gebal

Silver Tetradrachm from Byblos, Phonecia, c.  544 BC    

A hippocamp swims below a Phonecian galley with 3 hoplites aboard. On the reverse, a lion attacks a bull, inscription above.

The Phoenician seamen were renowned in Antiquity; Homer mentions them in the Odyssey. Founded more than seven thousand years ago, Byblos is one of the eldest cities in the world that is still inhabited; its influence is due to its trade with the Egypt of the Pharaohs, to whom it supplied Lebanese wood.

Egyptian style Sphinx on a unique Silver Shekel from Byblos (Phoenicia) c. 450-410 BC

Sphinx crouching wearing double-crown of Egypt. On the reverse, a hippocamp and Punic inscription all in an incuse square and dotted frame. Unique and unrecorded.

It has been suggested that the Punic characters on the reverse, equating ‘M’ and ‘G’, could abbreviate ‘King of Byblos’ since Gebal or Gibel was the ancient Phoenician name for the city the Greeks called Byblus. Such an identification seems likely considering the hippocampus was a prominent feature on later silver coins of Byblus and the obverse finds exact parallels to coins found at the site. Even more convincing is the vast body of numismatic and archaeological evidence that testifies to the strong Egyptian influence in Byblus – hence the importance of the sphinx obverse.

Legend provides the city with strong ties to Isis, who at one point is said to have been in service to its king and queen; we are also told that Osiris’ coffin landed at Byblus. Furthermore, the sphinx on this shekel and its related issues is not the standard Greco-Roman version, but is distinctly Egyptian in appearance: it wears the Nemes headcloth, upon which is placed the dual crown of Upper and Lower Egypt, with the bottom crown representing Lower Egypt (the Delta) and the top part representing Upper Egypt. Its right forepaw may be raised above a lotus flower, and its serpent-like tail may represent the snake Agathodaeomon.

Founded more than seven thousand years ago, Byblos is one of the eldest cities in the world that is still inhabited; its influence is due to its trade with the Egypt of the Pharaohs, to whom it supplied Lebanese wood.

PLACES IN THE ANCIENT WORLD: Phoenicia (Lebanon, Syria & Northern Israel) 

PHOENICIA was an ancient civilization comprised of independent city-states which lay along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, comprising of what is now Syria, Lebanon and northern Israel. The Phoenicians were a great maritime people, known for their mighty ships adorned with horses’ heads in honor of their god of the sea, Yamm. The island city of Tyre and the city of Sidon were the most powerful states in Phoenicia with Gebal/Byblos and Baalbek as the most important spiritual/religious cities. 

Phoenician city-states began to take form c. 3200 BCE and were firmly established by c. 2750 BCE. Phoenicia rose to prominence as a maritime trader and manufacturing center from c.1500-332 BCE and was highly regarded for their skill in ship-building, glass-making, the production of dyes, and an impressive level of skill in the manufacture of luxury and common goods. 

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Info by Joshua J. Mark on Ancient History Encyclopedia

Orchid

Wieder so ein T-Shirt, das seinen Weg per Post zu mir fand. Der Grund ist relativ einfach: Ich hatte nie die Gelegenheit, ein Orchid-Konzert zu besuchen. Weil mir Farbwahl, Motiv und nicht zuletzt der Titel der zum Shirt gehörenden Platte derart gut gefielen, habe ich es eben kurzerhand bestellt. »Dance tonight! Revolution tomorrow!« Großartig.

Die Platte ist im Übrigen auch toll. Kurz, brachial und auf den Punkt. Etwas über eine Viertelstunde Screamo-Geballer und alles ist erzählt. Mein Orchid-Lieblingslied enthält das Album auch noch: »I am Nietzsche« – mit Intro als einzig ruhige Passage der Platte.

Jedenfalls käme da jetzt noch die Gelegenheit, ein Konzert von Orchid anzuschauen. Das mit dem Besuchen ist ein für allemal vorbei. Dieser Auftritt aus dem Jahr 2002 war der letzte der Band. …and the Cat turned to Smoke.