Diwrnod y Dywysoges Gwenllian | The Day of Princess Gwenllian

Yr Hanes:
Merch Llywelyn Ein Llyw Olaf, Tywysog Cymru, a’i wraig Elinor, Arglwyddes Cymru, oedd y Dywysoges Gwenllian neu Gwenllian o Gymru (12 Mehefin, 1282 - 7 Mehefin, 1337), Tywysoges Gwynedd a Chymru. Hi oedd unig ddisgynnydd cyfreithlon Llywelyn o’i briodas ag Elinor (Elen), merch y barwn Simon de Montfort>. Cafodd ei geni yn llys tywysogion Gwynedd yn Aber Garth Celyn, Gwynedd, a bu ei mam farw wrth roi genedigaeth iddi. Ar ôl i Dywysogaeth Cymru syrthio, wedi lladd Llywelyn a dienyddio ei frawd Dafydd, bu erlid gan y Saeson ar ddisgynyddion uniongyrchol olaf Teulu Aberffraw. Roedd Eryri a chalon Gwynedd dan warchae ac am chwe mis neu ragor bu cyfnod dychrynllyd yn hanes y wlad gyda’r milwyr Seisnig yn cael rhwydd hynt i wneud fel y mynnant. Yr oedd y Dywysoges ifanc yn amlwg yn berygl posibl i Goron Lloegr ac o ganlyniad fe’i ducpwyd o Wynedd a’i charcharu am oes ym Mhriordy Sant Gilbert yn Sempringham, Lloegr, a hithau ond yn flwydd a hanner oed. Ac yno y bu tan ei marw yn 1337.

Gwrandewch ar gan Elin Fflur a gafodd ei ysgrifennu i’r Dywysoges Gwenllian yma.

The Story:
Gwenllian ferch Llywelyn (June 1282 – 7 June 1337) was the only child of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, the last native Tywysog Cymru (Prince of Wales). Gwenllian was born in the Welsh royal home in Abergwyngregyn near Bangor, Gwynedd. Lady Gwenllian’s mother, Eleanor de Montfort, Lady of Wales, died during childbirth, or shortly after on 19 June 1282. She was descended from dual Royal bloodlines; not only was she the daughter of the Welsh Prince of Wales, but her maternal great grandfather was King John of England. A few months after Gwenllian’s birth, north Wales was encircled by the English army of King Edward I. On 11 December 1282 her father, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, was lured into Builth Castle, ostensibly to sign a treaty, but he was captured there and put to death. Gwenllian’s uncle, Dafydd ap Gruffudd, assumed her guardianship, but on 21 June 1283 he was captured with his family at Nanhysglain, a secret hiding place in a bog by Bera Mawr in the uplands of North Wales. Dafydd, severely injured, was taken to Rhuddlan, then moved under guard to Shrewsbury, where he was later executed. Gwenllian and the daughters of her uncle Dafydd ap Gruffudd were all confined for life in remote priories in Lincolnshire, and never allowed freedom. It has been speculated that the girls were taken to Lincolnshire from Gwynedd by sea. Gwenllian was placed in the Gilbertine Priory at Sempringham, where she was held behind high walls until her death fifty-four years later. In committing her to a convent, Edward’s aim was not only to prevent her from marrying and having sons who might lay claim to the Principality of Wales, but also to hide her away, unknown to the outside world.

Listen to the song ‘Tywysoges Goll’ (Lost Princess) by Elin Fflur written for the Princess Gwenllian here.

A sneak peek of “Gwenllian”, from our upcoming new permanent collection of duochromes. The collection will have 30 shades, and each one is named after a woman of days long past, both antiquity and ancient times. Women that you may have never heard of, and certainly women who have been overlooked by most history books for their contributions. We hope for this New Year’s collection to be colors you’ll want to wear every day, and learn about the legacy of these women, and be inspired!

We’ll be writing more condensed descriptions of each woman’s life, but for the purpose of these 3 sneak peeks, we’re going to direct information from Wikipedia. 

Gwenllian ferch Gruffydd (Gwenllian, daughter of Gruffydd, c. 1097 – 1136) was Princess consort of Deheubarth in Wales, and married to Gruffydd ap Rhys, Prince of Deheubarth. Gwenllian was the daughter of Gruffydd ap Cynan (1055–1137), Prince of Gwynedd and Angharad ferch Owain, and a member of the princely Aberffraw family of Gwynedd. Gwenllian’s “patriotic revolt” and subsequent death in battle at Kidwelly Castle contributed to the Great Revolt of 1136.

