failed-legislation

SPOTTED DOWNTOWN: Young guys wearing ill-fitting suits and young ladies wearing skirts way too short/tight (and walking like horses because they haven’t yet mastered heels).

Yep, must be Sacramento high schools’ annual field trip to the Big White Building!

Have fun kids - we’ll see some of you back here in a few years!

A park in name only — New legislation to establish Canadas first urban national park misses the mark

Ottawa — Yesterday’s passage of the Rouge National Urban Park Act is no cause for celebration. The proposed legislation fails to establish nature conservation as the priority in park management, ignoring provincial, national and international standa

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Effort To Separate Robert E. Lee, Martin Luther King Days Fails In Arkansas

Effort To Separate Robert E. Lee, Martin Luther King Days Fails In Arkansas

By Steve Barnes LITTLE ROCK, Ark., Jan 28 (Reuters) - A bid to end Arkansas’ practice of honoring civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. and Confederate General Robert E. Lee on the same day failed in a state legislative committee on Wednesday. Republican Representative Nate Bell, the sponsor of the legislation, would have reserved the January date for King alone and established a memorial day, although not a holiday, for Lee in November. Representative Frederick Love, a Little Rock Democrat, who is African-American and the author of a bill nearly identical to Bell’s, said: “Obviously I’m disappointed. “It would be a good, positive step in race relations.” Southern states Arkansas, Mississippi and Alabama have observed a joint holiday for King and Lee for years. Arkansas in the 1940s set up a day in mid-January to honor Lee and created a King holiday in 1983. Two years after that, it combined the two for a joint day marked on the third Monday in January. Bell’s legislation was criticized by Confederate legacy organizations that saw it as a slight to an important figure in the South’s history. It was praised by human rights groups that cited the incongruity of honoring on the same day a top-ranking military officer who fought for the secession of the slave-holding Southern Confederacy, and a civil rights champion who battled to end racial segregation. Bell said he was uncertain if he would attempt to revive his bill. Love said he would “definitely” pursue his, but might amend it in some form to make it more acceptable to his colleagues. (Editing by Jon Herskovitz and Peter Cooney)

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/01/28/robert-e-lee-day-arkansas_n_6567164.html See More at : www.whatsnewworld.info

It’s still legal to deny housing to LGBT Virginians after a Senate committee on Monday failed to advance legislation amid concerns that a fair housing bill would violate religious freedoms, while delaying another bill until next week that would protect LGBT workers in public employment.

Oregon Becomes The Focus Of Efforts To Expand Background Checks For Guns

GRANTS PASS, Ore. (AP) — Fresh off a victory in Washington state, a leading gun control group backed by billionaire Michael Bloomberg is hoping to make Oregon its next prize in a campaign to require gun sales to go through universal background checks.

Everytown for Gun Safety backed a voter-approved initiative in Washington last year that made the state the 17th in the country to expand background checks past the federal standard applying only to licensed gun dealers. “This is our top priority,” said the group’s spokeswoman Erika Soto Lamb.

The organization came out of a merger last year between Bloomberg’s Mayors Against Illegal Guns, and Moms Demand Action for Gun Sense in America. It has been spending tens of millions of dollars on political operations.

Now its attention is on Oregon, where the state Legislature narrowly failed to pass legislation two years running to require background checks for private gun sales.

According to state records, Everytown spent nearly $600,000 on the 2014 election — $450,000 in contributions to candidates and committees, and $110,000 on other grassroots efforts.

Part of that was devoted to strengthening the Democratic majority in the state Senate, the key battleground.

Democrats ended up expanding their majority by two seats to 18-12 in the Senate. The party holds a stronger majority in the House. Gov. John Kitzhaber, a Democrat, is a longtime supporter and is expected to sign the bill if it passes.

“There’s a loophole there that can be closed,” said Lamb.

Oregon voters extended background checks to require them for sales at gun shows in 2000.

Senate Judiciary Chairman Sen. Floyd Prozanski, D-Eugene, plans to introduce legislation to expand that to private gun sales. The bill would require anyone selling a gun privately to call state police for a background check on criminal history and mental illness. It would exclude sales among family members, inheritances and antique guns.

“I want to put closure on the only loophole we have on the background check law,” said Prozanksi, a native Texan who owns a few guns. “Most all of us gun owners, as well as the general public, believe we should take reasonable steps to stop felons from getting easy access to guns. This will do that.”

