The M1910 was developed by Societal Siderugica Glisenti, an Italian firearms manufacturer, to replace the ageing Bodeo M1889 revolver. Designed by Bethel Abiel Revelli the pistol used a short recoil system and a pivoting locking wedge it fed for a 7-round magazine. There pistol has an unusual grip safety at the front of the grip running down from the trigger guard (see image #2).
Chambered in the proprietary 9mm Glisenti round which shares some of the dimensions of its better known contemporary 9mm Parabellum but is less powerful and has a slower velocity. Development of the pistol began in 1906 with Glisenti purchasing Revelli’s design who in turn sold the manufacturing rights to another company Metallurgica Bresica gia Tempini. In 1909 the Italian army tested the pistol in its original 7.65x22mm calibre and requested it be chambered in a more powerful round similar to the new German 9x19mm round. Because the pistol’s design was inherently incapable of withstanding the higher pressures of 9mm Parabellum the result was the weaker 9mm Glisenti.
The pistol saw service during the First World War with approximately 100,000 being made before it was increasingly supplanted in service from 1916 onwards by better designs from Berretta who still provide Italy’s service pistol today. The M1910 also saw some limited use during World War Two and the design was revised and sold on the civilian market by Metallurgica Bresica gia Tempini as the Braxia.
Image One Source
Image Two Source
Pistols of the World, I. Hogg & J Weeks (1992)