The legendary Disney animator Ruben A. Aquino has created a great video lesson on Taught By A Pro (.com) about “Center of Gravity”.  This is powerful stuff, beginners will learn basics, but even more for intermediate and pros to learn from!  Tons of great drawings to illustrate his points and even new animation by Ruben!  This is a “must-buy” lesson!

The sequence of healing events after grafting

  • Lining up of vascular cambia
    • the cambium layers of scion and stock must be lined up
  • Formation of necrotic material from cells on the wound site
    • healing response
  • Callus bridge formation
    • parenchymacell mass produced from the cambial layers fills up the spaces between scion and stock

  • Cambium formation
    • certain cells of the callus line up forming a cambium layer connecting the cambiums of both the scion and the stock
  • Vascular tissue formation
    • xylem inside
    • phloem outside 

PLSC 368 - PLANT PROPAGATION - North Dakota State University

Top Ten eLearning Movers and Shakers

  • Craig Weiss – A recognized eLearning expert, industry analyst, speaker, and the author of the well-known blog Elearning 24/7.
  • Connie Malamed – An experienced eLearning, information and visual designer and publisher of The eLearning Coach website.
  • Christopher Pappas – Founder and CEO of the eLearning Industry Network, which is the largest eLearning Professionals’ network at the present moment.
  • Cammy Bean – An eLearning instructional designer, vice president of learning design for Kineo US, and author of the book “The Accidental Instructional Designer“.
  • Ryan Tracey – eLearning Manager at a well-known financial services organisation in Australia and the author of the award winning blog E-Learning Provocateur.
  • Patti Shank – Speaker, writer, author and the President of Learning Peaks LLC, an internationally recognized consulting firm that provides learning and performance consulting.
  • Elliott Masie – Industry analyst, speaker, author, and the editor of Learning TRENDS by Elliott Masie, an Internet newsletter read by over 52,000 business executives worldwide.
  • Rebecca Stromeyer – Director of ICWE, an events and media company, that organises events related to education and training in all parts of the world, such as ONLINE EDUCA and elearning Africa.
  • Tom Kuhlmann – One of the most known eLearning designers with an experience of over 20 years in the training industry and the author of the Rapid Elearning Blog.
  • Laura Overton – Managing Director of Towards Maturity with more than two decades of experience in helping organisations improve the business impact of learning technologies in the workplace.

New episode: What is Citizen Science? In short, citizen scientists are volunteers at the heart of British conservation, generously giving up their time to protect a whole multitude of animals and plants!


♡♡♡Standard Chinese Language Learning♡♡♡ (Mandarin) (4.1) 愚人节

5 Strategies for Delivering Readable eLearning Content

  1. Use Contrast
    The most readable text is simple – it’s black text on a white background. Don’t try to re-invent the wheel. Black on white has worked for centuries as body text, and with good reason.
  2. Break It Up
    Any huge block of text is difficult to read. Simply stated, text is easiest to read when you deliver it in short paragraphs – ideally, no more than four sentences each. You can also toss in a graphic or two to add visual interest, but make sure that it relates to the content.
  3. Use White Space
    If your eLearning design consists of wall-to-wall text, no one is going to want to read. Use margins around your text blocks, and additional spacing between lines so that people know where one paragraph ends and the next begins.
  4. Alignment
    Type that is left-aligned is easier to read than type that is right-aligned. You can use right alignment occasionally, like when you’re wrapping text around photos, but in general, lean to the left. Justified type doesn’t work well on web pages, because the text blocks are usually narrow and justification results in huge gutters of white space.
  5. Use Font Sizes Judiciously
    Your body text should always be in one size, and one size only. Go larger on subheads, and larger still in headers. This alerts the learner to when a new topic or subtopic is being developed. Ideal sizes for effective eLearning courses are 18 point for headers, 14 for subheads, and 11 or 12 for body text.
To all professors, with love

If you are a professor and undergo the immense apathy of your students quite often, stop complaining about it. The solution could be right at your fingertips. The world has changed and so have the students. However, professors insist on staying in the late Antiquity.Renovation of university faculty is a fundamental condition to build the university that will fit into the educational model described by the Delors Report (UNESCO, 1998).

