eurocentrism

anonymous asked:

I was just curious cause I've seen a lot of mixed reactions from various other latin@s about Honey Lemon from that movie big hero 6 supposedly being latina ???I personally don't like it but then again, I would like to know what you think?

Okay so this is Honey Lemon, the voice actress is Genesis Rodriguez (venezuelan and cuban) 

I mean yeah we all know there are white latinx and white passing latinx but it’d make most of us and a lot of poc latinx kids happy to see a latinx that is black or brown or asian or literally any other poc latinx that isnt white washed or that doesnt cater to white/eurocentric beauty ideals -f 

the “middle east” is not like, a real thing in the world tho yknow like it’s not something that you can speak of in anything other than a eurocentric and modern context, there are no historical roots to lumping every country in west asia, northeast africa, and west-central asia together and who and what gets included in the “middle east” is flexible precisely because it exists entirely through imperialism and orientalism, but even on top of that, for someone to arbitrarily decide that someone can’t consider themself middle eastern because you (or i) as an outsider think that middle east = 100% monolithic arab population is so mindbogglingly ignorant and extra i’m like baffled that it even happened in 2015 among people who claim to be educated about racism like wow

anonymous asked:

Thank you for talking about Japanese imperialism. Too often on this site I feel like people try to brush off what japan did, or view it as somehow "not as bad" as European imperialism. I think this is what happens when people latch onto this "white/poc dichotomy" and never look outside of it.

It kind of helps because Japanese imperialism is something I learned a lot about from young, as well as it being part of my family’s history. Imperialism is imperialism no matter what skin colour it wears, there is no “not as bad”, especially considering millions of people died under Japanese rule. A good look at human history (real human history, not a Eurocentric one) will tell you that non-European empires have been just as cruel.

Generally, I’d like us to decentre from seeing imperialism as a uniquely European enterprise because I think it leads to blindness about other sources of oppression. Things like ancient Chinese imperialism are quite instrumental to understanding the power dynamics in Asia today and modern intra-Asian colourism. A lot of other things like the problems faced by Middle-Eastern and North African minorities (Kurds, Amazigh, Turkmen, Nubians etc) are understood better when you decentre from seeing the power structure there as being white vs POC. It makes no sense to frame things that way there, because it’s a term that was born from the US context to begin with and we’re talking about an entirely different place. Thousands of Iraqi Kurds for example, were brutally murdered in the late 1980s by Saddam Hussein, who used chemical weapons on them. While the Middle-East did come under European colonial rule, the day-to-day power gradient is really more like one where Arab supremacy sits at the top. White privilege does manifest when you observe Western expats who come in and get treated better than even locals but…the people with institutional power aren’t “white” by US standards at all. The dominance of Arabic language and whatnot flows from Arab supremacy just as the dominance of the Han Chinese in mainland China over ethnic minorities is from Han supremacy.

Yes, light skin + European looking features can generally give you privilege on a global scale. But when you zoom into the dynamics of specific non-Western countries? We have to recognise that in other settings, different people do occupy the position of the “default” against whom everyone else is defined in opposition to, the way white people do in the US and Europe. And in 1940s Asia, it was the Japanese who had institutional power- for example, they forced people to speak Japanese and changed the names of places into Japanese names.

dear woc

please don’t take bleach baths. please don’t spend money on whitening products. please don’t perpetuate the eurocentric standards of beauty that are being imposed on all women. love your skin. love the features you have that don’t fit within the unfair and unjust reinforced ideals of what beauty is. love yourself and believe that you and other woc are beautiful because u are. love and support eachother. take care. u are all important.

The cultures of people of color are either packaged for consumption or called upon to fill cultural and spiritual voids of Eurocentrism.
— 

Michael Vavrus

That shit blew my mind and made understanding cultural appropriation way clearer for me. 

anonymous asked:

Hi! I wanted to also comment about Mexico as well. Despite that I am Mexican-American, as a child my family often went to Mexico to visit other family. I never liked going because the adults other kids looked down at my sister and I for having darker skin compared to our kid-relatives (among other things). There's this competition where the lighter kids were better than darker kids in everything. In addition to that, my biological father was also appalled to having such dark children.

