“The connection with Hermes is attested in the remarkable relief from Philippopolis (Cončev 1954, 15-20; Tacheva-Hitova 1982, 267-70; Fol 1994, 286-88), where Pan is also pictured. Hermes (as well as Pan) is one excellent indication of the connection with death, death itself as a chthonic idea, which is a way to immortality. This monument dating back tothe 3rd c. and is unprecedented in the imagery of Sabazios, in which the story appears in two figurative fields: re-confirmation of the “chthonic-solar” transition in the Heros with the“Phrygian” hat and the strobile in the hand on the lower level, while the upper level is organised around the “Phrygian” (according to iconographic indications) Sabazios, crowned with strobiles. The chthonic deity is moving from death towards new life, moving upwards in the semantic fields,and occupies the highest place, becoming a Uranic deity, the “Thracian god Cosmocrator” (a of Tacheva-Hitova relevant to that age; Tacheva-Hitova 1982, 270).”
— Ruja Popova, The Cult of Sabazios in the North Black Sea - Via Thrace?