Ὀγδόη Μεσοῦντος/ Ὀγδόη ἐπὶ δέκα / Όκτωκαιδεκάτη, XVIII day
From today’s sunset: eighteenth day of Anthesterion.

The eighteenth is always dedicated to purifications and apotropaic rites.
“The traditional laws of the Athenians have attributed the eighteenth as well as the nineteenth to the lustral and apotropaic rituals, as told by Philochorus and <***>, both interpreters of the uses of their Ancestors. So, perhaps for this reason, Hesiod says that this day is sacred, and especially after noon, because this part of the day is suitable for the purifications…”
Scholia Erga, 810

(Hydrophoria: On the left is a building with a Doric column; an aryballos is suspended from the entablature. On the wall to the left is a fountain with a lion’s head spout: on the ground is a hydria. In the field is inscribed: KAΛE. Outside is a maiden to left, with long tresses, fillet, and diapered chiton with diploidion; above her, MNEΣIΛA, behind her, EΛETEIEΛN (?). Next to right a group of two similar female figures standing face to face and conversing; the first has a striped himation, fillet, and hydria on her head; the other has a striped chiton with diploidion, and fillet, and carries an empty hydria horizontally on her head. Between them, above, ΡΟΔΟΝ; below, EΛETEIEN. Behind the third figure, above, AMAT ; below EΛETEΛEIEN. Further to the right, a second pair conversing, with hands extended; the first has an embroidered chiton with diploidion, and hydria upright on her head, the second a diapered chiton with diploidion, and hydria horizontal on her head; both have long hair with fillets. Above, EDIΣ; below, Άνθύλ(λ)η καλή. (Cf. Jahn, Vasens. zu Mimchen, p. 100, No. 333.) British Museum)

Τρίτη Μεσοῦντος/ Τρισκαιδεκάτη/ Τρίτη ἐπὶ δέκα, XIII day

From today’s sunset: thirteenth day of Anthesterion.
III day of Anthesteria: Khytroi, ‘Pots’
“The festival used to be celebrated on the thirteenth [day] of [the month] Anthesterion, according to Philochorus.” (Philochorus FGrH 328 F84)

“In it they would boil every [kind of] seed in a pot and sacrifice it to Dionysus and to Hermes. Theopompus says that those who had been saved from the flood boiled a pot of every kind of seeds, whence the festival is thus named, and that it is customary for them in the course of the festival (sc. the Pots) to sacrifice … to Chthonic Hermes; but that no one eats from the pot. [He says] those who had been saved did this, propitiating Hermes on behalf of those who died also.”
Suda s.v. Χύτροι

“Hydrophoria: festival of the Athenians for those who died during the deluge.”
“He (Sulla) took Athens, as he says himself in his Memoirs, on the Calends of March, a day which corresponds very nearly with the first of the month Anthesterion. In this month, as it happens, the Athenians perform many rites commemorating the destruction and devastation caused by the flood, believing that the ancient deluge occurred at about this time.”
“An enclosure of Earth surnamed Olympian. Here the floor opens to the width of a cubit, and they say that along this bed flowed off the water after the deluge that occurred in the time of Deucalion, and into it they cast every year wheat meal mixed with honey.”
(Apoll. Ach. 365f4; Plut. Silla 14.6; Paus. 1. 18. 7)

‘Khytrinoi agones’: contests between comic actors; ‘limnomachai’ between children and youths; choral dances.
(Hesych. s.v. limnomachai; schol. 218 Frogs; Call. fr. 305 Pfeiffer; Philostr. Vit. Apoll. 4.21)

Aiora-Aletis
“Observing the annual commemoration for the daughter of Icarios- your day, Erigone, you who are lamented by the maidens of Attica- he will invite his friends to the banquet.” (Callim. Aet. fr. 178.1-5.)

Θύραζε Κᾶρες, οὐκ ἔτ’ Ἀνθεστήρια
“outdoors, spirits, the Anthesteria are over.” On the basis that during the Anthesteria the souls would be wandering throughout the city.”
(Suda s.v. Θύραζε; Zenob. Ath. I, 30 p. 352 Miller)

(Dionysos and a Goddess (the Mother of the Gods?); from Attica, about 380 B.C. now in the Boston Museum…)

Today 23 February, ΚΡΟΝΟΥ (Saturday), Τρίτη Μεσοῦντος/ Τρισκαιδεκάτη/ Τρίτη ἐπὶ δέκα, XIII day

From today’s sunset: thirteenth day of Anthesterion.
III day of Anthesteria: Khytroi, ‘Pots’
“The festival used to be celebrated on the thirteenth [day] of [the month] Anthesterion, according to Philochorus.” (Philochorus FGrH 328 F84)

“In it they would boil every [kind of] seed in a pot and sacrifice it to Dionysus and to Hermes. Theopompus says that those who had been saved from the flood boiled a pot of every kind of seeds, whence the festival is thus named, and that it is customary for them in the course of the festival (sc. the Pots) to sacrifice … to Chthonic Hermes; but that no one eats from the pot. [He says] those who had been saved did this, propitiating Hermes on behalf of those who died also.”
Suda s.v. Χύτροι

“Hydrophoria: festival of the Athenians for those who died during the deluge.”
“He (Sulla) took Athens, as he says himself in his Memoirs, on the Calends of March, a day which corresponds very nearly with the first of the month Anthesterion. In this month, as it happens, the Athenians perform many rites commemorating the destruction and devastation caused by the flood, believing that the ancient deluge occurred at about this time.”
“An enclosure of Earth surnamed Olympian. Here the floor opens to the width of a cubit, and they say that along this bed flowed off the water after the deluge that occurred in the time of Deucalion, and into it they cast every year wheat meal mixed with honey.”
(Apoll. Ach. 365f4; Plut. Silla 14.6; Paus. 1. 18. 7)

‘Khytrinoi agones’: contests between comic actors; ‘limnomachai’ between children and youths; choral dances.
(Hesych. s.v. limnomachai; schol. 218 Frogs; Call. fr. 305 Pfeiffer; Philostr. Vit. Apoll. 4.21)

Aiora-Aletis
“Observing the annual commemoration for the daughter of Icarios- your day, Erigone, you who are lamented by the maidens of Attica- he will invite his friends to the banquet.” (Callim. Aet. fr. 178.1-5.)

Θύραζε Κᾶρες, οὐκ ἔτ’ Ἀνθεστήρια
“outdoors, spirits, the Anthesteria are over.” On the basis that during the Anthesteria the souls would be wandering throughout the city.”
(Suda s.v. Θύραζε; Zenob. Ath. I, 30 p. 352 Miller)

(Hydrophoria: In the centre is a building with two Ionic columns between antae; on each side is a fountain, with a lion’s head from which water is pouring into a hydria held up by a maiden. All three wear embroidered chitons and himatia. On the left is Dionysos to right. On the right is Hermes departing to right, looking back, bearded, with long hair. In the field, branches. From Attica, 510BC (circa); found in Vulci; now in the British Museum…)

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