Powell began working on concepts for the characters’ looks almost two years before principal photography began in the summer of 2013 on the sound stages of England’s Pinewood Studios. The British designer viewed the animated film before starting her design process just out of curiosity, but she was influenced subconsciously by the size of the ball gown in which Cinderella makes her dramatic entrance to the palace ball. She began with the sketch, above.
“I wanted to make the gown look enormous,” she says. “The gown had to look lovely when she dances and runs away from the ball. I wanted her to look like she was floating, like a watercolor painting.” To convey a weightless, flowing dress, the voluminous skirt was composed of more than a dozen fine layers of fabric that included crepeline silk, printed polyester, and iridescent nylon in different shades of blue and turquoise. Underneath those layers, James wore a corset and petticoat. In the end, nine versions of Cinderella’s ball gown were created, each featuring more than 270 yards of fabric and 10,000 Swarovski crystals. It took 18 tailors and 500 hours to complete per dress.
- Sandy Powell on designing Cinderella’s beautiful ball gown
"The butterflies…were one of my very first ideas before I even knew what sort of dress it was going to be. I was thinking about how the transformation scene would happen, even though it’s a visual effect, of course. I was thinking, ‘Well, what would make sense and if there was some decoration what would it be?’ And I kind of thought of flowers, then I thought, ‘I don’t want to do flowers.’ And then I thought about how Cinderella is one with nature, her friends are the creatures and it would be quite nice if the creatures helped make that dress as it were. So, I just had this notion of the butterfly landing on her and then turning into the decoration. And then afterwards they would fly away. And that sort of ended up happening really."
- Sandy Powell on incorporating butterflies into the design in “Cinderella”
"I came back to blue because it actually is the most attractive colour and it just seemed appropriate. Then of course it went back to the fact that the original one is blue. And then once I’ve come to that conclusion I realized there’s no way in the world I could have made it any colour other than blue because it just is. Cinderella’s ball gown is blue. And I think there would of been like millions of little girls around the world horribly disappointed or telling me I’ve done it wrong."
- Sandy Powell on choosing the colour of Cinderella’s ball gown
The biggest challenge of all was bringing Cinderella’s famous glass slipper to life. Instead of using glass, Powell designed a five-inch heel made out of Swarovski crystal based on a shoe from the 1890s that she saw in a museum in Northampton, England. “The most important thing was the shoes had to sparkle, which meant it had to be made out of crystal because glass does not sparkle,” she explains. Eight pairs of the shoes were created, but James wore none due to the fact that crystal has no movement. To appear on-screen as if she were wearing glass shoes, the visual effects department turned her leather shoes she wore on set into crystal. “Just like the Fairy Godmother,” Powell says, “we can do magic.”
- Sandy Powell on designing the iconic glass slipper in “Cinderella”
Happy Trans Visibility Day from me and my boyfriend!!
I have had some support from teachers and friends since I came out a month ago but not any with my parents and not any understanding from siblings. I’m holding onto hope that I’ll move to Washington state in the next year or two and live free of discrimination, I know there’s always going to be hate but I’m hoping it’ll be better there. It’s not easy first coming out, I still get “ma’am” but I’m fighting for my happiness inside, and the acceptance on Tumblr gives me hope :) have a great day guys gals and everyone inbetween!!
14) Lindhurst High School – 1992 - On May 1st, 1992, an angered 20-year-old Eric Houston brought a shotgun and a rifle to Lindhurst High School, his former high school located in Olivehurst, California. He promptly went on a killing spree that culminated in the deaths of three students and one teacher,and the injury of nine students and one teacher. Houston claimed that his motivation for the murders included anger over his inability to graduate from high school, the loss of his job, and the fact that he had failed Civics at Lindhurst. Houston was found guilty and sentenced to death in 1993, but he is still awaiting execution.
13. Westside Middle School – 1998 - The massacre that took place at Westside Middle School, near Jonesboro, Arkansas, is chilling, not only because of the horrific events, but because of the age of the attackers. Mitchell Scott Johnson was only 14, while Andrew Douglas Golden was only 12 when they murdered four students and one teacher at their junior high school. Like Houston, they also injured nine students and one teacher. Both boys were sentenced to juvenile detention facilities after being found guilty for five counts of murder, but each boy was released from confinement on his 21stbirthday.
12. Cleveland Elementary School – 1979 - Brenda Spencer was only 16 when she killed the principal and a custodian at Cleveland Elementary School in San Diego, California. In addition to the murders, she also injured eight children and one police officer. When asked why she committed the murders, Spencer, who had a history of depression and a brain injury, infamously replied, “I don’t like Mondays.” It’s hardly a shock that the jury didn’t find this excuse to be satisfactory – Spencer was found guilty and sentenced to 25 years to life.