Opponents include Democratic state Sen. Betsy Johnson of Scappoose and the National Rifle Association.

“The NRA is not privy to the specifics of the legislation, but Oregonians should not be fooled by the rhetoric from out of state gun control groups funded by New York billionaire Michael Bloomberg,” NRA spokeswoman Jennifer Baker said in a statement. “They are pushing an extreme anti-gun agenda that seeks to curtail Oregonians’ constitutional right to self-defense.”

Under federal law, background checks through the National Instant Criminal Background Check System are required for sales by licensed gun dealers, but not at gun shows or private transactions. The checks target convicted felons, people under indictment, the mentally ill, drug users, people under restraining orders, dishonorably discharged veterans and people in the country illegally. But not all states report mental health records to the system.

About 40 percent of Oregon households have guns. And the state has had its share of horrifying shootings.

In 1998, Kip Kinkel went to his high school in Springfield with guns his parents bought to teach him to shoot. He opened fire on the cafeteria, killing two and wounding 25.

In 2012, three days before the deadly Newtown, Connecticut, school shooting, Jacob Tyler Roberts took a stolen semi-automatic AR-15 rifle to the Clackamas Town Center mall outside Portland, where he killed two people and wounded one before killing himself.

Last June, high school freshman Jared Michael Padgett took his brother’s assault-style rifle to school. He killed a student and wounded a teacher before killing himself.

None of those shootings would have been stopped by background checks, said Johnson, the key opponent of last year’s bill.

“It puts law abiding citizens at a significant disadvantage,” she said. “And it does not touch the problem, which in most cases involves severely mentally ill, disaffected, alienated young people causing mayhem.”

State police currently conduct about 19,000 background checks a month and deny about 190 of them, Prozanski said.

While private transactions don’t require a check, sellers have an incentive to do them. If a gun they sell is used in a crime, they can be liable if no check was done. They are protected if a check was done.

Prozanski said he hopes that, with the increased number of Democrats favoring gun control in the Senate, he can overcome Johnson’s opposition. The gun control group contributed $75,000 last year to Democratic Sen. Chuck Riley of Hillsboro, who defeated a Republican incumbent opposed to expanded background checks, and $250,000 to the governor.

State records show the NRA made no contributions in the race, though it gave $21,700 to candidates overall.

Oregon Becomes The Focus Of Efforts To Expand Background Checks For Guns

GRANTS PASS, Ore. (AP) — Fresh off a victory in Washington state, a leading gun control group backed by billionaire Michael Bloomberg is hoping to make Oregon its next prize in a campaign to require gun sales to go through universal background checks.

Everytown for Gun Safety backed a voter-approved initiative in Washington last year that made the state the 17th in the country to expand background checks past the federal standard applying only to licensed gun dealers. “This is our top priority,” said the group’s spokeswoman Erika Soto Lamb.

The organization came out of a merger last year between Bloomberg’s Mayors Against Illegal Guns, and Moms Demand Action for Gun Sense in America. It has been spending tens of millions of dollars on political operations.

Now its attention is on Oregon, where the state Legislature narrowly failed to pass legislation two years running to require background checks for private gun sales.

According to state records, Everytown spent nearly $600,000 on the 2014 election — $450,000 in contributions to candidates and committees, and $110,000 on other grassroots efforts.

Part of that was devoted to strengthening the Democratic majority in the state Senate, the key battleground.

Democrats ended up expanding their majority by two seats to 18-12 in the Senate. The party holds a stronger majority in the House. Gov. John Kitzhaber, a Democrat, is a longtime supporter and is expected to sign the bill if it passes.

“There’s a loophole there that can be closed,” said Lamb.

Oregon voters extended background checks to require them for sales at gun shows in 2000.

Senate Judiciary Chairman Sen. Floyd Prozanski, D-Eugene, plans to introduce legislation to expand that to private gun sales. The bill would require anyone selling a gun privately to call state police for a background check on criminal history and mental illness. It would exclude sales among family members, inheritances and antique guns.

“I want to put closure on the only loophole we have on the background check law,” said Prozanksi, a native Texan who owns a few guns. “Most all of us gun owners, as well as the general public, believe we should take reasonable steps to stop felons from getting easy access to guns. This will do that.”

Opponents include Democratic state Sen. Betsy Johnson of Scappoose and the National Rifle Association.