Man, that’s awful to have even family denigrating your skin colour :-/ I’m really sorry to hear that happened to you- it must be pretty hurtful and damaging to absorb all of that as a child. White supremacy or colourism is something we very often reproduce amongst ourselves. 

My own experience of colourism and Eurocentric beauty standards is kind of interesting. On one hand, I was pretty conscious that we were not white because well we equated whiteness with being of European origin. But on the other hand, my sister and I are pretty light-skinned Chinese. Nobody ever tried to sell us skin-whitening cream, or ever made us feel bad about our skin tone (in fact people kept remarking how pale I was when I was a kid- I’m a bit darker now but I looked like a ghost skin tone wise when I was younger). 

But on the other hand, I did wish my nose was as prominent as my sister’s, that maybe my eye or hair colour was like those of white Hollywood actresses etc. For a while, I was also kind of messed up with how people expected me to be Eurasian because of my hair texture and eyes. Like on one hand, our society sanctifies European features…but on the other hand, it always made me kind of alienated and not fitting in because I felt a tad like an impostor- that I didn’t look like what I was expected to look, according to many people. And very often people (even my own family) would compliment me by saying “your eyes don’t make you look Chinese” etc. So, unlike you, people didn’t make an issue of my skin tone but it was my features that kind of gave me grief. There was this weird mixture of “oh, it’s a compliment” but also “this is kind of fucked up???”

"The first immigrants to Europe arrived thousands of years ago from central Asia. Most pre-contact Europeans lived together in small villages. Because the continent was very crowded, their lives were ruled by strict hierarchies within the family and outside it to control resources. Europe was highly multi-ethnic, and most tribes were ruled by hereditary leaders who commanded the majority “commoners.” These groups were engaged in near constant warfare.

"Pre-contact Europeans wore clothing made of natural materials such as animal skin and plant and animal-based textiles. Women wore long dresses and covered their hair, and men wore tunics and leggings. Both men and women liked to wear jewelry made from precious stones and metals as a sign of status. Before contact, Europeans had very poor diets. Most people were farmers and grew wheat and vegetables and raised cows and sheep to eat. They rarely washed themselves, and had many diseases because they often let their animals live with them.

"Religion infused every part of Europeans’ lives. Europeans believed in one supreme deity, a father figure, who they believed was made of three parts, and they particularly worshiped the deity’s son. They claimed that their god had given humans domination over the earth. They built elaborate temples to him and performed ceremonies in which they ate crackers and drank wine and believed it was the body and blood of their god, who would provide them with entrance into a wondrous afterlife called heaven when they died. Many wars were fought over disagreements about the details of this religion, each group believing their interpretation was the right one that should be spread across the land."

Now imagine that is part of a textbook that has entire chapters on the Mississippian polities of the 1200s and a detailed account of the diplomatic situation of the southeastern provinces in the 1400s and 1500s, an enormous section that goes through the history of the rise of the Triple Alliance in Mexico and goes through the rule of each tlatoani and their policies, the heritage of Teotihuacan and its legacy in later Mesoamerican politics, elaborate descriptions of the trade routes that connected and drove various nations in North America. Long explanations of the rise of various religious movements such as the calumet ceremony and Midewiwin, and how they affected political agendas and artistic trends. Pages and pages and pages going through the past thousand years of American history century by century.

And these three paragraphs are the only mention of European history before the year 1500.

If your textbook of North American history goes into the details of the Middle Ages, the Reformation and Renaissance, the Silk Road, and European monarchies, and you don’t include equal description of the Mississippian coalescence and dispersal, Haudenosaunee-Algonquian relations, the Woodlands, trans-plains, and southwestern trade systems, the Mexica conquests and the Fifth Sun ideology with explicit naming of various places and leaders, then your textbook is inadequate.

Why do you include those “pre-contact” European things? Because they explain the motivations and reasons for what Europeans did. But people largely imagine North America as this timeless place and don’t recognize that pre-contact American history had just as much of an effect on post-contact history because it provides explanations of the motivations and reasonings behind indigenous peoples’ actions.

But of course, that would require people to recognize that indigenous people had their own histories and agendas and agency that affected the course of history rather than making them a passive recipient of European historical force.

