james-vi-of-scotland

On This Day In History~ March 24th

1603; The death of Elizabeth I

Elizabeth’s senior adviser, Burghley, died on 4 August 1598. His political mantle passed to his son, Robert Cecil, who soon became the leader of the government. One task he addressed was to prepare the way for a smooth succession. Since Elizabeth would never name her successor, Cecil was obliged to proceed in secret.He therefore entered into a coded negotiation with James VI of Scotland, who had a strong but unrecognised claim. Cecil coached the impatient James to humour Elizabeth and “secure the heart of the highest, to whose sex and quality nothing is so improper as either needless expostulations or over much curiosity in her own actions”. The advice worked. James’s tone delighted Elizabeth, who responded: “So trust I that you will not doubt but that your last letters are so acceptably taken as my thanks cannot be lacking for the same, but yield them to you in grateful sort”.

The Queen’s health remained fair until the autumn of 1602, when a series of deaths among her friends plunged her into a severe depression. In February 1603, the death of Catherine Howard, Countess of Nottingham, the niece of her cousin and close friend Catherine, Lady Knollys, came as a particular blow. In March, Elizabeth fell sick and remained in a “settled and unremovable melancholy”. She died on 24 March 1603 at Richmond Palace, between two and three in the morning. A few hours later, Cecil and the council set their plans in motion and proclaimed James VI of Scotland as James I of England.

Elizabeth’s coffin was carried downriver at night to Whitehall, on a barge lit with torches. At her funeral on 28 April, the coffin was taken to Westminster Abbey on a hearse drawn by four horses hung with black velvet. In the words of the chronicler John Stow:

Westminster was surcharged with multitudes of all sorts of people in their streets, houses, windows, leads and gutters, that came out to see the obsequy, and when they beheld her statue lying upon the coffin, there was such a general sighing, groaning and weeping as the like hath not been seen or known in the memory of man.

Elizabeth was interred in Westminster Abbey in a tomb she shares with her half-sister, Mary. The Latin inscription on their tomb, “Regno consortes & urna, hic obdormimus Elizabetha et Maria sorores, in spe resurrectionis”, translates to “Consorts in realm and tomb, here we sleep, Elizabeth and Mary, sisters, in hope of resurrection”.

It annoys the hell outta me when people either assume there wasn’t, or tend to forget that there was a Stewart (Stuart) line in Scotland too thats where i all began! Where do you think that James VI (I of England) came from?! Or do you think they just called him the Sixth for the shits and giggles?! Unless it’s Mary Queen of Scots the others are forgotten. But then it’s not English history so why should people give a shit?! 

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House of Stuart | Broken Crown

The Royal Progenei of our most sacred King James 1603

Published by Hans Woutneel and Compton Holland
Print made by Benjamin Wright

Genealogical tree of James I in five rows, with James and Anne at the top and Henry VII and Elizabeth at the bottom; in the corners the arms of England and Scotland, and of Lancaster and York. (click on image to see larger version)

On this date in 1707, the Acts of Union joined the Kingdoms of England and Scotland into the Kingdom of Great Britain. They had shared a single monarch for a hundred years since Queen Elizabeth I died childless, and James VI of Scotland became James I of England. The Acts of Union combined their two parliaments into one. Many Scots were unhappy with the union, but as historian Simon Schama said, “What began as a hostile merger, would end in a full partnership in the most powerful going concern in the world … it was one of the most astonishing transformations in European history.”

Hours after Elizabeth I died, on 24 March 1603, King James VI of Scotland was proclaimed King James I of England, thus unifying the English and Scottish crowns. The Kingdoms of England and Scotland remained individual sovereign states with their own parliaments, judiciary, and laws, though both were ruled by James in personal union.

Fun fun fact time: Geillis Duncan

There was a real Geillis Ducan who was executed for witchcraft in the North Berwick witch trails in Scotland 1590.

