german-vocabulary

Links for improving your vocabulary!

SAT/ACT vocabulary

  1. 5,000 FREE SAT Vocabulary Words
  2. 100 Common SAT/ACT Vocabulary Flash Cards
  3. Must-Know Words for the ACT
  4. 250 Most Difficult SAT/ACT Vocabulary Words
  5. SAT Vocabulary Videos
  6. Top 1,000 SAT/ACT Words

Latin Vocabulary

  1. Latin Word List
  2. 100 Most Common Latin Words
  3. Latin Core Vocabulary

French Vocabulary

  1. 100 Topic Specific Vocabulary Lists
  2. English-to-French Basic Phrases
  3. 20 French Phrases to Know

Spanish Vocabulary

  1. Spanish Vocabulary Lists
  2. 100 Need-to-Know Spanish Words
  3. 100 Most Common Spanish Verbs
  4. Common Spanish Phrases and Words Translated from English

Mandarin Chinese Vocabulary

  1. Ultimate List of Mandarin Chinese Vocabulary Lists
  2. Practice Mandarin Vocabulary

Italian Vocabulary

  1. 1,000 Italian Vocabulary Words
  2. English to Italian Vocabulary
  3. Basic Italian Phrases for Travelers

German Vocabulary

  1. 1,000 Most Common German Words
  2. Basic Phrases, Vocabulary, and Grammar

German Word of the Day

Japanese Vocabulary

  1. How to Increase your Japanese Vocabulary, List of Vocabulary Lists
  2. Free Japanese Vocabulary Words

Arabic Vocabulary

  1. List of Arabic Vocabulary Lists
  2. Arabic Core 100 Word List
  3. Basic Arabic Vocabulary

Interesting English Words to Know

  1. 15 English Words You Probably Don’t Know
  2. 20 Words That Make You Sound Smarter
  3. 60 Cool Vocab Words
  4. Word of the Day

If there are any other languages/links you think should be added, message me.

Good luck!

The 5000 most used German words and memrise, a website for remembering almost anything

I would like to write a little bit about a new website that has been brought to my attention in the past week or so. The website is called memrise (www.memrise.com) and the purpose is to help you learn, or remember anything. I have spent perhaps 10 hours on this website trying to improve my German vocabulary. It has many free courses (more being added all the time) on a variety of topics. Language is only one of many. I have also added a course that teaches and helps you to remember all of the capital cities in the world.

It works by teaching you only a few words at a time, so perhaps it will tell you that Paris is the capital of France, then it will tell you that Berlin is the capital of Germany and that Moscow is the capital of Russia. Then it will test you on them, at first letting you choose the correct answer from multiple choice but after more time getting you to write the answer from scratch. It builds and builds up over time adding more words and eventually moves words over to a long term memory place when they have presumably been correctly recalled enough times. From then on it gets you to recall them a bit less often at this point, perhaps because they consider it to be learnt so it is more a case of memory maintenance. They use the imagery of plants and growing, harvesting and watering plants to illustrate the memory process.

It may sound a little ridiculous. But it is actually very good. I have studied memory to some extent in my academic past as part of reading Psychology. It is clear that they have designed this system based on current understanding and research of how best to remember. They introduce only a few new items at a time, so not to overwhelm the average capacity of working memory (7 plus or minus 2 items) and they use a lot of repetition to solidify the memory. Another part I like is the ‘mems’. This is that they often write a passage (that the community can vote up or down) which best helps you remember the word. Association is a very powerful tool for remembering. I learnt the word “Albern” in German which means “silly”. For a mem someone had uploaded a photo of Damon Albarn from the band Blur with something ridiculous on his head and a silly expression, and they had written “Damon AlbErn, is very silly”. A strange method perhaps, but I still remember the word.

Some mem’s leave more to be desired than others . . but still seem to help . .

