contact. (Courtesy of CopperBioHealth)

9

The Feasts of San Pacho

Late September to early October marks a period of great festivities in the costal city of Quibdó, the capital of Colombia’s Chocó department. During this time, the people of Quibdó take part in celebrations in honor of their patron saint Francis of Assisi, who they affectionately refer to as San Pacho.

Chocó is the department with the most black Colombians per capita, with around 90% of the population identifying as Afro-Colombian, descendants of enslaved Africans brought to the pacific coast of the country to work in gold mines during the colonial era. The region unlike many others in Colombia was never viewed as a suitable area for settlement by Europeans, mainly due to the vast jungles surrounding it. For this reason the black population of Chocó have been able to preserve much of their African traditions and remain relatively unmixed. The preservation of these ancestral traditions has lead to a syncretism between Catholicism and African animism, an example of this syncretism is clearly present throughout the festivities of San Pacho.

During the events the streets of the city are decorated with banners and flags and heave with parades full of brightly colored costumes showing African and Caribbean influence, with brass and drum bands following throughout. Each of the city’s 12 “barrios” erects an altar in its center with candles and images of the saint. Over the course of the celebrations which include a “disco tribute” to the saint, each barrio takes responsibility for the festivities and hosts a party with exhibitions and performances, music, dancing and food. After two weeks of eating, drinking and dancing, the city wakes up to silence on October 4th, the Saint’s Day. The music is turned off and the prayers begin while a massive procession of worshipers parade the saint throughout the city, until it reaches the cathedral where a long ceremony is carried out, which includes the performance of ritual dances.

 
6

Creative Climbing with @brungraciano

To see more of Bruno’s photos from high altitudes, follow @brungraciano on Instagram.

“In most sports, you either win or lose. But climbing is about your own personal experience,” says 28-year-old Brazilian rock climber and photographer Bruno Graciano (@brungraciano). Bruno began climbing at the age of 15 near his hometown in Minas Gerais. Back then, his mother encouraged him to focus on his schoolwork. “Like any good mother, she would say, ‘Go study, there is no future in climbing,’” Bruno recalls.

Although Bruno is a seasoned climber, he is no stranger to fear. “I have been scared many times,” he says. “The danger of heights and the emptiness beneath you me are constants, but the confidence in my equipment gives me the reassurance I need to keep going.”

Nowadays, Bruno has found his calling as a professional photographer focused on outdoor sports, allowing him to combine his passion for photography with his athletic skills. Although Bruno has climbed in several different countries, one of his favorite climbing spots is Serra do Cipó, in his native Brazil. “The views are surreal and you can find climbers from all different backgrounds and skill levels there,” he says. Climbing in Brazil is different from other places, especially due to the country’s soaring daytime temperatures. “To adapt to the heat, we often climb at night,” Bruno explains. Like photography, climbing allows Bruno to get creative. “Every climb is different, and you are always faced with something new,” he says. “That is very inspiring.”

youtube

War and Nation Building in Latin America: Crash Course World History 225

In which John Green teaches you about nation building and nationalism in Latin America. Sometimes, the nations of Latin America get compared to the nations of Europe, and are found wanting. This is kind of a silly comparison. The rise of democratic, economically powerful nations in Europe came about under a very different set of circumstances than the way nations arose in Latin America, so the regions are necessarily a lot different. But why? John will explore whether it was a lack of international war which impeded Latin America’s growth, which sounds like a crazy thing to say, but you should hear him out.

"I never knew what the big deal with representation was. As a Latin American girl, I never felt bothered because I didn’t get to see a Princess who looked like me. It didn’t stop me from admiring Mulan and adopting her as a role model; it was a never an impediment. You’re supposed to identify with their general character, not the skin color. However, I recently discovered  Moana and I felt really happy, then I got it. It just struck me. That’ s what representation feels like."

4

Assassination of 4 Student Leaders in Honduras Prompts Protests | TeleSur

Soad Ham, a 13-year-old student leader of the Central Institute of Tegucigalpa who participated in the student protests against the Honduran government in the last two weeks, was found tortured and killed inside a plastic bag Wednesday. 

On Thursday, the opposition Libre Party called for protests against the assassination Ham and 3 other student leaders this week. The largest public high schools in the country have been protesting against the decision to change the class schedule, which will mean that the students in the afternoon will leave their schools at 7 p.m. – a very dangerous hour for students to be on the streets of Latin America’s most dangerous city.

 Public high schools are generally located in areas riddled with crime, and there is no public transportation services at those hours. Moreover, many students live in dangerous areas where organized crime has established curfew hours. 

Education 

The decision was taken by Marlon Escoto, Education Minister, who argued that adding five minutes to each class would improve the quality of education in the country. Students criticized the decision however, saying that in many class rooms there are not even enough chairs students. 

The students, along with teachers and parents have been demanding changes to the education system and protests have often been met with repression from police. The murder of the students has moved other groups to become more active in the issue. 

"We came here in solidarity with the families of the victims that have lost their lives in this student struggle and we want to denounce this ridiculous state that we have in Honduras,” said former President Manuel Zelaya, who is now coordinator of the Libre Party. “They are directly responsible for the existence of death squads, because they protect them with their silence, they protect them knowing they exist."

(Read Full Text)

8

Drawing photographic blueprints with @mireneelton

For more photos from Mirene, follow @mireneelton.

Chilean architect Mirene Elton (@mireneelton) is constantly building something, and her photography is no exception. “I enjoy erasing elements like the sky or some other part of the context to highlight another element,” says Mirene, who uses an editing app to play with contrasts in color that sometimes obscure parts of an image entirely. “My photographs are more graphic pictures than realistic images.” Mirene uses her camera to draw as she might on her blueprints. “A common characteristic in my pictures is that they tend to capture planes, similar to the way architecture is technically drawn in frontal views,” she says. “I usually capture an image with little or no use of perspective.”

Capturing images of Chile’s diverse landscapes has also inspired her studio work. “I think my formation as an architect and my love for photography have made a good blend. Both complement each other and make me see architecture and nature in a different way.”

Mirene’s love for photography dates back to when she was very young and had a darkroom at home to develop her black-and-white photographs. “I also had a big collection of color slides that I took for several years, with a manual camera,” she says. “At the time I used to project the slides on a white wall, and enjoyed watching them with my friends.” When photography turned digital, Mirene found it became more difficult to share her work. “It was possible to take lots of photographs and keep them safe on your computer, but it was not easy to share them with other people,” she says. Later, Instagram became a bit like her old slide viewing parties, inspiring her to explore shooting with her smartphone. “It became an easy way to share pictures with other people.”