“The NRA is not privy to the specifics of the legislation, but Oregonians should not be fooled by the rhetoric from out of state gun control groups funded by New York billionaire Michael Bloomberg,” NRA spokeswoman Jennifer Baker said in a statement. “They are pushing an extreme anti-gun agenda that seeks to curtail Oregonians’ constitutional right to self-defense.”

Under federal law, background checks through the National Instant Criminal Background Check System are required for sales by licensed gun dealers, but not at gun shows or private transactions. The checks target convicted felons, people under indictment, the mentally ill, drug users, people under restraining orders, dishonorably discharged veterans and people in the country illegally. But not all states report mental health records to the system.

About 40 percent of Oregon households have guns. And the state has had its share of horrifying shootings.

In 1998, Kip Kinkel went to his high school in Springfield with guns his parents bought to teach him to shoot. He opened fire on the cafeteria, killing two and wounding 25.

In 2012, three days before the deadly Newtown, Connecticut, school shooting, Jacob Tyler Roberts took a stolen semi-automatic AR-15 rifle to the Clackamas Town Center mall outside Portland, where he killed two people and wounded one before killing himself.

Last June, high school freshman Jared Michael Padgett took his brother’s assault-style rifle to school. He killed a student and wounded a teacher before killing himself.

None of those shootings would have been stopped by background checks, said Johnson, the key opponent of last year’s bill.

“It puts law abiding citizens at a significant disadvantage,” she said. “And it does not touch the problem, which in most cases involves severely mentally ill, disaffected, alienated young people causing mayhem.”

State police currently conduct about 19,000 background checks a month and deny about 190 of them, Prozanski said.

While private transactions don’t require a check, sellers have an incentive to do them. If a gun they sell is used in a crime, they can be liable if no check was done. They are protected if a check was done.

Prozanski said he hopes that, with the increased number of Democrats favoring gun control in the Senate, he can overcome Johnson’s opposition. The gun control group contributed $75,000 last year to Democratic Sen. Chuck Riley of Hillsboro, who defeated a Republican incumbent opposed to expanded background checks, and $250,000 to the governor.

State records show the NRA made no contributions in the race, though it gave $21,700 to candidates overall.

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New Mexico senator wants to modernize telecom law

SANTA FE, N.M. — A state senator has introduced legislation aimed at modernizing New Mexico’s 30-year-old telecommunications law.

Sen. Majority Whip Michael Padilla says his bill would create a level playing field when it comes to regulation.

By freeing up large carriers from outdated rules, he says the measure would also encourage more investment in broadband and high-speed wireless communications.

Similar legislation failed last year, but Padilla says he and other lawmakers met with stakeholders to resolve some of the issues.

Under the legislation introduced earlier this week, the state Public Regulation Commission would maintain its authority to regulate telecommunications companies on behalf of New Mexico’s consumers.

Padilla says the existing law was adopted years before the widespread adoption of the Internet and wireless communication.

Republicans Trying To Raise Taxes On Small Businesses With Abortion Bill

Republicans Trying To Raise Taxes On Small Businesses With Abortion Bill

After failing to pass legislation imposing a 20-week abortion ban, House Republicans are at it again. This time, there are changes to the language in the bill, and it will instead ban federal funding for abortions. But true to form, the Republicans don’t stop there!

Photo courtesy of Wikimedia

No, the House Republicans added a little extra tidbit of hypocritical legislative garbage into the…

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Colorado lawmakers will take another look at banning speeding and red-light cameras, an idea that has had bipartisan support. Last year, the proposal failed despite support from legislative leaders in each chamber. The Colorado Municipal League, which represents more than 250 communities in the state, says it should be up to cities and towns to decide whether they want the cameras.

Psychology, Paranoia and Pills

Psychology, Paranoia and Pills

One of my most rewarding, albeit unsuccessful, lobby efforts was to authorize specially trained psychologists to prescribe psychotropic drugs. The legislation failed because of opposition from psychiatrists and doctors who said psychologists lacked medical training and wouldn’t comprehend the physical effects of the drugs they prescribed.

I felt then that was a dubious claim. The vast majority of…

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3 bills aim to keep e-cigs out of kids’ hands

3 bills aim to keep e-cigs out of kids’ hands

The New Mexico Legislature once again will consider whether to prohibit the sale to minors of e-cigarettes and liquid nicotine used in vaping.