For me, the best thing that I have seen on this site is 5000 words of German. This comes from research that I believe was done in Leipzig University a few years ago. They analysed a lot of newspaper articles, books etc and generated a list of the 5000 most used German words. They are thought to cover 87% of spoken German. There are a lot more than 5000 words in any language but it makes sense to be intelligent with your learning and to focus on the most used words. <.p>

Der Sternwanderer: Wortschatz

unsinn - nonsense

durchzulassen - to let through

ein Feld - field

endgültig - final, ultimate

die Zeitschinder - time wasters

die Sklavin - slave (girl)

kehrte (kehren) - reversed (to turn)

vergingen - elapsed (“18 years passed”)

erobern - to conquer, to win someone’s heart

verletzte - hurt, injured

wie lief’s? - how did it go?

das Dutzend - dozen

beneiden - to envy

köstlich - delicious

austrinken - to drain, to finish a bottle

gerissen - cunning

gekrönt (krönen) - crowned

die Weise - manner, way

weise (adj) - wise

die Sternschnuppe - falling star, shooting star

überqueren - to cross

eigen - own (“my very own star”)

das Kerzenlicht - candlelight

präziser (präzise) - more precise (precise)

losreiten - to ride headlong

die Abwesenheit - absence

scheinen - to shine

Schwesternshaft - sisterhood

düster - gloomy, dismal

beten - to pray

der Verräter - traitor

Wirf! (werfen) - throw! (to throw)

fest - firm, solid, tight

neugierig - nosy

trostlos - bleak, dreary, dismal (trost - solace, consolation, los - without)

beeindruckt (beeindrucken) - impressed (to impress)

glühen - to glow

erwählen - to choose, to elect

gerade eben - just then (re: time)

anziehen - to attract

irren (sich) - to err, to be mistaken

zustoßen - to befall

wie versprochen - as promised

erträglich - bearble

drehen - to turn, to twist, to spin

ich kröne dich - I crown you

this week's German vocab list for my quiz in the morning (again, combining my tumblr addiction with my studies!)

1. die Ausgabe- expense

2. das Benzin- gasoline

3. der Bleistift- pencil

4. die Computerdiskette- computer diskette

5. die Einnahmen- income

6. die Ernährung- nutrition

7. der Haushalt- household

8. das Heft- notebook

9. die Heizung- heat heating system

10. der Kugelscheiber- ballpoint pen

11. der Müll- trash, garbage

12. die Nebenkosten- utilities, extra costs

13. das Papier- paper

14. die Reparatur- repair

15. das Sparkonto- savings account

16. der Strom- electricity

17. die Studiengebühren- tuition, fees

18. die Versicherung- insurance

19. das Bauernhaus- farmhouse

20. das Dach- roof

21. das Dachgeschoss- top floor, attic

22. die Diele- front hall

23. der Eingang- entrance

24. die Etage- floor, story

25. der Flur- hallway

26. die Frühstücksniche- breakfast nook

27. die Garderobe- wardrobe, closet

28. das Gästezimmer- guest room

29. das Gerät- appliance, device

30. die Mikrowellenherd- microwave oven

31. der Neubau- modern building

32. die Spülmaschine- dishwasher

33. der Staubsauger- vacuum cleaner

34. der Teppichboden- wall-to-wall carpeting

35. die Treppe- staircase

36. die Umgebung- area, neighborhood, vicinity

37. die Waschmaschine- washing machine

38. der Wäschetrockner- clothes dryer

39. sich ärgern über (+ acc.)- to be annoyed about

40. aus&#159;geben- to spend (money)

41. bauen- to build

42. bitten um- to ask for, request

43. denken an (+ acc.)- to think about, of

44. ein&#159;richten- to furnish, equip

45. ein&#159;ziehen in (+ acc.)- to move in

46. sich freuen auf (+ acc.)- to look forward to

47. sich freuen über (+ acc.)- to be glad about

48. jobben- to work (at a temporary job)

49. mieten- to rent (from someone)

50. sparen- to save

51. unterstützen- to support

52. vergleichen- to compare

53. vermieten- to rent out (to someone)

54. verzichten auf (+ acc.)- to do without 

Umgangssprache des Tages: sich aufbrezeln = sich schick machen - “Ich muss mich noch für die Party aufbrezeln.”

Slang of the day: sich aufbrezeln = to dress up - “I need to dress up for the party tonight.”

“sich aufbrezeln” has nothing to do with the delicious “Brezel” to eat, but picturing yourself dressed up in pretzels is a good way to remember that word.

