What role should education play in the success of economies? How can the schools of today better represent the world of 5, 10, and 25 years from now? Will educational inequalities exacerbate economic inequalities? How can we break the chain? Does the PISA test need to evolve in order to remain relevant? These are some of the questions I put to Stefan Dercon, Chief Economist at the Department for International Development in London, and Andreas Schleicher, Director for Education and Skills and Special Advisor on Education Policy to the Secretary General at the OECD in Paris, during the EFF12 debate: “Turning School Performance to Economic Success.”