A renowned Calculus professor with 30 years of experience and abundant academic publications might fail about 70% of his students every term. If that number shocks, you must know, dear reader, that this professor brags about these results, as he firmly believes that his job is being done remarkably well. Clearly, something is not right in this picture.

The average student of this hypothetical professor does not go to class. It is uninteresting to see the professor showing off solving much simpler exercises than the ones they will have to figure out in the next evaluation. Just in YouTube, students have access to hundreds of courses, which can be accessed whenever, wherever and how many times he wants and needs. Why this student does have to go to class? A few years ago, students had to sit down at their desks and listen to the professor. Today it is not necessary. However, professors do not understand this new situation and keep thinking students’ bad performance is due to their inconsistent attendance.

YouTubeiTunes UniversityCoursera, MiriadaxTeachlr are just a few of the many places where students of virtually every area have access to resources that not so long ago, only a professor in a classroom could offer. The dynamic of “attending class” has a different connotation than the one it had 10 or 20 years back. Professors must understand and accept that they are no longer the exclusive source of knowledge – that they are progressively less needed by their students. However, too many professors insist on maintaining the same evaluation methods of more privileged times for them. Assessments continue to be centered on the professor’s actions.

This is the key point to understand why 70% of the students of our hypothetical Calculus professor keep failing the course. As long as we don’t realize that students – who, by the way, do not need the professor’s explanation on functional derivatives – should be the center of education, these will be the outcomes. Since the publication of the Delors Report, the message to academic institutions (universities included) has been to boost an education process that is collaborative, interactive and student-centered – a process that inspires them to learn autonomously for life.

Universities should not be the aim of every high-schooled. Universities must be the platform where our students find the tools to develop their full potential in an open and responsible way. This is impossible to achieve as long as the professor continues to be the star, while the classroom fails to be an interactive space where every student’s potential is propelled and not plummeted. Calculus students that take the subject up to three times in order to pass it, end up hating the possibilities derived from the knowledge the course has to offer. The opportunity to innovate, think critically, work in teams and handle new technologies is simply tossed aside.

If you are a university professor and wish your students to be the stars, let them have the spotlight. The world has changed and so should we all. We need to adjust, take advantage of the new, while saving the valuable legacy tradition has left us – a legacy pivotal in maintaining our identity. The Roman Empire fell, but the Roman Law prevailed.

Don’t be that professor that makes students allergic to class. Become the bridge that allows them to cross from yesterday towards tomorrow, to new better times. Help them enhance their abilities and personal talents. I am on this journey and trust me; you’ll learn what you thought you already knew.


Maria Magdalena Ziegler

Professor of the Universidad Metropolitana (Caracas)


10 Things That Learners Pay Attention To (And How to Use Them in eLearning)

Here’s one of them:

Comparisons. Studies reveal the brain pays more attention to what’s new or different. It’s natural for people to get curious about something new, foreign, weird, unpredictable or different. When eLearning content is surprising or unexpected, ignoring it become impossible. According to Carmine Gallo’s blog “Why TED Talks Are Impossible to Resist”, experts in the subject explained that “Our brains are trained to look for something brilliant and new, something that stands out, something that looks delicious.” To get your learners to pay attention for a long time, you need to keep giving them new things to think about, but obviously you don’t want to stray too far from the topic. Making a comparison, simile, or metaphor helps focus attention. Plus, if you refer to a familiar aspect of the learner’s life, they may find it easier to grasp your point.

The Science of Attention in eLearning

Attention and the Brain
Attention lies in two areas of the brain:

  • The prefrontal cortex, located behind the forehead and spanning to the left and right sides of the brain, handles willful concentration. Part of the motivational system, it helps a person focus attention on a goal.
  • The parietal cortex, behind the ear, is for sudden events that require action.

Attention is largely a function of the Reticular Activating System (RAS), which includes a number of nerve fibers such as the thalamus, hypothalamus, brain stem, and cerebral cortex. The RAS accounts for shifts in levels of involvement in surroundings.

Watch out: The less engaging the course the more difficult is for students to hold their attention.

