anonymous asked:

is there famous primatologist dont have a scientific degree and they decide to choose the route of education by experience? ?

None that I can think of.
There are a few (very rare) people like Claudine Andre, a founder of Lola ya Bonobo sanctuary, who is a conservationist and wildlife educator for bonobos in the Congo. She was volunteering in a Congo zoo during the 90’s when a man brought her an orphaned bonobo and the zoo director told her to “not put your heart in this animal… they never survive in captivity, 100 percent die.” (x) She took it as a challenge and years later, Lola ya Bonobo is acts as a sanctuary, a rehabilitation center, a place for non-invasive research, and they have even successfully reintroduced a group of orphaned bonobos back into the wild [in a protected area]. 

Just because you are not a traditional Primatologist (re. a person who conducts scientific research on/for primates), it does not mean you cannot help make the world a better place for primates.

 

image


(x)

EDIT:
turkeynugg said: Alan Mootnick, founder of the Gibbon Conservation Center, was entirely self-educated and he opened what is now the only places in the world that houses and breeds all four genera of gibbons.

Another illustration for my women in science series. Jane Goodall is a primatologist, ethologist and anthropologist and is the worlds top expert on chimpanzees.

Get one here at: https://www.etsy.com/listing/197871802/women-in-science-jane-goodall

I can't believe my boss asked me this...
  • Boss:Before we get the meeting started, I have a very serious question to ask... Who here has read the Harry Potter books?
  • *my hand shoots in the air*
  • Boss:Good. Do you have any idea what the name was of Harry's owl?
  • Me:Hedwig!
  • Boss:Good! That's been bugging me all morning. What about the guy with a toad. What where those names?
  • Me:Do you mean Neville Longbottom and his pet toad Trevor?
  • Boss:This is why I keep you around.

anonymous asked:

Can an ethologist be an ethologist by experience not by education??

I can’t say completely 100% positively, but I’m going to say that if you want a job as an ethologist, you’re going to need formal education. That field is very competitive, as there are few positions (that aren’t simply working in a university itself), and you need to know how to scientifically prove behavior, which is not made up of numbers. 

You can always be an amateur ethologist, though!! Talk to other animal people about your observations, read books about ethograms, and draw your own conclusions!! I highly encourage everyone to observe and ask questions about anything they see that they don’t understand. We all benefit!!

As soon as I finish my two degrees I’m moving to Canada, and then I am going to go back to school to become an Ethologist. I am prepared to be in school forever. yeah. I might not do it, but I want to. we’ll see

on that note, these meds are making me high,. now I know why its a controlled substance. I am going to go to sleep

but seriously wtf why would someone take medicine for seizures to get high? like wouldn’t you be nervous? i don’t understand people who do drugs, i really don’t.

goodnight

Conditioning vs Conditioning vs Conditioning

flower-and-animals reblogged your video and added:

Could it be that the dog was conditioned to associate treats with blowing in the face, and perhaps later, the approach of a human face? Could this just be conditioning since treats were given before the dog had a chance to bite/bark?

[In reference to this video post]

This case is certainly a type of conditioning but the distinction between classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and counter conditioning is very important. 

  • Classical Conditioning (i.e. Pavlov’s Dogs or Little Albert)
    This is a type of learning where the trainer takes a Conditioned Stimulus (CS) [e.g. bell tone] and pairs it with an Unconditioned Stimulus (US) [e.g. presentation of food], which causes the subject to automatically exhibit a Unconditioned Response (UR)[e.g. salivation].

    After repeated sessions where the CS and US are paired (the bell tone precedes or overlaps with the presentation of food), the subject will exhibit the UR (salivation) when only the CS is presented… in this case the UR is now the Conditioned Response (CR).

    image


    The important thing here is that 1) the CS is neutral and would normally cause little or no reaction from the subject, 2) the US is biologically relevant to the subject, 3) the UR is a reflex response to the US, and 4) the UR is called the CR when it occurs only in the presence of the CS. 

  • Operant Conditioning (i.e. B.F. Skinner or +/- Reinforcement)
    Operant conditioning centers around the Law of Effect in regards to Reinforcement. Essentially, “behavior which is reinforced tends to be repeated (i.e. strengthened); behavior which is not reinforced tends to die-out or be extinguished (i.e. weakened).” [x]

    Skinner demonstrated positive reinforcement at work by using the creatively named Skinner Box. He would put a hungry rat in a box that had a lever in the side. As the rat moved around the box -anyone with rats knows how curious they are- the rat would eventually knock the lever. Moving the lever would cause a food pellet to immediately be dropped into the box. After a few short sessions rats would go directly to the lever and repeatedly move it in order to obtain food. 

    image


    Skinner also demonstrated negative reinforcement but you can read the sources / send me an ask if you’d like to know more.

