The only men at Hunayn who didn’t disobey Allah and His Messenger:

  1. Ali ibn Abi Talib
  2. Abbas ibn Abdul Muttalib
  3. Fadhl ibn Abbas
  4. Abu Sufyan ibn al-Harith ibn Abdul Muttalib
  5. Rabi’a ibn al-Harith ibn Abdul Muttalib
  6. Abdullah ibn Masud
  7. Usama ibn Zayd
  8. Ayman ibn Ubaid

Narrated Abu Qatada: We set out in the company of Allah’s Apostle on the day (of the battle) of Hunain. When we faced the enemy, the Muslims retreated and I saw a pagan throwing himself over a Muslim. I turned around and came upon him from behind and hit him on the shoulder with the sword He (i.e. the pagan) came towards me and seized me so violently that I felt as if it were death itself, but death overtook him and he released me. I followed ‘Umar bin Al Khattab and asked (him), “What is wrong with the people (fleeing)?” He replied, “This is the Will of Allah,” After the people returned, the Prophet sat and said, “Anyone who has killed an enemy and has a proof of that, will possess his spoils.” I got up and said, “Who will be a witness for me?” and then sat down. The Prophet again said, “Anyone who has killed an enemy and has proof of that, will possess his spoils.” I (again) got up and said, “Who will be a witness for me?” and sat down. Then the Prophet said the same for the third time. I again got up, and Allah’s Apostle said, “O Abu Qatada! What is your story?” Then I narrated the whole story to him. A man (got up and) said, “O Allah’s Apostle! He is speaking the truth, and the spoils of the killed man are with me. So please compensate him on my behalf.” On that Abu Bakr As-Siddiq said, “No, by Allah, he (i.e. Allah’s Apostle ) will not agree to give you the spoils gained by one of Allah’s Lions who fights on the behalf of Allah and His Apostle.” The Prophet said, “Abu Bakr has spoken the truth.” So, Allah’s Apostle gave the spoils to me. I sold that armor (i.e. the spoils) and with its price I bought a garden at Bani Salima, and this was my first property which I gained after my conversion to Islam.

"Sahih" al-Bukhari Vol. 4, Bk. 53, No, 370:

Shameful, shameful, shameful - 

Who on Earth has the audacity to disobey the Messenger of Allah after the revelation that occurred after Uhud, run away like a coward, and then have the nerve to complain about the spoils of war?

When returning from the hunayn expedition, the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) had declared: We are back from the lesser jihad [effort, resistance, struggle for reform] to the greater jihad. A companion asked: what is the greater jihad, Messenger of God? He answered: it is fighting the self [the ego]. For the muslims, as for all human beings, this inner struggle was the most difficult, the most noble, and the one that required the most understanding, forgiveness, and, of course, sincerity to oneself. War and its lesser jihad had shown how difficult it was to die for God; daily life and it’s greater jihad now showed Muslims that it is even more difficult to live for God, in transparency, coherence, spiritual demand, patience, and peace.


Exemplary Ethics of the Prophet (saw): BRAVE: Part 3 THERE IS NO LIE IN THIS

After the conquest of Mecca, in order to subdue the rebellious Hawazin, the army of Islam marched towards Hunayn. With the addition of two thousand soldiers from the conquered city of Mecca, who were freshly converted to Islam, the army reached the number of twelve thousand, which was an extraordinary size in conditions of the Arabian peninsula of that time.

And some new Muslims started to talk about the impossibility of defeating such an army by relying on this numerical majority. However, in the Hunayn valley, where they had just entered, a panic arose in the army as a result of a sudden attack by the enemy which was many times weaker than themselves. Everyone was retreating because of the mass psychology and the event was about to result with a defeat.

In those moments of tension, unlike the rest of the army, there was only one person who tried to attack to the enemy that was coming in waves; this person was the prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

Although Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) represented the truth on earth, his army started to scatter; he was having one of the most furious moments in his life; He stood on his horse and shouted,

          “I am the Messenger of Allah; there is no lie in this. I am the son of Abdulmuttalib (who never escaped from the enemy); there is no lie in this.”

He tried to attack the tribes of Hawazin, who threw arrows continuously at Muslims. Meanwhile, two relatives of his held his horse with great difficulty.

The Islamic army won the battle. [3]

3]Imam Tirmidhi, Shamail ash-Sharif p:265; M.Yusuf Kandahlawi, ibid (III), shf:228