In Mesopotamian mythology, Lamashtu was a female demon, monster, malevolent goddess or demigoddess who menaced women during childbirth and, if possible, kidnapped children while they were breastfeeding.
She would gnaw on their bones and suck their blood, as well as being charged with a number of other evil deeds.

 Pazuzu Amulet, Assyrian, 799–600 BC

(Pazuzu was the inspiration for the demon who possesses Regan in 1973 film The Exorcist.)

The deity Pazuzu was an Assyrian and Babylonian demonic god of the 1st millennium BC. He normally has a dog-like face like here, and where his body is depicted he has a scaly torso, a snake-headed penis, the talons of a bird and usually wings. He is often regarded as an evil underworld demon, but he seems also to have played a beneficent role as a protector against disease-bearing winds (especially the west wind). He was closely associated with the demoness Lamashtu who stole babies from their mother’s womb or when newly born. Pazuzu acted to counter her evil: he forced her back to the underworld. Amulets of Pazuzu like this were therefore placed in dwellings and attached to bedroom furniture. Smaller versions were hung around the necks of pregnant women.

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Gods of Pathfinder RPG:

Iomedae, the Inheritor, goddess of justice and honor
Sarenrae, the Dawnflower, goddess of the sun and healing
Cayden Cailean, the Drunken Hero, god of freedom and bravery
Abadar, the Master of the First Vault, god of cities and wealth
Nethys, the All-Seeing Eye, god of magic
Gorum, Our Lord in Iron, god of war and strength
Zon-Kuthon, the Midnight Lord, god of darkness and pain
Urgathoa, the Pallid Princess, goddess of disease and undeath
Lamashtu, the Mother of Monsters, goddess of madness and nightmares

Bronze Amulet

Neo-Assyrian

c. 800-600 BC

Found: Iraq

  • Height: 10.55 centimetres
  • Width: 7.2 centimetres

This head was probably suspended close to a woman in labour, for protection against the female demon Lamashtu. A ‘bronze Pazuzu’, presumably an amulet much smaller than this, is prescribed to be worn for this purpose, and a stone Pazuzu is reported to have been part of a necklace found within a grave. When applied to clothes, bronze fibulae - brooch-like safety-pins - bearing the head of Pazuzu probably protected mother and baby. Plaques of various materials show Pazuzu repelling Lamashtu, while offerings such as a fibula provide a further incentive for her to leave.

Source: British Museum

Babylonian Protective Amulet

This amulet made from red jasper has an inscription intended protect against the malevolent goddess Lamashtu, who targeted unborn and newborn babies. Amulets such as this one were designed to be worn by the mother, though others were also made to be worn by the baby. At the top of this amulet is an illustration showing Lamashtu on the back of a horse. Below the illustration are 10 lines of Akkadian cuneiform that list her various epithets (e.g., Daughter of Anu, Dagger that Smashes the Head) and end with a seventh “name” that is a plea for her to be exorcised by the great gods. (Source.)

Babylonian, c. 1000-600 BCE.

Schoyen Collection, MS 2779.

Image from the Schoyen Collection website.

In Mesopotamian mythology, Lamashtu was a female demon, monster, malevolent goddess or demigoddess who menaced women during childbirth and, if possible, kidnapped children while they were breastfeeding. She would gnaw on their bones and suck their blood, as well as being charged with a number of other evil deeds. She was a daughter of the Sky God Anu.

Lamashtu is depicted as a mythological hybrid, with a hairy body, a lioness’ head with donkey’s teeth and ears, long fingers and fingernails, and the feet of a bird with sharp talons. She is often shown standing or kneeling on a donkey, nursing a pig and a dog, and holding snakes. She thus bears some functions and resemblance to the Mesopotamian demon Lilith.

THE DARK SIDE OF MYTH & FOLKLORE: LAMASHTU

In Mesopotamian mythology, Lamashtu was the daughter of Anu, the sky god, and a demon who sought to harm pregnant women, babies, and children. She was also said to bring nightmares, kill plants, and spread pestilence.

Pregnant Mesopotamian women often wore amulets of Pazuzu, Lamashtu’s rival (though he was sometimes depicted as her husband) for protection.

mfw Lamashtu is pathfinder’s mother of monsters

mfw Lamashtu slew the old god of Beasts and absorbed his power

mfw Lamashtu doesn’t just have “monsters” as one of her domains when it’s a viable domain with plenty of spells to fill it out

mfw Lamashtu doesn’t even have the animal domain

You took a three eyed jackal demon god with the epithet “Grandmother of Monsters” and fucked it up, how in the world was that possible.

Plaque for protection against the female demon Lamashtu, Neo-Assyrian, 934-612 BC, made of bronze.

Intended to be hung over the patient’s bed, this plaque afforded protection from the terrible female demon Lamashtu, who appears on the front. She was believed to cause many illnesses. Her husband Pazuzu, shown on the back, is invoked to persuade her to go away and thus speed the patient’s recovery.

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Assyrian Dark Brown Diorite Lamashtu Plaque.
Assyria; 8th-7th Century BC; Height 1.6 inches; Width 2.1 inches.

This dark brown diorite magical plaque is finely carved in high raised relief on both sides with protective scenes concerning disease and healing. It contains the upper half of the original plaque with a drilled suspension hole.

Front: the female bringer of disease, Lamashtu, is shown standing in the nude with the head of a roaring lion and donkey ears. She is preserved from the stomach up. She holds two double-headed snakes in each of her raised hands as she suckles dogs at her naked breasts. Above her are images of a sick bedridden man and a bowl. A lit lamp and a tall vase are on her right and left sides.

Back: a procession of seven demons with human bodies and animal heads moves to the right. At the head of the line, a lion-headed demon holds a knife in his raised right hand, approaching an altar with a bird. He grasps the bird’s feet in its left hand, and is about to sacrifice it. In the sky are symbols of four Assyrian astral divinities including (from left to right): Sin (crescent moon), Pleiades (seven dots), Ishtar (eight-pointed star on disc) and Ashur (winged sun disc), the state god of Assyria.

This rare magical plaque was used to ward off Lamashtu and the diseases she brought. Similar examples can be found in the collection of the British Museum in London.

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