Top back to school tips from 1909

On Monday, the American Academy of Pediatrics issued a statement saying that high- and middle- schools should start no earlier than 8:30 am. Dr.  Judith Owens, lead author of the AAP’s report, explains that “chronic sleep loss in children and adolescents is one of the most common – and easily fixable – public health issues in the U.S. today.” She adds, “studies have shown that delaying early school start times is one key factor that can help adolescents get the sleep they need to grow and learn.”

This is not the first time that experts have considered the benefits of starting school later — the topic has been brought up around this time for the past few years. Until schools make the shift (the AAP notes that only 15 percent of schools start at 8:30 or later), the recommendation is less policy change and more back-to-school tip: sleep more, feel better. That recommendation dates back at least 100 years.


According to an article titled, “Timely Hints for the School Girl Who Wants to Keep in the Best of Health” published on August 29, 1909, “no schoolgirl should be at her books after 10 o’clock… the sensible schoolgirl aims to manage her work so that she can go to bed by 10:30.” That article has some other good tips, as well, and we think they might be useful for girls (and boys) going back to school in 2014.

Don’t munch on candy when your teacher is not looking:

“Few girls in vacation munch candy all day the way they do in Winter. It is the exceptional girl who does not have sweets of some sort in her desk to swallow hastily when teacher is not looking.”


Don’t eat too much candy during recess, either:

“If too conscientious to eat in school, the self-sacrifice is more than made up at recess. Those recess feastings are responsible for more broken-down scholars than books ever were.”

Limit your cream puff and pickle consumption:

“Let the ambitious girl who wants to get through her school year with honors beware how she stuffs pickles, cream puffs, sundaes and candy between meals.”


Image from Wikimedia Commons.

Romp outside for an hour and a half every day:

“When children are young parents should make a point of having them romp outdoors at least an hour and a half each day, no matter how busy they are, nor how they growl that they will “flunk next day.”


Relax, a little:

“Relaxation is advisable for the schoolgirl. Not too much of it nor too often, but enough to keep her from getting in a rut or becoming a ‘grind.’’


Enjoy your weekends:

“Girls should refuse invitations that will keep them out late at night during the school week; but Saturday, Friday evening, and Sunday should be kept as free of study and full of healthful pleasure as possible.”


Written by Danielle Wiener-Bronner; Edited by Margarita Noriega; All images from the New York Public Library unless otherwise noted. 

Ustedes - Música


‘Ustedes' es una agrupación nacida en el seno de la capital queretana. Conformada desde 2008, cuentan con 2 producciones discográficas independientes, siendo ” . ” (2009) su primer entrega pública. Grabado en el Estudio Arpa Rota por el Ing. Aldo Téllez y masterizado en Fénix Lab por Paco Méndez, cuenta con 8 temas y 3 bonus tracks para un total de 11 canciones que reúnen los primeros sonidos del grupo. Actualmente se encuentran en la composición/grabación/deschavetización de su tercer producción discográfica titulada ‘El gallo’

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Pokedex Entry: Mewssingno., the Future-Devouring Pokemon.

Mewssingno. is the only Pokemon with complete omniscience. It knows where you live. It knows who you love. It knows you still pee your bed at night. And it knows you tried to cheat to get infinite Rare Candies and Masterballs. 

Larger view here:

I want this song to go out in the world and not be about my critics, I want it to be about the girl who’s criticizing someone in eleventh grade because she thinks that her hair looks stupid. And that girl then goes and like cries in the bathroom because of it. These are things that we go through in every phase of our lives, starting a new job and there’s just someone who has it out for you. And I hope that maybe, you know, I had a lot of days when I would come home from school, and get in the car and my mom would try so hard to console me ‘cause someone had made fun of me or someone had said something about me, or not invited me to something I was dying to go to. And she would always try to find songs that bring me out of that, and music always helped distract me from that, so I think my greatest hope is that this started out being about my life and I just want it to go out into cars, and speakers, and earphones, and become about their lives.
—  Taylor on what she wants the message of ‘Shake It Off’ to be. (x)

There are things that unite a generation much more than plain demographics. The movies we watch, the music we listen to, and the books we read end up defining who we are.

Our generation grew up with Robin Williams. He is part of our cultural pantheon. In the outpouring of grief after his passing yesterday, you can find a light in the darkness: art has the power to unite and inspire in a way that almost nothing else can.

Robin Williams was a true artist and has left behind a generation that can’t separate their childhood memories from his performances. His laugh is as iconic as the melody we all heard as the ice cream truck drove by.

We asked people what they would say to Robin if they could say goodbye, if they could say thank you, what they’ll always remember.

The people we talked to could not be more different from one another, yet the look in their eye when we said “Robin Williams” felt like it came from the same heart.

Some called him Genie, others called him Captain, but everyone said thank you.

Photos and writing by Elisa Rodriguez-Vila; Edited by Margarita Noriega

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Folk Bellydance by Draconette

by Draconette

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Ferguson, a Missouri town with 21,111 residents according to the 2013 Census, erupted in a tidal wave of public tension this week after police shot and killed an unarmed 18-year-old black man.

Michael Brown was fatally shot Saturday after an officer encountered two people on the street near an apartment complex, The Associated Press reported Monday.

Anger over the shooting boiled over into Monday when police used tear gas and rubber bullets against protesters, The Washington Post’s Wesley Lowery reported from Ferguson: 


The Guardian’s Jon Swaine reported seeing much of the same


On Tuesday afternoon, the Federal Aviation Administration banned flights under 3,000 feet above Ferguson. While the shooting in Ferguson is the latest incident in a line of racial unrest between police and civilians, tensions have been a long time in the making, according to a 2013 study from Pew Research Center


From Pew: 

Seven-in-ten blacks say African Americans are treated less fairly than whites in their dealings with police. Some 37% of whites say blacks are treated less fairly in this realm and an additional 13% say they do not know.

This disparity is quite recognizable in Ferguson, according to The Los Angeles Times: 

Blacks make up 65% of Ferguson’s population, yet they accounted for 93% of arrests after traffic stops, 92% of searches and 80% of traffic stops in the city last year, according to a racial profiling report by the Missouri attorney general.

Blacks in Ferguson are twice as likely as whites to be stopped by police even though police find contraband for 34% of whites stopped, versus 22% of blacks, said Scott Decker, a criminologist on a team contracted by the attorney general’s office to compile the data.

The Ferguson Police Department has 53 commissioned officers, but only three of them are black, according to the Times.

Written by Abby Rogers; Edited by Margarita Noriega