Scaly Pholiota (Sharp-scaly Pholiota) - Pholiota squarrosoides 

Theoretically, Pholiota squarrosoides (Strophariaceae) can be separated from the very similar Pholiota squarrosa without the use of a microscope, since its gills go from whitish to rusty brown without passing through a greenish stage, and its cap is often slightly sticky underneath the scales (as opposed to the always-dry cap of Pholiota squarrosa). Additionally, Pholiota squarrosoides never develops the garlicky odor that some collections of Pholiota squarrosa develop.

This is a saprobic and parasitic mushroom; growing in clusters (rarely alone or scattered) on the wood of hardwoods. The species is fairly widely distributed in North America, but very rare in the whole of Europe.

References: [1] - [2]

Photo credit: ©Tatiana Bulyonkova | Locality: Akademgorodok, Novosibirsk, Western Siberia, Russia (2010)


She’s fired! This is the piece I had uploaded on here a few months back while it was still unfinished. I supposed its still not complete. I have to repair her hand and foot still and I may add paint to it to blend out some of the colors, and highlight others that didn’t come out as much as I would have liked with the underglazes. Hopefully soon I will make a post of her ACTUALLY finished to my liking, but until then, enjoy!

Organic Mushroom Farming and Mycoremediation Simple to Advanced and Experimental Techniques for Indoor and Outdoor Cultivation by Tradd Cotter

"With innovative new methods for urban and off-grid growing, making mushroom-infused beers, morel cultivation, and more

What would it take to grow mushrooms in space? How can mushroom cultivation help us manage, or at least make use of, invasive species and thereby reduce dependence on herbicides? Is it possible to develop a low-cost and easy-to-implement mushroom-growing kit that would provide high-quality edible protein and bioremediation in the wake of a natural disaster? How can we advance our understanding of morel cultivation so that growers stand a better chance of success?

For more than twenty years, mycologist Tradd Cotter has been pondering these questions and researching for answers. In Organic Mushroom Farming and Mycoremediation, Cotter offers readers an in-depth exploration of best organic mushroom cultivation practices, for both indoor and outdoor growing of a wide variety of species. He also shares insight into his groundbreaking research on challenges such as cultivating morels, “training” mycelium to respond to specific contaminants, and perpetuating spawn on cardboard without the use of electricity.

For those who aspire to the self-sufficiency gained by generating and expanding spawn rather than purchasing it, Cotter covers lab techniques, including low-cost alternatives that make use of existing infrastructure and materials. Readers will also discover information on making tinctures, powders, and mushroom-infused honey; making an antibacterial mushroom cutting board; and growing mushrooms on old denim jeans.

More than a cultivation guide, Organic Mushroom Farming and Mycoremediation is about healing the people and the planet, one mushroom and one cultivator at a time, reversing destructive cycles into creative forces. Cotter urges readers to think with an opportunistic yet minimalistic approach, much like a mushroom, taking what it needs to survive and then returning resources to its ecosystem.

Geared toward readers who want to grow mushrooms without the use of pesticides, Cotter takes “organic” one step further by introducing an entirely new way of thinking—one that looks at the potential to grow mushrooms on just about anything, just about anywhere, and by anyone.”

Amethyst Deceiver - Laccaria amethystina

The purple Laccaria amethystina (Hydnangiaceae), commonly known as the Amethyst Deceiver, is ectomycorrhizal, forming symbiotic associations with hardwoods or conifers in America, Europe and Asia. It produces deep purple, edible mushrooms, that grow among moss and leaf litter under deciduous as well as coniferous trees.

References: [1] - [2]

Photo credit: ©Tatiana Bulyonkova | Locality: P´ot´I, Caucasus mountains, Georgia (2012)