femmealenko asked:

Hey there, based on the Gender in World History class you took, are there any books you can recommend on the topic of gender and colonialism and the such? It sounds really interesting. Your blog is awesome by the way, my dash is always lively & informative with you and the ~misandry~ crew ;D

How, big question!

It’s not all books, some are extracts and such. But a really great easy book to begin with is Gender In World History by Peter Stearns, there are a series of themes in history books and this was one of them.

It’s not a huge book, it’s physically small, not a huge number of pages and spans a great number of different areas of history. It’s not as focused as many other books, sure, but it’s so easy to read. It’s very friendly if you haven’t read a lot of scholarly text before too, which tend to be …denser. This books really tries to make it an enjoyable read and is a great start.

I would also highly recommend Clive Ponting’s A Green History Of the World (I think he has released a new one called a New Green History). This book is … much less fun, it’s very long and it actually doesn’t focus on gender specifically at all. But when you realise that agriculture played a huge impact in the formation of patriarchal societies reading about the formation of those agricultural practices and other ways they changed culture is really interesting. 

Well, it was for me. I have a strange obsession with the earliest examples of patriarchal societies and how they came to exist.

That book also deals with ideas of civilisation and ‘progress’, pervasive ideas which would later have a huge impact when they were used to justify colonialisation. 

On the subject of colonialism and gender I would recommend 

Women in World History volume 2 (although all the volumes are good), particularly chapter 5 titled: "Gender in the European colonization of the Americas".

Also Christianity and Sexuality in the Early Modern World by Merry Weisner-Hanks, particularly chapter 5 simply called “Africa and Asia”. 

This deals with the colonial expansion of Christianity and the devastating impact that had on existing cultures. 

Also,  Gendered Worlds by Judy Aulette had some great stuff. It’s more of a modern focus but it really can be used to aid an understanding of how women’s issues intersect and connect on a global scale. Very interesting

Some of these you can probably find online and I found them to be very interesting. I mean, there were more books I read there were books about all different areas of gendered issues but those are some stand-outs for me personally!


Some Gender Studies 101 Students Explain Lesbians

Recently, an anonymous Friend of the Toast who works at a university for humans somewhere on the North American continent informed us that at the end of every gender studies course, she asks her students to (among other things) define lesbians and modern lesbian identity, in light of the already-completed course reading. These are their stories.

At the end of the course. I can’t with straight people.

On October 10, 1970, the day she was born, she was named Dorothy Maree Alaniz–a baby girl. Curiously, though, no one filled out a birth certificate that day. When the certificate was finally filed on November 5, the name on it was Rudolph Andrew Alaniz. Within less than one month after her birth, this girl became a boy.” 

Every year in the United States, more than two thousand children are born with an intersex condition or disorder of sex development. What makes someone a boy or a girl? Is it external genitalia, chromosomes, DNA, environment, or some combination of these factors? Not even doctors or scientists are entirely clear. What is clear is that sex is not an either-or proposition: not girl/boy, XX/XY, switching between two poles like an on-off switch on a radio. Rather, sex is like the bass and treble knobs on that radio. Between XX and XY provides a fascinating look at the science of sex and what makes people male or female.

There are people born XXY, XXXY, or XXXXY, or with any number of variations in X or Y chromosomes, but those who do not fit into society’s preconceived notions about sex often face a difficult path in life. Dr. Callahan explores why humans are so attached to the idea of two sexes, and examines our obsession with sex and sexual intercourse through the ages.


Our history is what has created our present day. Never forget the paths others have walked to pave the next step we take. 

“Rivera's telling of the events of that evening, June 28, 1969, is probably best as is. The  speech below, delivered a year before her death, is soaked with frustration of a lifetime of having to fight both outer-movement forces as well as those within who wished to erase trans identities and write us out of legislation.

"The night of the Stonewall [riots], it happened to be the week that Judy Garland had committed suicide. Some people say that the riots started because of Judy Garland’s death. That’s a myth. We were all involved in different struggles, including myself and many other transgender people. But in these struggles, in the Civil Rights movement, in the war movement, in the women’s movement, we were still outcasts. The only reason they tolerated the transgender community in some of these movements was because we were gung-ho, we were front liners. We didn’t take no shit from nobody. We had nothing to lose. You all had rights. We had nothing to lose. I’ll be the first one to step on any organization, any politician’s toes if I have to, to get the rights for my community.

