Temple of Zeus Labraundos (Labraunda, Turkey)

Little remains except the foundation of the Temple of Zeus, which was originally built in the fifth century BCE, of a simple “in antis” design. It consisted of a cella, a pronoas and an antae, with only two columns between the latter. A century later, the temple was redesigned on the foundation of the old temple by the Hecatomnid rulers, the brothers Idrieus and Mausolus. One of the new additions to the walls of the old temple was an opisthodomios, formed by the placement of two additional antae at the west end. A colonnade of the Ionic order was then erected around the temple with eight columns along the sides and six at the front and back. Thus the conversion was made for a more suiting temple to Zeus. This foundation has been fully excavated, and sections of the fluted column drums are arranged around the spot to give an idea of how the colonnade must have appeared. The dedication was made by the ruler Idrieus, according to an inscription found on the site.

In Labraunda, Zeus was represented as Zeus Labraundos (Ζεὺς Λάβρανδος), a standing Zeus with the tall lotus-tipped scepter upright in his left hand and the double-headed axe, the labrys, over his right shoulder. This image of the god can be found on many of the ancient coins that were minted near this area.

The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus: A Wonder of the Ancient World

The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus was built for Mausolus, the second ruler of Caria from the Hecatomnid dynasty (and nominally a Persian satrap) who died in 353 BC. As the man who refounded Halicarnassus, Mausolus was entitled to receive cultic honours and a tomb on the central square of his city, in accordance with Greek custom. Located in modern day Bodrum, Turkey, the Mausoleum is one of the ‘Seven Wonders of the Ancient World’. Due to this status, it is one of the most well-known structures in the ancient world. After the Great Pyramid of Giza, this is the longest surviving Wonder, having stood for more than a millennium and a half.

Read more …