As was the case last year, the bill will be opposed by an organization that strongly advocates keeping e-cigarettes out of the hands of minors — the American Cancer Society. The group’s lobbyist complains that the legislation fails to define e-cigarettes…

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'Robin Hood' tax scheme advanced by Dems


Rep. Chris Van Hollen, D-Md., the ranking minority member on the House Budget Committee, this week gave new momentum to a progressive plan to impose a fee on Wall Street’s financial trades.

While it is unlikely such a bill can pass in the new Republican-controlled House, the legislation is clearly intended to serve as the basis for a future push to mandate a transaction tax on all trades. Scores of transformational laws, including Obamacare, similarly started off as failed attempts at legislation.

The Congressional Budget Office, however, previously warned a tax on Wall Street financial transactions could “diminish the importance of the United States as a major financial market” and that “imposing the transaction tax would probably reduce output and employment.”

The imposition of the so-called “Robin Hood tax” has been a key demand of the Occupy movement. It is also strongly supported by economists closely associated with billionaire George Soros.

Speaking at the heavily influential Center for American Progress on Monday, Van Hollen outlined a plan he said would result in about $2,000 a year in savings for those earning less than $200,000. Hollen’s proposal would nearly triple the tax credit for child care and calls for tax rewards for those who save at least $500 a year.

The cuts are benefits are to be paid for by Wall Street. Specifically, the scheme is to be funded by a financial transactions tax, or a small fee on individual Wall Street trades.

The plan was originally proposed in 2011 by Rep. Peter DeFazio, D-Ore., as the “Wall Street Trading and Speculators Tax Act,” which some are calling the Robin Hood tax.

At the time, the Congressional Budget Office warned “the transaction tax would probably reduce output and employment” as an immediate economic effect.

The CBO further warned “the transaction tax would reduce the value of existing financial assets, because investors would not be willing to pay as much for assets that had become more costly to trade.”

In a dire assessment, the CBO warned that unless other countries also impose a transaction tax, investment would flow to foreign nations at the expense of the U.S., which would be seen as too costly to do trades in.

“As foreign holders of U.S. securities moved their transactions abroad, more of the market could go with them, which could diminish the importance of the United States as a major
global financial market,” stated the CBO.

DeFazio is closely tied to the country’s largest socialist organization. He previously was listed on scrubbed sections of the website of the Democrat Socialists of America, or DSA, as being a member. He is a founder of the Congressional Progressive Caucus, which also was founded by and originally openly partnered with the DSA.

DeFazio’s tax legislation evolved ideologically from a concept called the Tobin tax, which was originally defined as a tax on all spot conversions of one currency into another. That tax was hatched by Nobel Laureate economist James Tobin after the Bretton Woods system of monetary management ended in 1971.

Supporters claim DeFazio’s bill could raise up to $35 billion annually.

The Congressional Budget Office, however, has warned that DeFazio’s tax on certain financial transactions could “diminish the importance of the United States as a major financial market” and that “imposing the transaction tax would probably reduce output and employment.”

The imposition of the Robin Hood Tax has been a key demand of the Occupy movement. It is heavily supported by billionaire George Soros.

Another prominent supporter of the Robin Hood Tax is Jeffrey Sachs, a Columbia University economist who crafted a controversial economic “shock therapy.” Sachs is a key member of the Institute for New Economic Thinking, or INET.

Soros is INET’s founding sponsor, with the billionaire having provided a reported $25 million over five years to support INET activities.

Last April, Sachs keynoted INET’s annual meeting, which took place in the mountains of Bretton Woods, N.H.

The gathering took place at Mount Washington Hotel, famous for hosting the original Bretton Woods economic agreements drafted in 1944. That conference’s goal was to rebuild a post-World War II international monetary system. The April gathering had a similarly stated goal – a global economic restructuring.

Socialist proposed?

DeFazio, meanwhile, has been linked to the DSA, the principal U.S. branch of the Socialist International and one of the world’s biggest and most influential socialist organizations.

Through the DSA, the Congressional Progressive Caucus, or CPC, was one of the programs of action the Socialist International realized in the early 1990s. The DSA helped to organize the members into the House Progressive Caucus, as the CPC was originally known.

The relationship between the DSA and CPC was evident on the DSA website, which previously listed Caucus founders as DSA members, including DeFazio.

The DSA-CPC files were subsequently removed from the Internet, although some remain accessible in the Internet archive.

After a list of alleged DSA members, including DeFazio, circulated on the Internet last year, long time DSA national director Frank Llewellyn claimed that not one member of Congress is a formal member of the DSA. He explained that in order to join, a person must fill out a form and pay dues.

