I’m reading some of the schedules retail folks worked before Christmas. I’m hoping y'all are in states with OT laws like CA’s! (Definitely looking at you mykidsmaybecrazy.)
CA defines OT by the day and week. As the rest of the country, if you work more than 40 hours in a workweek, you get time-and-a-half. But, unlike many other places, any hours exceeding 8 in a day are paid at time-and-a-half. This is true even if you work less than 40 hours during the week.
This law keeps employers from abusing employees by making them work more than 8 hours in a day and then cutting their hours later in the week to prevent them from hitting 40.
Additionally, if you work all 7 days in the workweek, the 7th day is paid at time-and-a-half even if your total for the week was less than 40. This prevents employers from making employees work 5 hours a day, 7 days in a row. Your total is below the 40- hour threshold, but the 5 hours on that 7th day will be paid at time-and-a-half.
As an employer, I liked these laws. The employer-employee relationship is a two-way street that should be built on mutual respect. Too often employers abuse hourly workers. These laws helped keep the playing field somewhat level.
Note - As with all labor laws there are many specifics I’ve omitted. But, you get the overall point.