While her husband was in Gwynedd seeking an alliance with her father against the Normans, Maurice of London and other Normans led raids against Deheubarth’s Welsh and Gwenllian was compelled to raise an army for their defence.[4][6][7] In a battle fought near Kidwelly Castle, Gwenllian’s army was routed, she was captured and beheaded by the Normans.[4] In the battle her son Morgan was also slain and another son, Maelgwyn captured and executed.

Though defeated, her patriotic revolt inspired others in South Wales to rise.[4] The Welsh of Gwent, led by Iowerth ab Owain (grandson of Caradog ap Gruffydd, Gwent’s Welsh ruler displaced by the Norman invasions), ambushed and slew Richard Fitz Gilbert de Clare, the Norman lord who controlled Ceredigion.[4]

When word reached Gwynedd of Gwenllain’s death and the revolt in Gwent, Gwenllian’s brothers Owain and Cadwaladr invaded Norman controlled Ceredigion, taking Llanfihangel, Aberystwyth, and Llanbadarn

Gwenllian’s actions can be compared to another Celtic leader: Boadicea (Buddug). This is the only known example of a medieval period woman leading a Welsh army into battle. The field where the battle is believed to have taken place, close to Kidwelly Castle and north of the town, is known as Maes Gwenllian (Welsh: Field of Gwenllian). A spring in the field is also named after her, supposedly welling up on the spot where she died.

For centuries after her death, Welshmen cried-out Revenge for Gwenllian when engaging in battle.[3] Gwenllian and her husband also harassed Norman, English, and Flemish colonists in Deheubarth, taking goods and money and redistributed them among the Deheubarth Welsh who were themselves dispossessed by those colonizers, like a pair of “Robin Hoods of Wales”, as historian and author Philip Warner writes.[3]

Gwenllian’s youngest son went on to become a notable leader of Deheubarth, The Lord Rhys.

‎”Gwenllian” directed by Giovanni Martins live on Fresh Intelligence !!!

"Come show me your magic, whilst you stand alone looking tragic. All the people coming by to save you, as you try not to run out that door." 

The piece, created for E.G Emma Griffiths’ Spring/Summer 2012 collection reflects the traditions of love in Welsh History with its love knots. To view the full film click through : 

Women's History Month: Gwenllian, the Warrior Princess of Wales

Women’s History Month: Gwenllian, the Warrior Princess of Wales

Not actually Gwenllian ferch Gruffydd, this depiction is as accurate a depiction as you’ll find anywhere.

Gwenllian ferch Gruffydd-or “Gwenllian, daughter of Gruffydd” today is rememberedas the much loved Warrior Princess of Wales, and part of two exclusive historical clubs: one of two women to lead the Welsh into battle (you’ll see the second appear later in this series), and one of two…

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Gwenllian on Flickr.

A rare one of Gwenllian in modern clothes! Usually I keep her in clothes her character would wear, but I loved this teal colour for her and decided to try something different!

Gwenllian has a gorgeous face-up from Viridian House and wears 18mm D24 Turquoise eyes from Hand Glass Craft. The wig she’s wearing is from WigWing.

Teal fox print cardi from Dorset Clothing, Etsy
Cream camisole from Nine9Style
Turquoise pendant from Nepal
(unseen, brown deer headband from Kuloft, green jeans from Nine9Style & tan loafers from Mybayer)

Watch on broadnax.tumblr.com

REVERB PROMO - August 2014 from Bethany Angus on Vimeo.

Director / Editor - Bethany Angus
Producer - Bejoy Sanjeev

Cinematography - Gwenllian Thurstan
Sound Recordist - Theo Wyzgowski


On Flickr.
At last! I’ve managed to do the Welsh traditional costume photos I’ve always wanted!

The Welsh hat, lace band and red shawl all made by yours truly.
Grey dress with white collar (looks like a blouse here) is from a set by Wimukt/Foxybrowny
Black skirt by Dollheart
Striped stockings by Plume Blanche Créations
Boots from Fatiao on eBay

Gwenllian’s silver bow bracelet was made by Orangebabydolly, now The Horned Moon with One Bright Star and the silver dragon pendant she’s wearing is a charm I found.