She was accused by her employer for using witchcraft to create storms to stop James VI from returning to Scotland with his bride, princess Anne. She was tortured until she confessed.

Engraving depicting the heresies and trial of the North Berwick Witches and their leaders Dr. John Fian and Francis Stewart, the 5th Earl of Bothwell—from King James VI of Scotland’s Newes from Scotland: Declaring the Damnable Life and Death of Dr. John Fian (artist unknown, 1591).


(via Strange Company & Wikipedia)

Wolf Hall Asks

Put a Tudor monarch(s) in my box and I’ll tell you all my Wolf Hall feels

Henry VII=  Favorite male character
Elizabeth of York
Favorite female character
Arthur, Prince of Wales
= Favorite ship
Catharine of Aragon
=   Least favorite male character
Henry VIII=
least favorite female character
Anne Boleyn=
most historically accurate character
Jane Seymour=
first character you fell in love with
Anne of Cleeves=
character you never expected to love as much as you do
Catherine Howard=
character you never expected to dislike as much as you do
Catherine Parr=
favorite scene
Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scots=
favorite antagonist
Mary Tudor, Queen of France=
a couple you ship that no one else does
Mary I of England=
favorite head canon
Elizabeth I of England=
character you’d like to see more of
Edward VI of England=
best frenemies
James V of Scotland=
brotp
Mary Queen of Scots=
sexiest character
James I of England=
funniest character





Rocking Horse

English 

Probably belonged to King Charles I

Charles was born in 1600, the second son of James VI and I. He was a delicate child, with difficulties in speaking and walking, and the household accounts list the making of a type of wheelchair for his use. He was still unable to walk when his father created him Duke of York in 1605. Sir Robert and Lady Carey, his guardians between 1605 and 1611, arranged remedial treatment, and it has been suggested that this may have included a rocking horse to provide exercise and strengthen his legs. If this horse were his, it would probably date from 1605-08. By 1610 he had made great progress in mobility, and could walk, ride, take tennis coaching from Master Jehu Webb, and dance.

World History: Absolutism

Absolute monarchy or absolutism is a monarchical form of government in which the monarch has absolute power among his or her people. An absolute monarch wields unrestricted political power over the sovereign state and its people. Absolute monarchies are often hereditary but other means of transmission of power are attested. Absolute monarchy differs from limited monarchy, in which the monarch’s authority is legally bound or restricted by a constitution.

In theory, the absolute monarch exercises total power over the land, yet in practice the monarchy is counterbalanced by political groups from among the social classes and castes of the realm, such as the aristocracy, clergy, bourgeoisie, and proletarians.

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Descendants of King Henry VII
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Henry VII’s elder surviving daughter Margaret was married first to James IV of Scotland (reigned 1488–1513). Their son became James V of Scotland (reigned 1513–42), whose daughter became Mary, Queen of Scots (reigned 1542–67).
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Margaret Tudor’s second marriage was to Archibald Douglas; their grandson, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley married Mary, Queen of Scots. Their son, James VI of Scotland (reigned 1567–1625), inherited the throne of England as James I (reigned 1603–25) after the death of Henry’s granddaughter, Elizabeth I (reigned 1558–1603). After divorcing Douglas, her third and final marriage was to Henry Stewart, with whom she had another daughter, Dorothea Stewart.
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Henry VII’s other surviving daughter, Mary first married King Louis XII of France (reigned 1498–1515), who died after only about three months of marriage. She then married the Duke of Suffolk without the permission of her brother, now King Henry VIII. Their daughter Frances married Henry Grey, & her children included Lady Jane Grey, in whose name her parents & in-laws tried to seize the throne after Edward VI of England (reigned 1547–53) died.
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The current monarch of the United Kingdom, Elizabeth II, is a direct descendant of Henry VII. The daughter of Henry’s double-great-great grandson James I/VI, Elizabeth Stuart, was the mother of Sophia of Hanover whose descendants were the monarchs of the House of Hanover & the succeeding House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha/Windsor.
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