4

Dominican Republic expels at least 244 Haitians, including young children, in latest racist attack inspired by U.S. border repression, November 24, 2013.

A group of Haitians who had been living in the southwestern Dominican town of Neiba the past several years sought refuge at a police station because they feared further reprisals, Lissaint said. Police handed the group over to soldiers who drove them to the border and expelled them to Haiti on Saturday.

Migrant advocates said some of the people sent out of the Dominican Republic were eager to leave because they feared they would be more mob violence.

Jean-Baptiste Azolin, deputy coordinator for the Support Group for Repatriates and Refugees, said not all the people who were repatriated were picked up at the police station.

“Some of them were caught in the streets, with their children, and were sent to Haiti — like that, without anything,” Azolin said.

Workers for the Haitian government’s National Office of Migration greeted the expelled Haitians and others of Haitian descent, many of them mothers with their children, including a 3-day-old boy. They were taken to a shelter north of the capital, Port-au-Prince, where they received food. They were also each given the equivalent of $22 to help them return to their former Haitian towns.

“Some people (here) have their children in the Dominican Republic, and they don’t know where they are,” Fritz Jimani, one of the deported people, said in Spanish.

Hispaniola Panorama

A panoramic view of the island of Hispaniola in the foreground and Cuba extending to over the horizon. The sunglint is illuminating Haiti and the Dominican Republic while the thunderstorms persist in the late afternoon of the summertime day. Taken by the Expedition 17 crew onboard the ISS on Aug. 19, 2008

They say it came from Africa, carried in the screams of the enslaved; that it was the death bane of the Tainos, uttered just as one world perished and another began; that it was a demon drawn into Creation through the nightmare door that was cracked open in the Antilles. Fukú americanus, or more colloquially, fukú - generally a curse or doom of some kind; specifically the Curse and the Doom of the New World.

No matter what its name or provenance, it is believed that the arrival of Europeans on Hispaniola unleashed fukú on the world, and we’ve all been in the shit ever since.

—  The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao by Junot Diaz
Who decides what and who is Black enough? What does Black mean? Black is a racial identifier, but some people use Black refer to the African American culture… what makes my Black different from yours, is it language? Some of us speak Spanish, some speak French, others Patois or Portuguese, among others. That is the beauty of the African diaspora.
3

Parsley Massacre.

On October 1937 the Dominican Republic under the leadership of Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo, committed a state-sponsored genocide known today as the Parsley Massacre. Over 20,000 Haitians were killed in the borderlands of Haiti within five-days.

Once Rafael Trujillo took power in the Dominican Republic he made it very clear to the public of his antihaitianismo. To cover up his actions Trujillo used the claim that Haitians were stealing cattle and crops from Dominican land owners. From October 2-8, 1937 over 20,000 Haitians were killed with guns, machetes, clubs and knives by Dominican soldiers. 

The name for the genocide came from the shibboleth that Rafael Trujillo had his soldiers apply to determine wether or not those living on the borderlands of Haiti were native Dominicans or immigrant Haitians. The soldiers during the massacre would hold up a parsley to someone and would ask “What is this?” and the pronunciation of the word would determine the fate of the person. 

A majority of those killed during the genocide were born in the Dominican Republic.

Junot Diaz on Writing Untold Stories of the African and Dominican Diaspora

Do you feel a responsibility as a writer to remember in your work what history wants to forget?

"Me personally, in many ways, I come out of a history of such profound erasure and silence and evasion and trauma, you know, whether it’s like the deep history of the African Diaspora, I mean Jesus, like, it’s not as if we really have all the literature that we need to talk about chattel slavery and what it means to come out of a community that was bred and raped into existence or even more recently, to be someone from the Dominican Diaspora, where a 31-year, you know, tortured dictatorship and the stories that were never told and the silences that are more presence than presence, some of us are drawn to those things. I, myself, personally, find myself powerfully, powerfully drawn. Certainly I do feel that. "

-Junot Diaz, December 17, 2012, 92Y

Anacaona

Anacaona was one of the highest Caciques or chief who possessed the Island of Hispaniola when the Spaniards settled there. Her date of birth and date of death are both unknown. She is a significant icon in early Haitian History, the primordial founder of Haiti and she is considered to be the first Haitian hero. She is revered in immortalized in the intertwining histories of both Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Her name Arawak Anacaona means “Golden Flowers”. She married Caonabo, a chief of another cacicazgos and leave the leadership to his brother Bohechio. From that union, a baby girl named Higuamota was born. Nothing else other than her name is known about her. 

Anacaona and her husband Caonabo were the first to fight off the Spaniards conquerors, but without any success. she got captured by Nicola De Ovando during a feast organized by the Spaniards pretending to honor her kindness. Nicola De Ovando captured her and hanged her. She was 29 when She died. Today she is very much revered in both Haiti and the Dominican Republic and some other Carribean Countries. Anacaona died for her willingness to accept peace from the Spaniards, her kindness and for fighting those who invaded, stolen her lands and enslaved her people.

May she be remembered for her struggles, her talents, and the amazing leadership depicted through her historical importance. She is truly an iconic symbol for women fighters in this world.

Renowned Haitian American author Edwige Danticat Wrote and award winning novel in dedication to the befallen chief.

La Selle Thrush (Turdus swalesi

…a species of endangered thrush (Turdidae) which is endemic to the island of Hispaniola (both the Dominican Republic and Haiti) where it inhabits subtropical and tropical moist montane forests. Like other thrushes Turdus swalesi is omnivorous, feeding on a wide range of invertebrates, seeds and berries which are foraged for on the ground.

Currently Turdus swalesi is listed as endangered by the IUCN, as it faces major threats from habitat loss, and having a limited range. 

Classification

Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Passeriformes-Turdidae-Turdus-T. swalesi

Image: Rafy Rodriguez

"Florinda Soriano, affectionally known as Mama Tingo, a Dominican woman peasant, mother of 14 children, who was assassinated by a large landowner in 1974 fighting for her piece of land in the Dominican Republic.  She has become a national symbol of female courage, strength, and resistance."

SOURCE: http://www.dwdc.org/index.php/programs-and-services/mama-tingo/