12 year old Vanessa VanDyke is being threatened with expulsion from Faith Christian Academy in Orlando unless she cuts her natural hair. Hair growing the way it does out of her head is considered a “distraction” by administrators. Yet another young Black girl forced to deal with the beauty politics and the politics of respectability that insist that not being White or adhering to those standards are an automatic detriment to education. Worse, she’s attended this school since 3rd grade and doesn’t want to have to leave her friends though she has been bullied by other kids for her hair. The consistent policing of Black women’s bodies starts young and continues right through college and the workplace. It is tiring and without logic beyond White supremacy, of course.

According to Local 10 in Orlando, she wore her hair like this all year. It’s a problem now because she is being bullied, and in a typical abuse culture riddled with victim blaming, the bullies are who needs to be coddled and protected, not her. 

I truly hope that whomever is ignorant on that school’s staff work things out with her parents or she finds a better school, though that will mean making new friends, which is challenging in adolescence at times. My larger hope is that Eurocentric beauty standards continue to unravel and continue to be stomped out of existence.

And nothing is wrong with her wearing her hair loose. Sometimes even Black people who claim to love natural hair only love it when elaborately styled, and those styles are very nice, but not the only way to wear natural hair.

And no Whites, I don’t want to hear about “rules” and “professionalism” until you explore what White supremacy and Whiteness actually mean. And don’t even try to conflate Whites’ mohawks etc. with Black women’s natural hair in an ahistorical way. And no some Black people, I don’t want to hear about perms being more “appropriate” and any respectability politics nonsense, until you explore how you internalize White supremacist thinking. Don’t come here with that.

I wish her and her family the best in this situation.

the fact that the gender binary is a European invention that was forced on the rest of the world through colonialism and unspeakable violence means that it’s pretty much impossible for people of colour to be cis / benefit from cisness as a structure in the same way or to the same extent that white people do, and if you’re a white trans person you really need to keep your race at the forefront of your mind when discussing transness

vanadiumn asked:

Its not white power its MAJORITY power, POC are not 'persecuted' in coountries where theyre the majority.

When a white person migrates to Africa, he is going from a position of power, to power. An African coming to Europe lands from power into powerlessness. We Africans cannot do much with our diplomas here. Once I had learned Dutch and went to the job centre, they offered me a position as a cleaning lady. And in the shop it happens regularly that someone follows me around to check that I am not stealing anything. In expensive boutiques I might not even get served. The sales personnel assume I cannot afford to buy anything anyway. Whereas a white person in Nigeria, even if he has no skills whatsoever, always gets opportunities. No Nigerian would dream of offering you a job as a cleaning lady.

-“Strangers in Each Other’s Countries: A Discussion with Chika Unigwe”

(Femke van Zeijl)

and

…Yet magically they think they are in the position to determine where racism is or is not. 2) Varying population densities where Whites are a numerical minority erases racism and White supremacy. This is also false. Whites do not have to have a numerical majority for White supremacy to exist. Because Whiteness impacts the entire globe—you know the globe where over 80% of it has been impacted by colonialism and White supremacy—yet of course actual White people are a numerical minority globally, clearly it can be seen that this is not a numbers issue. Power, platform, and money lie in the hands of small groups that are often White (and usually cis hetero male) lead. Governments, global corporations, and more are concentrated in power and regardless of the race of the person “in charge” reflect the whims of imperialist White supremacist capitalist cisheteropatriarchy. 

-White Supremacy is GLOBAL: Racism Isn’t Only American. White Supremacy Isn’t Only Western

(Gradient lair)

and

"The media in black countries is white wtf are white people talking about. White supremacy rules the world. All these books and movies we have in gambia are from america and all of the characters are white why do you think so many black women in african countries bleach themselves to death. In asia tanned and dark skin is looked down upon and are treated as inferior and whites are treated like these pure trophies like white ppl stfu.”

-Anonymous via We Love Black Girls

and

6

The Color of Beauty

According to a 2008 survey, the models in the New York Fashion Week were: 6% Black, 6% Asian, 1% Latina, 87% White.


The Colour of Beauty is a shocking short documentary that examines blatant racism in the fashion industry. Apparently, from the industry’s perspective, the black girls who are featured need to look exactly like white girls only that they are painted black.

Who’s Renee Thompson?

