Ramesses II was the third pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt. He is also known as Ramesses the Great, and often believed to be the Pharaoh that was reigning when the Exodus occurred, though no documentation of the event exists outside of the Bible.
He was arguably the last Warrior Pharaoh of the dynasty, and undoubtedly one of the most conceited. At the beginning of his reign, he focused on building temples, cities, and monuments to himself, the one “Chosen of Re.” During this time he moved the capital to his city of Pi-Ramesses, where he oversaw military campaigns.
Ramesses II wished to see many lands Egypt once held within its borders returned. Part of that land had been ceded to the Hittites by his father, Seti I. The two kingdoms’ borders regularly brushed against each other as the kingdoms expanded, and when the king of the Ammonites threw in his allegiance with the Hittites rather than Ramesses II, war became inevitable.
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