Ὀγδόη Μεσοῦντος/ Ὀγδόη ἐπὶ δέκα / Όκτωκαιδεκάτη, XVIII day
From today’s sunset: eighteenth day of Anthesterion.
The eighteenth is always dedicated to purifications and apotropaic rites.
“The traditional laws of the Athenians have attributed the eighteenth as well as the nineteenth to the lustral and apotropaic rituals, as told by Philochorus and <***>, both interpreters of the uses of their Ancestors. So, perhaps for this reason, Hesiod says that this day is sacred, and especially after noon, because this part of the day is suitable for the purifications…”
Scholia Erga, 810
(Hydrophoria: On the left is a building with a Doric column; an aryballos is suspended from the entablature. On the wall to the left is a fountain with a lion’s head spout: on the ground is a hydria. In the field is inscribed: KAΛE. Outside is a maiden to left, with long tresses, fillet, and diapered chiton with diploidion; above her, MNEΣIΛA, behind her, EΛETEIEΛN (?). Next to right a group of two similar female figures standing face to face and conversing; the first has a striped himation, fillet, and hydria on her head; the other has a striped chiton with diploidion, and fillet, and carries an empty hydria horizontally on her head. Between them, above, ΡΟΔΟΝ; below, EΛETEIEN. Behind the third figure, above, AMAT ; below EΛETEΛEIEN. Further to the right, a second pair conversing, with hands extended; the first has an embroidered chiton with diploidion, and hydria upright on her head, the second a diapered chiton with diploidion, and hydria horizontal on her head; both have long hair with fillets. Above, EDIΣ; below, Άνθύλ(λ)η καλή. (Cf. Jahn, Vasens. zu Mimchen, p. 100, No. 333.) British Museum)