Wheels: Usually made out of Polyurethane ( a synthetic rubber polymer)
Raw Materials Used to Make Polyurethane
Deck: Most are made of glue and wood (usually maple), but some are made of composites, aluminum, nylon, plexiglas, fiberglass, foam, and other artificial materials.
Trucks: Skateboard trucks are usually made of aluminum or other metal (steel, brass, or another alloy), though a few are made of nylon
Grip Tape: Grip tape is an adhesive backed friction-surfaced material usually attached to the deck of a skateboard
Bearings:These are usually made of steel, though silicon nitride, a high-tech ceramic, is sometimes used.
Method of Fabrication:
Grip Tape: How it’s made
Consequences of Making a Skateboard:
Byproduct/ Waste: In the production of wheels, any polyurethane left over is sent to a landfill. At the present time, it is too costly to recycle.
Difficulty riding on wet surfaces
Loss of energy from propelling the board with your lower body
When coasting down a hill the riders board may get the “wobbles” This is when the deck begins to wobble which may cause the rider to lose control and suffer injury. For this reason, the shorter the board is the greater chance the rider will experience the wobble phenomenon. The longer the board is the less susceptible the rider is at experiencing the wobbles.
Different Style Skateboards:
Decks might be made of more artificial materials inside a wood exterior. One deck of the future has Nomex honeycomb at its core, with Kelver as one of the structural materials. Even with traditional wood decks the number of veneer layers may increase or decrease. The most noticeable difference might be the art on the bottom of the skateboard. Instead of being applied with a screenprinting process, decks might use a sublimation printing process.
Wheels may change in their shape, color or decoration, but not much will improve on polyurethane itself. If a new material comes on the market, this may affect how wheels are manufactured.