Still, there is no masking the DSA’s central role in founding the CPC. DeFazio previously even hosted the CPC in his offices.

Socialist founded, website hosted by socialists

The Congressional Progressive Caucus boasts more than 80 members.

In the January/February 1998 issue of Chicago DSA’s “New Ground,” Ron Baiman identified Sen. Bernie Sanders of Vermont and Rep. Barney Frank of Massachusetts as leaders of the Progressive Caucus in Congress which DSA “helped to organize.”

Until November 2002, the website of the Progressive Caucus was hosted by the DSA. Following news reports that drew attention to the congressional website being hosted by the socialist organization, the list of CPC names was moved to the website of Sanders, I-Vt., an avowed socialist, and eventually to its own site.

The issue of the CPC being hosted on the DSA website rose again in June 2000 in connection with a heated dispute on the House floor between Defazio, Rep. Randy “Duke” Cunningham, R-Calif., and David R. Obey, Wis., over the “merits of the F-22 fighter plane.”

When Cunningham stood to defend himself, he threw into his argument the fact the DSA website had a link to the CPC, which DeFazio then led.

Back in 2000, the relationship between the CPC and DSA was an open secret.

In an August 10, 2000, letter to the editor published in “The Kentucky Post,” it was reported that then-Democratic Rep. Ken Lucas had received campaign funds from Reps. Marcy Kaptur, John Lewis, George Miller, Nancy Pelosi, and Charles Rangel, “among others on the far-left.” The writer remarked that “those five names stand out because they are all members of the Congressional Progressive Caucus – a group closely aligned with the Democratic Socialists of America.”

The CPC still had not moved to its own website on April 23, 2002. Balint Vazsonyi responded thusly in the “Washington Times” to the hypothetical question, “‘What?” I hear you say. ‘Socialists in the Congress of the United States?’”

Wrote Vazsony: “Dozens, dear reader, dozens. And they make no secret of it. Although of late it has been refurbished and the address altered, they have their own website. They call themselves members of the Progressive Caucus, until recently an arm of the Democratic Socialists of America, itself an arm of the Socialist International. The Progressive Caucus may be a separate entity now, but the details of its program, as advertised on the Web site, are indistinguishable from that of the Socialist International.

“To their credit, they make no secret of it. Only the rest of us prefer not to believe it.”

In a follow-up article in November 2002, Vazsonyi dug deeper into the continued presence of the CPC on the DSA website. He discussed the issue of constitutionality and the ramifications of the relationship.

He wrote: “The Socialist International carries the torch for Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, V.I. Lenin, Leon Trotsky, and Josef Stalin. Pay no attention to the desperate attempts by socialists to distance themselves from Stalin. For our purposes, it suffices to observe that every single tenet of the Socialist International is the exact opposite of the principles upon which America was founded, and which define the U.S. Constitution.”

The CPC moved its website in late 2002.

‘Socialists active in Congress’

In October 2009, the DSA newsletter reported that 70 congressional Democrats are active members.

The group also claimed 11 socialists sit on the House Judiciary Committee.

The DSA makes clear its preference for working within the Democratic Party for the change it seeks.

“Many socialists have seen the Democratic Party, since at least the New Deal, as the key political arena in which to consolidate this coalition, because the Democratic Party held the allegiance of our natural allies,” the group states in the “Where we stand” section of its website.

“Through control of the government by the Democratic Party coalition, led by anti-corporate forces, a progressive program regulating the corporations, redistributing income, fostering economic growth and expanding social programs could be realized.”

In addition to a national program of “massive redistribution of income from corporations and the wealthy to wage earners and the poor and the public sector,” the DSA also calls for a breaking down the American-style notions of nationalism and national sovereignty.

“A program of global justice can unite opponents of transnational corporations across national boundaries around a common program to transform existing international institutions and invent new global organizations designed to ensure that wages, working conditions, environmental standards and social rights are ‘leveled up’ worldwide,” the group says on its website. “The basis of cooperation for fighting the transnationals must be forged across borders from its inception. Economic nationalism and other forms of chauvinism will doom any expanded anti-corporate agenda.”