11. Chardon High School – 2012 - In 2012, 17-year-old TJ Lane murdered three students, seriously injured two, afflicted minor injuries on one, and permanently injured a seventh at Chardon High School in Ohio. Many who knew Lane were shocked at the murders, often describing him as a nice and quiet boy. However, this description fails to mesh with Lane’s actions in the courtroom: he wore a shirt with “killer” written across it and, when he exited, told the courtroom audience, “The hand that pulled the trigger that killed your sons now masturbates to the memory. F*** all of you.”
10. Red Lake High School – 2005 - 16-year-old Jeffrey Weise committed murders, not only at his high school, but also in his own home. Weise first shot and murdered his grandfather and his grandfather’s girlfriend, then stole his grandfather’s police car, drove to Red Lake Senior High, and proceeded to murder another seven people and injure five. The attack culminated with an altercation with the police and Weise’s suicide. One of the most unsettling aspects of this school shooting is that witnesses claimed Weise was smiling during the entire event.
9. Cleveland Elementary School – 1989 - While most of the murderers who comprise this list were relatively young and thus, had little to no criminal history, Patrick Purdy, who killed 5 children at Cleveland Elementary School in Stockton, had an extensive criminal history record. Purdy also injured 29 children and one teacher before committing suicide. Purdy’s massacre seems largely motivated by racism. Prior to the murders, he spouted white-supremacist doctrine and frequently complained about Southeast Asian students – additionally, the murders at Cleveland Elementary School were focused on Southeast Asian children.
8. Northern Illinois University – 2008 - The five murders committed by Steve Kazmierczak at Northern Illinois University are the first on this list that occurred at a university. In addition to the five murders, Kazmierczak also injured 21 people and finished his killing spree by committing suicide. One of the main contributing factors to Kazmierczak’s murders is the fact that several weeks before he snapped, he had stopped taking medication for mental illness, including Prozac, Ambien and Xanax. Today, a memorial exists at Northern Illinois University to commemorate those whose lives were taken from them by Kazmierczak.
7. West Nickel Mines Amish School – 2006 - In 2006, a man named Charles Roberts IV murdered five Amish schoolgirls and injured five more at West Nickel Mines in Pennsylvania. Unlike most of the murderers on this list, Roberts had little connection with the school where he committed this massacre. Although he delivered milk in the Amish area, Roberts was not Amish himself. Despite this horrific atrocity, the Amish community met the events with forgiveness and acceptance, even calling the newly rebuilt school the “New Hope School.”
6. CSU Fullerton – 1976 - 37-year-old Edward Charles Allaway, a custodian at CSU Fullerton, opened fire on university students, killing seven and injuring two. Allaway confessed to the crime and even handed himself over to the police. Ultimately, Allaway was found not guilty due to insanity: he was victim of several delusions, the most severe of which involved the belief that his wife, from whom Allaway was recently separated, was being forced to participate in pornography. Although this shooting occurred nearly forty years ago, Allaway’s mental illness has not abated: he is currently institutionalized at Patton State Hospital.
5. Oikos University – 2012 - Former student One L. Goh arrived at Oikos University in Oakland, California, and promptly killed seven students and injured three. Although Oakland has a violent repuation, this killing is considered the city’s deadliest massacre. Goh had several disagreements with the school, including financial disputes, claims that students mistreated him, and that he was allegedly expelled. Because Goh has been diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia, he currently awaits sentencing, but his outcome looks grim.
4. University of Texas – 1966 - Former marine Charles J. Whitman was only 25 when he killed 16 people, including his wife and mother, and injured 32 at the University of Texas, Austin, before being shot and killed by an Austin police officer. Whitman, who had a history of spousal abuse, was able to kill such an astonishing number of people because he had an advantageous position: located in the university’s tower, Whitman was able to snipe all of his victims. Although it occurred nearly 50 years ago, the University of Texas Massacre remains one of the deadliest school shootings in American history.
3. Sandy Hook – 2012 - The Sandy Hook shooting in Newton, Connecticut is both the most recent massacre on this list and the deadliest to ever occur at a high school in the US. Adam Lanza killed a total of 20 children and six teachers, after shooting and killing his own mother at their home. Lanza added another death to the total when he shot himself in the head as police arrived on the scene. We can only hope that the horrific incident at Sandy Hook will be the last of its kind.
2. Virginia Tech – 2007 - The attack waged by Seung-Hui Cho at Virginia Tech, in 2007, is one of the deadliest massacres ever committed by a single gunman. Cho murdered a total of 32 people and injured 17. The events at Virginia Tech helped raise public awareness about mental health – Cho had been previously diagnosed with mental disorders, but never received the help he needed.
1. Columbine – 1999 - Although the events that transpired at Columbine High School in 1999 don’t make up the deadliest school shooting in American history, it is certainly the school shooting that resonates most in the public consciousness. Two senior boys formulated a highly complicated attack plan and implemented it on April 20th. They murdered 12 students, one teacher, and injured a total of 24 people. Like many of the massacres on this list, the events at Columbine ended with the suicides of the perpetrators. The Columbine Massacre deeply affected the American public and elicited many public conversations about the nature of gun control, bullying and violence in the media.