Many people know that women make 77 cents to the dollar compared to men. But did you know that African-American women make just 64 cents to the dollar, and Hispanic women make just 56 cents? One group offers an interesting way to fix this.
But the wage gap varies significantly by race, according to an analysis from the research organization AAUW. While white women experienced that 78 percent figure, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander women made 65 percent of what white men made in 2013, African-American women made 64 percent, American Indian and Alaska Native women made 59 percent, and Hispanic women made just 54 percent. Asian-American women are the only group doing better than white women, making 90 percent of white men’s earnings.
Today is Equal Pay Day: the day when women, on average, catch up to what men earned for the same work in the previous year. For women of color, the pay gap is even wider.
Women are the primary breadwinners in more than 40% of households with children. And the gender gap affects trans* people, too. Eliminating the pay gap and ensuring all people make 100% of the wages they earn isn’t just a women’s issue — it’s critical for all of us.
Hey everyone! Betsey Stevenson here from President Obama’s Council of Economic Advisers. In honor of Women’s Equality Day, I’ll be taking over I Love Charts to tell the story of the progress we’ve made in closing the earnings gap between women and men, and the challenges women still face in the workforce.
Let’s get started. Our first chart shows how women are increasingly contributing to family income and now make up about half the workforce. Since 2000, women’s labor force participation has dropped slightly, but most of that is because of cyclical factors and an aging population. While older women participate in the workforce at lower rates than younger women, the percent of older women who are working has increased since the mid-1990s, partially offsetting the overall decline.
At the other end of the spectrum, young women are more likely to be enrolled in school than they were a generation ago, and that’s good news. Since students (even ones who work part-time) are not considered to be in the labor force, increased school enrollment will depress the participation rate.
Elana Schlenker, a 31-year-old graphic designer, opened 76<100
as a pop-up shop in Pittsburgh with the simple premise that female
shoppers would only have to pay 76% of the retail price of items, an
allusion to the fact that women in Pennsylvania are paid 76 cents on the
dollars of what men earn. The store fittingly had its grand opening on
April 14, aka Equal Pay Day. But wait, the store’s feminist actions get even better.