It also states in the group’s mission statement: “A democratic socialist politics for the 21st century must promote an international solidarity dedicated to raising living standards across the globe, rather than ‘leveling down’ in the name of maximizing profits and economic efficiency. Equality, solidarity, and democracy can only be achieved through international political and social cooperation aimed at ensuring that economic institutions benefit all people. Democratic socialists are dedicated to building truly international social movements – of unionists, environmentalists, feminists, and people of color – that together can elevate global justice over brutalizing global competition.”

Communist anthem

While the DSA tries to paint distinctions between its brand of socialism and communism, before scrubbing its website, the site included a song list that included:

“The Internationale,” the worldwide anthem of Communism and socialism.

“Red Revolution” sung to the tune of “Red Robin,” with these lyrics: “When the Red Revolution brings its solution along, along, there’ll be no more lootin’ when we start shootin’ that Wall Street throng. …”

“Are You Sleeping, Bourgeoisie?” Lyrics included: “Are you sleeping? Are you sleeping? Bourgeoisie, Bourgeoisie. And when the revolution comes, We’ll kill you all with knives and guns, Bourgeoisie, Bourgeoisie.”

The DSA is a political action committee and bills itself as the heir to the defunct Socialist Party of America. Its chief organizing objective is to work within the Democratic Party as the primary, but not sole, method of achieving public ownership of private property and the means of production.

“Stress our Democratic Party strategy and electoral work,” explains an internal organizing document obtained by WND. “The Democratic Party is something the public understands, and association with it takes the edge off. Stressing our Democratic Party work will establish some distance from the radical subculture and help integrate you to the milieu of the young liberals.”

Close working relationship

Demonstrating the close relationship between the DSA and the Progressive Caucus, in October 2010 WND reported the Democratic chairman of the powerful House Judiciary Committee was caught on tape meeting with DSA leaders to discuss how the group can cooperate to strengthen President Obama and advance their “one-world” plans.

Rep. John Conyers, D-Mich., who has a long history with the DSA, was recorded promoting a “one-world” government while asking the socialist group to organize against the war in Afghanistan and in support of Obama’s policies.

Conyers was a special guest at a two-day convention in Detroit in March 1982 that resulted in the formation of DSA.

Conyers has spoken at numerous DSA events, including at the socialist group’s national dinner in 2008, where he was the keynote.

Conyers was one of 13 founders of Congressional Black Caucus, which long has promoted far-left causes. He is the most prominent lawmaker lobbying to free Mumia Abu-Jamal, the convicted murderer of a Philadelphia police officer. He has advocated on behalf of the Marxist Nicaraguan Sandinista dictatorship and has called for the U.S. to end its sanctions against Fidel Castro’s communist regime.

With additional research by Brenda J. Elliott


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OFCOM

Ofcom, the Office of Communications, is the government funded regulation organisation that regulates TV, radio, mobiles, and postal services. They regulate all communication services, ensuring they’re adhering to the laws and codes. Audiences in the UK rely on Ofcom to give them the best services by protecting them from scams and dodgy practices. They act under under certain parliament acts, for example, Communications Act 2003. It’s their job to act with the duties and responsibilities that are set by the parliament in legislation.

Ofcom have the power to enforce certain punishments when a company or service fails to comply with legislation. They have the power to publicly broadcast issues of adjudication, and impose fines. In extreme cases, they can even remove a channel’s license to broadcast. In serious cases of breaching, the ASA may refer to Ofcom, who have further power to fine broadcasters.

An example of a breach is when Ofcom fined DM Digital Television Limited £17,500 for repeated breach of the codes. ASA found the advert misleading and possibly exploiting the vulnerable since it constituted advice to personal problems. Since Ofcom have the power to fine, ASA passed it over, and Ofcom considered it a serious breach that demonstrated repeated failure on behalf of DM Digital.

Only 12 minutes of advertising is allowed to be shown on channels per hour. This rule was put in place so that viewers aren’t exposed to a harmful amount of advertising, and that adverts still preserve quality. Complaints can be made by anyone who considers a broadcaster to have failed to comply with the standards. An example is when Channel 4 breached regulations after viewers complained about the ads length. 23 viewers put in complaints during the initial screenings, explaining that the programme segments were too short, and it started late and finished early. Channel 4 denied that the ad breaks were longer than three minutes and fifty seconds, which is the maximum length. Whilst it was found that the internal time standards weren’t actually broken, Ofcom confirmed that they did break the twenty minute rule, which is at least twenty minutes of the show broadcasting between adverts.

http://www.brandrepublic.com/news/528760/Channel-4-found-breach-rules-ad-break-timing-Lost/