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The Scottish Declaration of Independence, April 6th 1320

The Declaration of Arbroath was made in the form of a letter, composed in Latin and submitted to Pope John XXII in the year of 1320. Its purpose was to get the pope to acknowledge Robert the Bruce as the country’s lawful king, to assert Scotland’s status as an independent, sovereign state and to defend Scotland’s right to use military force when unjustly attacked. It was most likely drafted in the scriptorium of Arbroath Abbey by Abbot Bernard on behalf of the nobles and barons of Scotland. Eight earls and about forty barons attached their seals to the Declaration. The following is one of its most popular excerpts:

"As long as but a hundred of us remain alive, never will we on any conditions be brought under English rule. It is in truth not for glory, nor riches, nor honours, that we are fighting, but for freedom - for that alone, which no honest man gives up but with life itself."

The Declaration of Arbroath represents the founding of the Scottish nation and it has been credited as being part of the inspiration for the American Declaration of Independence.

Photos and info about each individual seal…

PDF transcript and translation of the Declaration of Arbroath…

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Crawford Priory is not a priory at all but called such for its resemblance to a monastery. It was in fact just the lovely home and estate to some of the Earls of Crawford in Scotland. It has been abandoned since 1968! Source

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Letters from Queen Elizabeth about Mary Queen of Scots

This was a highly important cache of letters unknown to historians and biographers, covering an important but little-known period in the long captivity of Mary, Queen of Scots. The letters were written to Sir Ralph Sadler while he was entrusted with the custody of Mary, Queen of Scots in 1584 to 1585. Some are also signed by Lord Burghley, Francis Walsingham and the Earl of Leicester. The letters address such subjects as the conditions and security of the Scottish Queen’s confinement, and her negotiations with Queen Elizabeth. For more details about the letters please visit the source.