And here they all are, including with a feet and inches grid in the background, and a little closer up so you can enjoy more details. I’m happy to finally be able to replace the sad height chart in my gallery with more up to date designs, and also so that everyone can easily see how differently everyone is shaped! Body diversity is one of my favorite things to draw. Expect to see more of these figures because I’m going to be using them to plan fashions for each upcoming chapter, which I’ll probably share occasionally.


A sealed flint knapping site from the Younger Dryas in the Scheldt valley (Belgium): Bridging the gap in human occupation at the Pleistocene-Holocene transition in W Europe

  • by Philippe Crombé, Joris Sergant, Arne Verbrugge, Arne De Graeve, Bart Cherretté, Jari Mikkelsen, Veerle Cnudde, Tim De Kock, Hans D.J. Huisman, Bertil J.H. van Os, Mark Van Strydonck and Mathieu Boudin

“Based on the evidence of a recently excavated, sealed site, situated at Ruien “Rosalinde” in the Belgian Scheldt valley, the response of hunter-gatherers to changing climate at the transition from the temperate Allerød to the cold Younger Dryas is discussed. Radiocarbon dated to the end of the Allerød or the very beginning of the Younger Dryas, the site of Ruien provides the earliest evidence of a refined lithic technology characterized by the use of a soft stone hammer and the production of straight and regular blade(let)s from intensively prepared cores with two opposite platforms and sharp striking angles. In the course of the Younger Dryas and Early Pre-boreal this knapping method will become standard all over Europe, from the Tanged Point Technocomplex in the North to the (Epi)Laborian in the South. It contrasts sharply with the knapping style of previous lithic traditions, such as the late Federmesser/Azilian and Bromme Technocomplexes, which was much less elaborated and mainly oriented towards the knapping of short irregular blades with a hard stone hammer. This apparently abrupt technological change was also accompanied by increased raw material procurement networks, extending over up to 250 km, and a marked microlithisation of the hunting equipment. Finally, the site of Ruien is also important as it demonstrates the limited archaeological visibility of Younger Dryas sites, explaining the scarcity of such sites within western Europe” (read more/open access).

(Open access source: Journal of Archaeological Science 50:420-439, 2014 via Academia.edu)