Since corporations are now global, I’m a little skeptical of the notion of “energy independence” as it is often sold to the public. But one thing is for sure, the United States has plenty of petroleum to go around. And it is set to become the world’s largest producer of petroleum in spite of policies of its federal government.

The US is overtaking Saudi Arabia to become the world’s largest producer of liquid petroleum, in a sign of how its booming oil production has reshaped the energy sector.

US production of oil and related liquids such as ethane and propane was neck-and-neck with Saudi Arabia in June and again in August at about 11.5m barrels a day, according to the International Energy Agency, the watchdog backed by rich countries.

With US production continuing to boom, its output is set to exceed Saudi Arabia’s this month or next for the first time since 1991.

Bulgarian energy minister Vasil Shtonov said on September 23 that the gas interconnector between Romania and Bulgaria is expected to go into operation in 2015. The pipeline will play a key role in reducing Bulgaria’s dependence on a single energy source, together with the Gas Interconnector Greece-Bulgaria (IGB Pipeline), which is also under construction, Shtonov told the Natural Gas - Infrastructure, Market, and Services conference, according to a statement released by the ministry. The 25-kilometre Romania-Bulgaria pipeline links the southern Romanian village of Comasca with Marten, in northern Bulgaria, under the Danube river. The project includes the construction of a 15 kilometre pipeline in Bulgaria, another 7.5 kilometres in Romania and a 2.5 kilometre underwater section. The maximum design capacity of the pipeline is 1.5 billion cubic metres a year. The other gas pipeline, linking Bulgaria to Greece, is expected to become operational in 2016. The 182-kilometre IGB Pipeline, which will start at the northeastern Greek city of Komotini and end at Stara Zagora, in southern Bulgaria, will carry 3 billion cubic metres of natural gas annually in its initial stage and will have a maximum capacity of 5 billion cubic metres per year. It will be eventually connected to the Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP), part of the Southern Gas Corridor. According to Shtonov, the expected supply of one billion cubic metres of gas annually from the Shah Deniz 2 field through the Southern Gas Corridor represents about 40% of the current gas consumption of Bulgaria. (via Interconnector Bulgaria -Romania seen in 2015 | neurope.eu)

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The Eta Carinae regions of the Carina Nebula

This panoramic view combines a new image of the field around the Wolf–Rayet star WR 22 in the Carina Nebula with an earlier picture of the region around the unique star Eta Carinae in the heart of the nebula. The picture was created from images taken with the Wide Field Imager on the MPG/ESO 2.2-metre telescope at ESO’s La Silla Observatory in Chile.

Credit: ESO/La Silla

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Two ways of dealing with tear gas grenades from comrades in Turkey:
1. Submerge them in water. Make sure you can close off the container cause the gas will still spread for a while. Don’t use glass, Turkish protesters have used big plastic water gallons.

2. Throw them in the fire so the gas burns off before it can spread. Use a gas mask, burning CS gas creates toxic gas locally. 

Use gloves, gas grenades get hot and can burn your hands.

Reflections in the Orion Nebula - M78

This image of the reflection nebula Messier 78 was captured using the Wide Field Imager camera on the MPG/ESO 2.2-metre telescope at the La Silla Observatory, Chile. This colour picture was created from many monochrome exposures taken through blue, yellow/green and red filters, supplemented by exposures through a filter that isolates light from glowing hydrogen gas.

Credit: ESO

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