Fellow Game of Thrones shippers and lovers!
My friends and I have come up with a hilarious game to add to our Game Of Thrones weekly experience and I encourage you to give it a try!

Step one:
Either write names or print off pictures of everyone featured in the current season.

Step two:
Find some sort of fancy hat or chalice (I use a Bath and Bodyworks candle holder) and put all your pieces of paper or pictures into the holder.

Step three:
Shuffle them up and choose two characters.

…and there you have it! Those two characters are your ship for the night! Who will it be?
Roose Bolton x Grey Worm?
Sansa x Jon Snow?

WHO KNOWS, THE POSSIBILITIES ARE ENDLESS!

Have fun :)

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A Game of Thrones Christmas - Created by PJ McQuade

Brand new cards and ornaments available now at PJ’s Etsy Shop, just in time for the Holidays! Perfect for any fan of the show, check them all out here.

More Geektastic Christmas cards are available as well, ranging from Star Wars, Alien, Breaking Bad and more. Be sure to check them out now before they’re all gone!

You can also follow PJ on Tumblr, Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram.

Enter to win these cards in our giveaway!

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My Game of Thrones portrait poster is finally out!!  This was a big one, guys! The poster has 42 portraits from seasons 1-4 arranged in chronological order to tell the story to date.  It’s a limited edition of 100, hand signed & numbered, screen printed, on a 24x36″ sheet.  This was an exclusive WonderCon release for Hero Complex Gallery.  Any remaining posters can be purchased via HCG

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Why does Hodor in Game of Thrones only say one word? Neuroscience explains

Hodor hodor hodor. Hodor hodor? Hodor. Hodor-hodor. Hodor!

Oh, um, excuse me. Did you catch what I said?

Fans of the hit HBO show Game of Thrones, the fifth season of which premiered last Sunday, know the reference, anyway. Hodor is the brawny, simple-minded stableboy of the Stark family in Winterfell. His defining characteristic, of course, is that he only speaks a single word: “Hodor.”

But those who read the A Song of Ice and Fire book series by George R R Martin may know something that the TV fans don’t: his name isn’t actually Hodor. According to his great-grandmother Old Nan, his real name is Walder. “No one knew where ‘Hodor’ had come from,” she says, “but when he started saying it, they started calling him by it. It was the only word he had.”

Whether he intended it or not, Martin created a character who is a textbook example of someone with a neurological condition called expressive aphasia.

Losing speech ability

In 1861, French physician Paul Broca was introduced to a man named Louis-Victor Leborgne. While his comprehension and mental functioning remained relatively normal, Leborgne progressively lost the ability to produce meaningful speech over a period of 20 years. Like Hodor, the man was nicknamed Tan because he only spoke a single word: “Tan.”

Just a few days after meeting Broca, Leborgne passed away. Broca’s autopsy determined tissue damage, or a “lesion”, in the frontal lobe of Leborgne’s left brain hemisphere, just next to a brain fold called the lateral sulcus. Over the next two years, Broca acquired brains from 12 more patients with Leborgne’s symptoms – all of the autopsy evidence was strikingly consistent.

Neuroscientists are still examining this small region of the brain, now often referred to as “Broca’s area” to work out its many functions. While most research has focused on a patient’s inability to form syntactically complex sentences when this area is damaged, more recent work using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has also reported that Broca’s area is active during language comprehension tasks, interpretation of movement, and comprehending various gestures also associated with speech, such as waving goodbye.

Telegraphic speech and brain damage

In collaboration with French scientists in 2007, a group at the University of California revisited the brains of Leborgne and Lelong (another of Broca’s patients who could only speak five words) using magnetic resonance imaging. One of their most interesting findings was that their lesions extended much deeper than Broca had reported, suggesting that multiple brain regions were probably contributing to their speech deficits.

This evidence of widespread damage is unsurprising. Leborgne, Lelong – and even Hodor – are actually more extreme examples of individuals with expressive aphasia. More commonly, a person with the disorder will express themselves in “telegraphic speech”, which usually comprises three or so words, including a noun and a verb. For example, someone may say, “Anne, dog, walk” to mean “I walked the dog with Anne today.”

The most common cause of expressive aphasia is stroke, which occurs when a blood clot blocks a vessel in the brain, resulting in tissue damage due to lack of oxygen. It’s estimated that expressive aphasia occurs in 12% of stroke patients, while roughly 35% of stroke patients suffer from a language aphasia of some form.

Expressive aphasia can also be caused by a tumour, haemorrhage, a haematoma in the membrane covering of the brain, or trauma to the head. It has been reported that Leborgne suffered from epileptic seizures as a child – some have speculated that he may have experienced head trauma during one such episode.

So what’s Hodor’s story? Did he sustain a blow to the head, suffer a stroke, or was he simply a giant baby dropped by his mother?

He may only speak one word, but like the other characters in the show, Hodor too may have a quite an interesting backstory.

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