Renee Thompson is a 24 year old model trying to make it as a top fashion model in New York. She’s got the looks, the walk and the drive. She has been modeling for 10 years around the world and has experienced some degree of success but her dream is to hit the NY Fashion Week runway and become the next big thing. A dream that seems almost impossible at times as door after door gets slammed in her face, all because she’s black

Renee feels that she is constantly under scrutiny over something she can do nothing about. What’s even worse is the fact that clients expect the black models to be literally flawless– a higher standard than what is set for white models.(x)

silverbirch-steelrose asked:

About the question of a Eurocentric math history course, I just finished taking one of those last semester where the prof fully admited he just didn't know about non European history, but who would also flat out tell us he was sure we were wrong or using unreliable sources whenever we as students tried to expand into other territory, even when we could prove our sources were reliable. This same prof proceeded to claim that the Egyptians couldn't have had complex math because "their number (1/2)

(2/2) system is too complicated and I can’t imagine how they would manage to teach enough people how to do math.” Professors who allow the idea of the “only important math history” (or any history for that matter) comes from Europe are being massively irresponsible and should not be given benefit of the doubt. Honestly, I would be really skeptical of whatever they say after because they clearly don’t have enough info from which to draw their conclusions.

…and that’s kind of the answer to my question in this post “what happens when students do work on non-Western mathematicians?”

You see, it’s not just about the existence of ignorance, it’s about viciously defending that willful ignorance and ensuring it passes on to others; it’s about using what power you have to protect white supremacy. You might also notice that “their number system is too complicated and I can’t imagine how they would manage to teach enough people how to do math” based on the entire premise that he can’t do it, so of course they couldn’t have. It also doesn’t make any sense whatsoever, but that obviously doesn’t matter  when you have centuries of white supremacy with colonialist enforcement to back you up.

This is exactly what I’m talking about when I say that “trolls” aren’t just online, starting arguments. They’re in classrooms teaching this crap to people who came to learn, and keeping the status as quo as possible in the process. After all, how many hundreds or even thousands of students do you think got the same answer?

5

Natural Girls United (@NaturalIsUnited) is a fabulous Black-owned business that produces beautiful dolls to resemble Black women and other women of colour. The hair textures, colours and styles varieties are so diverse. Also, I love that the dolls have full lips, round noses and are a variety of complexions. These dolls are too cute and are for sale. The price range appears to be  $45.00-$140.00, and the work is custom. Custom orders are also available.

As the founder, owner and designing artist Karyn Bird notes in her bio:

If a child is constantly looking at images, dolls, television, books and magazines - and only seeing beauty as something or someone with non-ethnic features and long, straight hair - then they are going to assume that this is what beauty is. It is something that has hurt our young people for centuries. But each day we learn that it is important to show them and teach them that their beauty is beautiful. 

The only thing that I would want added are dolls with size variety instead of the usual thin frame. But with everything else, these dolls are on the right track.

I want Black kids to have dolls with variety; and I say “kids” since I am not about gender restrictions on toys. In the past I wrote something gender-specific (Black Girls and Dolls; Black Women and Pinterest) since even if all genders of Black children play with dolls like these (which would be great), the connection to beauty perception and beauty politics most heavily falls on Black girls. Thus, how that beauty is interpreted and how much it subverts hegemonic and Eurocentric beauty norms matters. 

  • Jazmine DuBois:Huey, what does Eurocentrism mean?
  • Huey Freeman:Eurocentrism, it's when you eliminate the african perspective and marginalize or omit people of color, their contributions, their experiences, etc... Understand?
  • Jazmine DuBois:Not really...
  • Huey Freeman:Do you watch "Friends"?
  • Jazmine DuBois:Yes
  • Huey Freeman:Then you understand.
Adoptive parents have the right to choose between age, country, race, handicap, et cetera. The fact that certain countries remain strong favorites for adoptive parents speaks volumes of how racialized thinking continues to live on under anti-racist surface narratives.

Korea, Ethiopia, and Colombia are countries whose children fit Eurocentric standards of beauty more than others in the same regions; compare children from Korea to children from Malaysia, children from Ethiopia to children from Kenya, and children from Colombia to children from Bolivia. Furthermore, [Western] adoptive parents display a clear preference for girls and ‘racially pure’ children.
—  Tobias Hubinette, A Critique of International Adoption [translated from Swedish]