Today's German lesson. My vocab quiz tomorrow will be on this Wortschatz:

die Altstadt- old city center

der Außenbezirk- suburb

bauen- to build, construct

die Bevölkerung- population

der Bezirk- district

die Brücke- bridge

das Bundesland- federal state

die Bundesrepublik Deutschland- Federal Rep. of Germany, West Germany

der Einwohner/ die Einwohnerin- resident

die Fläche- area

der Fluss- river

das Gebäude- building

die Geschichte- history

die Grenze- border

die Gründung- founding, foundation

die Grünzone- green space

die Hauptstadt- capital city

die Parkanlage- public park

das Schloss- castle

die Sehenswürdigkeit- sightseeing attraction

der Staat- state, country

die Stadt- city, town

das Stadtbild- appearance of the city

der Stadtplan- city map

der Stadtteil- part of a city, neighborhood

das Umland- surrounding region

das Viertel- neighborhood (in a city)

das Wahrzeichen- symbol

die Wiedervereinigung- reunification

der Wohnort- place of residence, hometown

zerstört- destroyed

der Zweite Weltkrieg- World War II


Redewendung des Tages: “Das Leben ist kein Wunschkonzert!” = Man kann im Leben nicht alles haben, was und wie man es sich wünscht
—-
Expression of the day: “Das Leben ist kein Wunschkonzert!” (literally: “Life is no wish concert”) =  You can’t always get what you wish for in life.

youtube

Der Songetxt: 

Ich sehe, dass du denkst
Ich denke, dass du fühlst
Ich fühle, dass du willst
Aber ich hör dich nicht, ich

Hab mir ein Wörterbuch geliehen
Dir A bis Z ins Ohr geschrien
Ich stapel tausend wirre Worte auf
Die dich am Ärmel ziehen

Und wo du hingehen willst
Ich häng an deinen Beinen
Wenn du schon auf den Mund fallen musst
Warum dann nicht auf meinen

Oh bitte gib mir nur ein Oh
Bitte gib mir nur ein Oh
Bitte gib mir nur ein
Bitte bitte gib mir nur ein Oh
Bitte gib mir nur ein Oh
Bitte gib mir nur ein Oh
Bitte gib mir nur ein
Bitte bitte gib mir nur ein Wort

Es ist verrückt, wie schön du schweigst
Wie du dein hübsches Köpfchen neigst
Und so der ganzen lauten Welt und mir
Die kalte Schulter zeigst

Dein Schweigen ist dein Zelt
Du stellst es mitten in die Welt
Spannst die Schnüre und staunst
Stumm wenn
Nachts ein Mädchen drüber fällt

Zu deinen Füssen red ich mich
Um Kopf und Kragen
Ich will in deine tiefen Wasser
Große Wellen schlagen

Oh bitte gib mir nur ein Oh
Bitte gib mir nur ein Oh
Bitte gib mir nur ein
Bitte bitte gib mir nur ein Oh
Bitte gib mir nur ein Oh
Bitte gib mir nur ein Oh
Bitte gib mir nur ein
Bitte bitte gib mir nur ein Wort

In meinem Blut werfen
Die Endorphine Blasen
Wenn hinter deinen stillen
Hasenaugen die Gedanken rasen

Oh bitte gib mir nur ein Oh
Bitte gib mir nur ein Oh
Bitte gib mir nur ein
Bitte bitte gib mir nur ein Oh
Bitte gib mir nur ein Oh
Bitte gib mir nur ein Oh
Bitte gib mir nur ein
Bitte bitte gib mir nur ein Wort

Der Wortschatz: 

geschrien (schreien) - screamed (to scream, to yell)

stapel (stapeln) - to stack, to pile

wirre - wandering, scattered (wirre Gedanken)

Ärmel (m) - sleeve

schweigst (schweigen) - to be silent, to keep quiet

neigst (neigen) - to tilt, to slant          

Schulter (f) - shoulder

Schweigen (n) - silence

spannst (spannen) - to stretch, to span

Schnüre (pl) - cords, laces

staunst (staunen) - to marvel, to gape

stumm - mute, speechless

drüber [I believe] = darüber - across

Kragen (m) - collar

Wellen (pl) - waves

Blasen (pl) - bubbles, blisters

rasen - to whirl, to speed

(Disclaimer: I have no idea what that last verse is about…)

Modern techniques for building vocabulary efficiently that build upon close relationship of German to English, as well as upon the easy and rational processes that are used in German for word formation. Useful for self-study by student who knows grammatical basics; extensive practice examples with key at rear.

The preview offered by google books shows most of the pages.  Incredibly helpful, espceially when you’ve reached a plateu in your learning.