“Please try to understand these instructions. They’re given knowing your goodwill in working hard to shop and cook well. If there’s something that you don’t understand or some problem, explain it to me and not to Mr. Hemingway, who has enough problems of his own in his work as a writer.”

Ernest Hemingway’s perfect hamburger recipe.

2

September 8, 1951: The Treaty of San Francisco is signed.

On September 8, 1951, delegates representing forty-eight nations gathered in San Francisco, California, to sign a treaty that officially ended the state of war between Japan and the Allied Powers, six years after V-J Day, and six years after the American occupation of Japan began. China was not invited to the treaty deliberations or signing, because the Allies were unable to decide whether the Taiwanese government or the communist PRC should represent the nation.

The agreement also served to affirm Japan’s sovereignty - when the treaty came into force in April of 1952, Allied occupation ended; it also settled issues of territory: according to the terms of the treaty, Japan was to recognize the independence of Korea (which was formally annexed by the empire in 1910); it was also to relinquish its hold on Formosa (Taiwan) and the neighboring Pescadores, and the Kurile, Spratly, and Paracel Islands. In addition, Japan agreed to accept the judgements of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, and to carry out its sentences. All in all the treaty is commonly regarded by historians as “relatively generous" toward Japan, but it also marked the beginning of what Akira Iriye dubbed the "San Francisco system”.

At this time I completed an interview with Dylan’s brother, Byron Klebold (DOB 10-23-78). Byron indicated he is no longer living at the residence but returned to the residence when he heard about the incident at Columbine. He indicated that he is working as a lot technician at the Ralph Schomp dealership and that his work # is {blank}. When asked about his relationship with Dylan, Byron indicated that he was not very close to Dylan since he moved out in July of 1997. Byron indicated the last time he saw Dylan was on their father’s birthday. When asked about Dylan’s behavior, Byron indicated that Dylan appeared to be somewhat detached and he went on to explain that as a “pissed off teenager.” Byron went on to state that Dylan gave no indication to believe that something like this was going to occur. He indicated that Dylan had knives but to his knowledge had no other weapons. 

Byron went on to state that Dylan enjoyed playing games on the internet. He stated that Dylan did wear a black trench coat and that he “acted like he was tough.” When asked about friends, Byron was only familiar with three, Zack, Eric and Nate. Again, Byron indicated that Dylan’s behavior was normal and that again he wore a black trench coat to “act like a bad ass.” Again, Byron indicated that he was not familiar with anything his brother was doing but returned to the house when he had heard about the news about Columbine High School.

                               -police interview with Byron JC-001-010524 & 25

Informed Consent is a treatment model that simplifies access to medical care - specifically access to hormone replacement therapy - for trans* people. Put another way, the informed consent approach gives agency to trans* people to make responsible decisions for themselves and to not wait months, even years, just to access the basic care they need in order to get on with their life.

5

The Czar’s Thanks for a Song  A letter has been received by J. Remington Fairlamb, organist of the Presbytarian Church in this city….. from the Czar of Russia. The Czar acknowledges the receipt of a song, entitled “A Little Blue Pigeon” which was written by organist Fairlamb and dedicated to the little Princess Olga. (The New York Times, December 10 1896)

3

In Vellum We Trust,

Question: What does the Declaration of Independence, a 1st century AD Buddhist manuscript from Central Asia, and a Renaissance portrait thought to be painted by Leonardo Da Vinci have in common?

If you are looking for some type of Dan Brownesque conspiracy theory involving secret societies, think again.  While completely different pieces created in completely different time periods by completely different cultures, the similarities are quite simple; they are all made from vellum.

Not really a form of paper, vellum is a parchment made from calf skin that has been used for important documents, paintings, religious texts, and other forms of print throughout history.  From ancient times to the 19th century, anything important was printed or painted on vellum.  This includes other documents such as the US Constitution, the Magna Carta, and even everyday documents such as deeds and wills.

Unlike paper and papyrus, which are made from plant materials, vellum is made specifically from the skin of a young calf.  After the slaughter and dressing the skin is washed then soaked in lime for several days to soften the material and remove the hair.  Once soaked the skin is stretched out on fame and dried in the sun.  This bleaches the skin and gives it a translucent look.  Once sufficiently stretched and tanned the skin is processed into thin slabs which are sufficient for writing.

Unlike paper vellum is a very costly type of parchment which requires great amounts of time, labor, and materials to make. As a result vellum was very expensive. So why did people of the past use vellum?  Unlike paper, vellum is a very tough material.  More importantly vellum is a material that can withstand the test of time.  From ancient religious manuscripts to important historical documents, vellum is very resistant to the effects of age and weathering compared to other materials.  That is why many works were done on vellum, because the creators wanted to make something that could be passed down from generation to generation.

Today use of true vellum is rare (the material called “vellum” today is made of plasticized cotton).  The only modern users of vellum is the British Parliament, the Irish Parliament, as well as use by Jews in creating Torah scrolls.

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