"Back to the story: we were all in the bar, having a good time. Lights flashed on, we knew what was coming — it’s a raid. This is the second time in one week that the bar was raided. Common practice says the police from the 6th Precinct would come in to each gay bar and collect their payoff. Routine was, ‘Faggots over here, dykes over here, and freaks over there,’ referring to my side of the community. If you did not have three pieces of male attire on you, you were going to jail. Just like a butch dyke would have to have three pieces of female clothing, or he was going to jail. The night goes on, you know, they proof you for ID, you know, back then you could get away with anything. Fake IDs were great back then, because I wasn’t even 18 yet. I was gonna turn 18. We are led out of the bar. The routine was that the cops get their payoff, they confiscate the liquor, if you were a bartender you would snatch the money as soon as the lights went on because you would never see that money again. A padlock would go on the door. What we did, back then, was disappear to a coffee shop or any place in the neighborhood for 15 minutes. You come back, the Mafia was there cutting the padlock off, bringing in more liquor, and back to business as usual.

"Well, it just so happened that that night it was muggy; everybody was being, I guess, cranky; a lot of us were involved in different struggles; and instead of dispersing, we went across the street. Part of history forgets, that as the cops are inside the bar, the confrontation started outside by throwing change at the police. We started with the pennies, the nickels, the quarters, and the dimes. 'Here’s your payoff, you pigs! You fucking pigs! Get out of our faces.’ This was started by the street queens of that era, which I was part of, Marsha P. Johnson, and many others that are not here. I’m lucky to be 50 in July, but I’m still here and I’ll be damned if I won’t see 100.

"One thing led to another. The confrontation got so hot, that Inspector [Seymour] Pine, who headed this raid — him and his men had to barricade themselves in our bar, because they could not get out. The people that they had arrested, they had to take into the bar with them, because there was no police backup for them. But seriously, as history tells it, to this day, we don’t know who cut the phone lines! So they could not get the call to the 6th Precinct. Number one, Inspector Pine was not welcome in the 6th Precinct because he had just been appointed to stop the corruption and, you know, what they called back then, we were a bunch of deviants, perverts. So he was there for that purpose, so who knows if one of his own men didn’t do it, that was, you know, taking a payoff himself.

"The police and the people that were arrested were barricaded inside this bar, with a Village Voice reporter, who proceeded to tell his story, in the paper, that he was handed a gun. The cops were actually so afraid of us that night that if we had busted through that bar’s door, they were gonna shoot. They were ordered to shoot if that door busted open. Someone yanked a parking meter out the floor, which was loose, because it’s very hard to get a parking meter out of the ground. It was loose, you know, I don’t know how it got loose. But that was being rammed into the door.

"People have also asked me, 'Was it a pre-planned riot?,’ because out of nowhere, Molotov cocktails showed up. I have been given the credit for throwing the first Molotov cocktail by many historians but I always like to correct it; I threw the second one, I did not throw the first one! And I didn’t even know what a Molotov cocktail was; I’m holding this thing that’s lit and I’m like 'What the hell am I supposed to do with this?’ 'Throw it before it blows!’ 'OK!’”

Read the whole article here. 

That moment when even your gender and sexuality studies textbook is full of bisexual erasure and gives the “bi means two, therefore bisexuality is an attraction to people who identify within the gender binary” bullshit definition of bisexuality.

Gender Studies Gina in her Dorm
  • Narrator:We join Gender Studies Gina in her dorm, watching the evening news with her roomie Criminal Justice Carmen.
  • News Anchor:Another incident of a teacher sleeping with a pupil...
  • Gender Studies Gina:Turn it up! That's awful, I can't believe this is happening again!
  • News Anchor:....including evidence of alcohol and drug paraphernalia as well was several explicit text messages that cannot be aired....
  • Criminal Justice Carmen:Sounds like they're in it deep.
  • Gender Studies Gina:That's what that asshole gets for luring that poor girl into a situation like that, it's disgusting!
  • News Anchor:The family of the boy has....
  • Gender Studies Gina:Wow, I can't believe he molested a boy. Clearly that guy is way sick in the head. We ought to shoot him and string him up, the sick monster! It's absurd how we just let these....
  • Criminal Justice Carmen:Wait a second....
  • News Anchor:Mrs. Helena Sandow is expected to face her hearing on the 8th of the coming month....
  • Gender Studies Gina:Now, we can't rush to judge her. Poor thing probably has all sorts of problems at home. We cant just jump to conclusions and assume she is a bad person for all this.
  • Criminal Justice Carmen:Are you kidding me? She ployed a minor, who cannot legally give consent, with alcohol and drugs, not to mention distributed pornographic material to the boy.
  • Gender Studies Gina:No, it's not the same. You see, criminal behavior is a combination of power + dissension of norms. Our society is one wherein no women have power and....
  • Criminal Justice Carmen:You have got to be shitting me! That's not the definition of crime at all!
  • Gender Studies Gina:The dictionary definition is written by men and isn't applicable to women and their realities.
  • Criminal Justice Carmen:In that case, I am DEFINITELY not about to commit aggravated assault, right?