invinite

Past Perfect Tense

haber -  to have (imperfect; meaning “had”)

había     |     habíamos

_______|___________   

habías   |      habíais  

había    |      habían 

 
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Past Participle

Invinitive - ending (-ar,-er, or -ir) + ado (for -ar verbs) or + ido (for -er, or -ir verbs)

Some words have irregular past participle forms.

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The past perfect tense is used when a past action was completed prior to another past action. Expressions such as “ya” (already), “antes” (before), “nunca” (never), “todavía” (still, yet) and “después” (after) will often appear in sentences where one action was completed before another.

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Ella había ganado más dinero. (She had earned more money.)

Había oído cosas en la calle. (I had heard things on the street.)

Ya lo habíamos establecido. (We had already established it.)

Ustedes habían venido de la ciudad. Tú habías venido de la ciudad. ( You had come from the city.)

Habíamos oído eso. (We had heard that.)

Present Perfect Tense

Haber - “has or have”

He   |   Hemos

____|________

Has  |   Habéis

Ha    |   Han

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Past Participle

Invinitive - ending (-ar,-er, or -ir) + ado (for -ar verbs) or + ido (for -er, or -ir verbs)

Some words have irregular past participle forms.

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- Used to describe what a person has done. (it has been completed prior to present time.)

- As an adjective: must agree with number & gender of the nouns they modify.

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Eso lo hemos establecido. (We have established that.)

Nunca he estado en Europa. (I have never been to Europe.)

¿Has cocinado en esa cocina? (Have you cooked in that kitchen?)

Nos han dado dinero. (They have given us money.)

Esto me ha tocado mucho. (This has touched me a lot.)

¿Ha terminado usted? (Have you finished?)