Implications for eLearning Professionals
It is important for eLearning developers to remember that they are competing for their learners’ attention and to bear the following in mind:

  • People do not pay attention when information is boring or presented in an uninteresting way.
  • Attention begins to wander after 10 minutes if the brain is not engaged.
  • People are unable to multitask — it is only possible to focus on one thing at a time.
  • The brain pays attention to people better than things.
  • Most people have similar rhythmic patterns

Ethiopia will host this year’s eLearning Africa which is also the tenth anniversary edition and which will be held under the patronage of the Ethiopian government.

The conference, which is the largest international event in Africa on ICT for education, training and development, will be held in Addis Ababa from May 20th – 22nd, under the patronage of the Ethiopian Government. Speaking of Ethiopia’s decision to host the event, Ethiopian Deputy Prime Minister H.E. Dr Debretsion Gebremichael said, “My government is pleased to host eLearning Africa as this is a conference returning to Ethiopia, where my government joined arms with ICWE in conceiving and launching the first eLearning Africa platform on African soil.”

“ eLearning Africa 2015 will create an opportunity to reflect on the 10 year journey traversed by eLearning Africa since its first conference in Addis Ababa. Furthermore, Ethiopia, as the seat of the African Union, welcomes conferences that bring together African policy makers and experts once more back to their home,” he added.

Watch on

Up and Running with Articulate Storyline 2

by David Rivers

Start building interactive online courses with Articulate Storyline 2, the popular elearning-authoring tool.

Video: Publishing your project for web and mobile

See the full course
Citizen Science, and a Californian Sea Lion Stuck in the Toilet

Science isn’t all that scary

I suppose Ilike to think of myself as a scientist, sat before my keyboard thinking about science type things. But there was never a day when I woke to find myself clad head-to-toe in Gore-Tex, triumphantly grasping a clipboard and a net. In fact, as far as I know, ecologists very rarely undergo such an immediate transformation. Instead, upon awaking, they find themselves dressed in much the same as the night before, with maybe a covering of crumbs from that bakery-based midnight feast.  

On the whole then, biologists and ecologists are pretty normal people. Yes, some of us can name every Harry Potter character, including such obscurities as Hassan Mostafa, the quidditch referee at that incredible world cup. But to be totally honest, everyone’s got strange and seemingly pointless wizard-like abilities — or that’s what I tell myself, as I arrive at that fabled number 200.

As well as being pretty normal people, a lot of the stuff scientists do is actually not nearly as scary and complicated as it’s made out to be. Just yesterday I was reading about a Californian sea lion that had apparently got lost in San Francisco, eventually finding itself stuck in a public toilet. Although potentially frightening for anybody drying their hands at the time, the anecdote itself is pretty hilarious, and definitely not scary or complicated.

Still don’t believe me? Find out for yourself through some “citizen science”

In fact, anybody can help out, and science really needs all the help it can get. One exciting way to get involved is through citizen science projects, which aim to involve everybody and anybody in the collection of scientific data. This week we heard Phil on this topic, explaining how you can make a real contribution through taking part. In this written piece, we’ll briefly explore a few web-based citizen science projects; well worth checking out for any budding science enthusiasts! is a good place to start for a whole range of topics. In the “Nature” category, a few stand out as being of particular interest: Bat Detective, where volunteers are taught to identify bat calls from actual recordings; and Plankton Portal, where participants examine photos of microscopic organisms, recording details about their size and number. To help you along the way, Plankton Portal comes with a few resources to get you started, including a fascinating TED talk on “The Secret Life of Plankton”. There’s even some footage of an arrow worm, one of those spooky invertebrates mentioned on our blog.

Feeling enthused?

So you want to get involved in citizen science, or learn more of what it’s all about? Here are four brief steps to get you started:

1) Check out our recent Eco Sapien episode on the topic.

2) Visit our extensive list of current citizen science projects around the world. It’s a living-list, meaning we’ll constantly be adding or removing projects as they come and go. 

3) See one you like the look of? How about getting involved to see what it’s all about!

4) If you know of any others, or have updates on current projects, please get in touch so we can develop our ever-growing collation.



The Faculty Lab for Independent Production (FLIP) Studio is now available for faculty members to create high quality videos to enhance the learning experience. A trained staff member will be on site to guide you through the video creation process. Show up ready to record and we will handle the rest. For more information, email