Sure! There’s a relationship between the Black Panther character and the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense but not in the way you might be thinking. T’Challa was actually introduced a few months before the founding of the BPP. Stan Lee and Jack Kirby had been working on the idea for a while already and were going to call him the “Coal Tiger”, meaning they were more focused on “jungle animals” than any political context.
Sadly, Marvel distanced itself from the name “Black Panther” as mainstream public perception of the BPP turned negative. Around the time T’Challa became an Avenger, he began going by “The Panther”. Later, he even used “Black Leopard” as a substitute, explicitly saying he didn’t want to be associated with the BPP.
While Marvel was willing to pit him against foes who were obvious “bad guys” (the Klan, the “Supremacists”, etc.), they didn’t really touch Western exploitation (in the sense that the US as a whole was complicit rather than just a few bad guys) until fairly recently. Hudlin especially stressed the idea that like other countries with valuable resources, Wakanda would certainly have to deal with other powerful countries that would want their cut (and would be willing to take it by force).
All that said, Wakanda and the Black Panther make social statements simply by existing. Wakanda provides an example of what Africa could be if its resources hadn’t been stolen. Black Panther is just a normal person of African descent who shows what fully-tapped potential looks like. Exposing readers to these ideas can be powerful so hopefully future writers will embrace that and continue to build on what has already been accomplished.
Source: 1, 2, 3
-We Are Wakanda