    The important thing here is to remember that operant means voluntary or spontaneous. This method deals with altering the frequencies of the operant behavior based on whether the behavior is reinforced or punished. 

  • Counter Conditioning (change the response by changing the emotional state)
    Counter conditioning is the process of getting rid of an unwanted response (e.g. aggressive behavior). BUT unlike extinction in classical conditioning, we are replacing the unwanted response with a wanted response. Here the Conditioned Stimulus (CS) [e.g. blowing on the dogs face] is presented with the Unconditioned Stimulus (US)[e.g. providing treats]. Dogs naturally are food motivated and enjoy treats, so the reflex response to this US is the Unconditioned Response (UR) [e.g. positive association with treat nomming]. 

    The dog in the video has been previously conditioned (through abuse, neglect, or whatever) to respond aggressively to humans. Let’s call that aggression Conditioned Response-1 (CR1).  By exposing the dog to a weak version of the fear/aggressive inducing CS and providing an immediate positive US, you are gradually replacing the response to the weaker stimulus (CR1) with the wanted positive response to the stronger stimulus (UR).

    When successful, like at the end of the video, the dog exhibits the UR when presented with the CS, even in the absence of the US. In this case the UR (non-aggression) becomes the Conditioned Response-2 (CR2) as the dog is no longer aggressive to having his face blown on, even when he is not provided treats. 

    image

    This diagram is with a baby’s fear of snakes and love of ice cream… but you get the point.

    The important thing here is that counter conditioning is all about changing a negative emotional state to a positive one and that it needs to be done in phases. Desensitization to the stress-stimulus (CS) needs to be done slowly so the positive stimulus (US) is stronger and a positive association is created. 
     

Sources:
Classical Conditioning [x]
Little Albert [x, x]
Operant Conditioning [x, x]
B.F. Skinner [x]
Dr. Yin’s Animal Behavior and Medicine Videos [x]
ASPCA- Desensitization and Counter Conditioning [x]

DISCLAIMER:
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO TRAIN A FEARFUL / AGGRESSIVE ANIMAL BY YOURSELF. ALWAYS SEEK THE HELP OF A TRAINED PROFESSIONAL!!!!! 
Sorry for the all-caps but I really can’t stress that enough.

Intra vs Inter-species relationships
  • When a person doesn't like me:Whatever. To each their own and all but your loss buddy.
  • When an animal doesn't like me:OH GOD WHAT HAVE I DONE?!?! I'M A TERRIBLE HUMAN BEING! EVERYTHING IS HORRIBLE. NOTHING WILL EVER BE RIGHT IN THE WORLD. JUST THROW ME IN A HOLE AND LEAVE ME TO DIE.

                   thick lines and shaky lines all over this om g whatever i did
                   okay and like wtf is shading i didn’t do that  nope-  i  made
                   use of ~*gradients*~ also kudos to me for drawing a  hand
                   okay-ish without ever practicing hands and not looking  at
                   a ref yeaH

anonymous asked:

Are you an ethologist?

I am not, I am a zookeeper, but that means I need to be aware of animal behavior and know how to interpret it. If you have a question about animal behavior, feel free to ask! I’ll recommend you to ethologists if it goes above my head.

i went to the zoo yesterday for my animal behavior lab and it was really interesting to observe different behaviors from the view point of an ethologist rather than a spectator. 

also, wolves are so beautiful and when you hear them/watch them howl, you are brought to a new level of appreciation for them 

foreign-harpist asked:

♖ flUFFY HAIR BUDDIES

image

         [ ♥ ]     ❝ f-faye.. you really don’t have to do this! i-i
                        can do my hair just fine..! ❞

   [   words  left the ethologist in a small mumble, her cheeks
              ablaze with a red tinge  of  embarrassment  and  body
              sitting in the bathwater of the  rather  large  bathroom-
              knees up to her chest. faye was currently  behind  her,
              hands  gently  kneading  in  soap  from  the  bottle  of
              shampoo into her hair. she felt  a  little  guilty-  for  the
              sheer    fact    that    nia    rarely    brushed    her    hair.   
]