Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, August 7, 1963 – August 9, 1963
The youngest child of President John Kennedy and First Lady Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy was born five and a half weeks early at the Otis Air Force Base (now Otis Air National Guard Base) Hospital on Cape Cod, Massachusetts. He developed symptoms of Hyaline Membrane Disease (or infant respiratory distress syndrome) and was transferred to Boston Children’s Hospital. He died two days later.
From this Universal Newsreel film, produced August 8th, 1963:
The dramatic miracle of birth and a fight for life is enacted at Otis Air Force Base on Cape Cod as Mrs. Jacqueline Kennedy gives birth to a premature son, the first child born to a President in office in 69 years. Thousands of good wishes and prayers pour in as the President stands vigil at Boston’s Children’s Hospital as Patrick Bouvier Kennedy wages his fight for life.
The “Solid South" could reliably be counted on to vote Democratic - that is, in the interests of white men, from the end of the post-Civil War period until about 1948, when the Democratic Party began its gradual shift toward progressive causes and, in particular, support for the civil rights of African-Americans. In 1960, not even John Kennedy’s selection of Texan Lyndon Johnson as Vice President could save Virginia, Tennessee, and Florida from falling into the GOP’s hands.
By President Johnson’s election bid in 1964, he had already signed the controversial Civil Rights Act (“I think we just delivered the South to the Republican Party for a long time to come,” Johnson said), and, in November, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia and South Carolina would for the first time in decades vote Republican.
This shift, of course, did not go unnoticed by the GOP, who would at times appeal to racist tendencies of some southern strongholds to help elect Republican candidates.