Rhacophorus lateralis: a species with an inusual nesting behavior

Rhacophorus lateralis (Rhacophoridae) is a very rare frog endemic to India. Two color morphs of the species have been observed, one morph with a dominantly green dorsum (was shown in the photo), and the other with  brown dorsum with a mixture of varying shades of green.

It is an arboreal frog with a specialized nest building behavior, unique among Rhacophorus species. A purse-like nest is made over water by folding a single leaf around the egg mass (embryos and translucent foam) by the female alone after oviposition. The function of this parental investment is to prevent desiccation of eggs in open sunlight. 

In 204, the IUCN assessed this species as Endangered and considered its range to be restricted to two small areas of Wyanad and Coorg in southern Western Ghats of India. However, in 2009 this species was reported also from Shanthi Estate, Coorg; and, in 2010 from the surroundings of Bhadra Tiger Reserve and Kudremukh National Park.

References: [1] - [2] - [3] - [4]

Photo credit: ©Vipin Baliga

Locality: Virajpet, Karnataka, Western Ghats, India.

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Οι Tool σ’αρέσουν; Ωραία. Το koto σου αρέσει; Όχι, δεν είναι σάντουιτς, όργανο είναι. Ιαπωνικό. Ωραία. Βάλε λοιπόν 8 ειδικούς του koto να σου παίξουν κάτι και μη περιμένεις να σου παίξουν κάνα Ιαπωνικό παραδοσιακό. Θα σου παίξουν το Lateralis των Tool. Μη το υπεραναλύεις γιατί.


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  The syllables of Keenan's lyrics in the verses form parts of the Fibonacci  
  sequence. The number of syllables progress from the 1st to the 6th step of  
  the sequence, descends down to the 1st step, up to the 7th step, and        
  finally back down to the 4th step. By the way did you notice how the time   
  signatures of the chorus relates to the 16th step of the sequence, which    
  is the number of "987"?                                                     
  The Fibonacci sequence: 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144, 233,     
  377, 610, 987...                                                           
   [1] black                                                                  
   [1] then                                                                   
   [2] white are                                                              
   [3] all I see                                                              
   [5] in my infancy                                                          
   [8] red and yellow then came to be                                         
   [5] reaching out to me                                                     
   [3] lets me see                                                            
   [2] there is                                                               
   [1] so                                                                     
   [1] much                                                                   
   [2] more and                                                               
   [3] beckons me                                                             
   [5] to look through to these                                               
   [8] infinite possibilities                                                 
 [13] as below so above and beyond I imagine                                 
   [8] drawn outside the lines of reason                                      
   [5] push the envelope                                                      
   [3] watch it bend                                                          
  The Fibonacci sequence shares some mathematical relations with Phi (it's a  
  bit complex...!), which is a mystic number that many structures in nature   *
  are designed from. It is somehow used to describe the introvert progression 
  of a spiral. Maynard mentions spirals a couple of times later, doesn't he?  
  Another theory is the order of colours seen on an LSD trip. Alex Grey       
  (the Rather spiritualistic artist who did the album artwork) stated when    
  he closed his eyes on an LSD trip, he saw a black and white spiral,         
  and when he tried it a few more times it became a red and yellow spiral.    
Spiral out, Keep going

All this talk about starting new because of the new year… hell I’m doing it too. Perhaps it seems like the time is easiest to do it now. But I’ve been reminding myself as I’ve been preparing to get ready for the new year that I must always be ready to take what life throws at me. I cringe as I type that last sentence because deep down I am still hurting from what has happened in 2011. Whenever I need inspiration to move on and keep going, I listen to Lateralis by Tool. There is no other song in my life that helps me understand that I must accept the spiral of life and accept that the craziness that happens to me should be embraced.

I feel like this song is the theme song to my life. Sometimes I feel like I have no control over what’s happening, whether it’s kidney disease, getting kicked out of nursing school, etc. This song helped me this year. I felt like I had no identity and I had no plan in the world of what I was going to do with my life. I still have minimal plans besides graduate school. This song says embrace the random in your life-whether it is that relapse, maybe you’ll learn something important from it and to “ride the spiral..we may just go where no one’s been”-maybe I’ll accomplish something great I never would have known because of public health. “Spiral out, keep going”-and when you think everything is lost and nothing can be saved, keep going. Embrace the loss of control, you will learn something. And dont give up. Accept you have no control, accept the randomness of life and embrace it. This makes me feel better.

"Feed my will to feel this moment, urging me to cross the line. Reaching out to embrace the random, reaching out to embrace whatever may come.

I embrace my desire to feel the rhythm, to feel connected, enough to step aside and weep like a widow, to feel inspired, to fathom the power, to witness the beauty, to bathe in the fountain, to swing on the spiral.

With my feet upon the ground I lose myself between the sounds and open wide to suck it in, I feel it move across my skin. I’m reaching up and reaching out, I’m reaching for the random or what ever will bewilder me, whatever will be willed on me. And following our will and wind we may just go where no one’s been. Ride the spiral to the end, we may just go where no one’s been.

Spiral out. Keep going, going”