UPDATE SLORE SPA : As our Valentines Festivities continue, I want to let you know there are gifts for all of you, but the single slores are to see Nathan, Zachary, Thomas W or my Thomas. They will let you know what’s up. I’m not telling! Ehehe! And hiddlestonluvr, I would LOVE for you to come, but I understand if you don’t show. I’ll save a present for you, dearest Piper! angreav @omg-i-cant-odd adamcansuckme agentsquirrelgirl angelus80 annedeadly antyc67 ba-dum-tish britishmenaredestroyingmylife captain-krazy catedevalois clintashashipper coy00koi cuddlesthehiddles curator-at-large daisymoder72 emoryhemsworth @geminiloveca d-m-jonas girliegirltm glimpse-of-my-mind greengirl888 harpo7879 haveahiddles @hellllloooootheree hiddlesslore hump-the-moist-cavewall just-call-me-your-darling @kgm42986 littlejenner little-light-grenades littlewomanly1 lokilockedcougar lokiofmiddleearth lokis-ice-queen @lokisbeastie madmediamaven maldivaldandhiddled madelynnmorrigan @maxiebatch @marinebassas @mischief-maker @mrscaitlinhiddleston mooshiethecat musicalfanforever mypreciousmind1 @nerdynauticalgirl @nerdygirl1168 @nmimind ophelia-tagloff puddin726 rainbow-cobra real-jersey-girl redandbluebowties ririsutty roxanestark sarabeth72 servent-alearika @shanigirl so-easy-to-love-me storylover92 sweethiddleslaugh tarrysmith tinaferraldo @twentyminutestil virtualgirlfriendsan zorped

Maurizio Cattelan and Pierpaolo Ferrari

Untitled (from Toilet Paper magazine, 2010)


"Like an illusionistic trick performed by a magician, the eerie image highlights the deceptive power of photography, sketching an ambiguous visual tableau reminiscent of Surrealism. Like a Man Ray photograph, the image conjures a dreamlike atmosphere of a film noir, while at the same time it speaks of the city as a projection of dreams of opulence."
- photo by Austin Kennedy

Open.Marginalis: Tumblr as Platform for Digital Scholarship in Libraries, Archives, and Special Collections

Abstract: This project overview of Open.Marginalis is an avenue to explore Tumblr as a platform for digital scholarship in libraries, archives, and special collections. As a platform, Tumblr supports clear opportunities for scholarship through flexible display, discovery, and description. Reviewing project goals, operations, and practices, this project overview aims to serve as an accessible point of entry for digital scholarship using this platform.

Introduction: Establishing accessible and intuitive platforms to highlight digital collections is an uphill battle for libraries, archives, and special collections. Popularized blogging platform, Tumblr has shown great opportunity as an introductory platform to provide outreach and viewership to digitized collections. To explore this potential, I was interested evaluating the constraints of the platform through the creation of a product focused around the representation of digitized medieval marginalia selected from open access collections, titled Open.Marginalis. Establishing goals for design, functionality, description, and discovery, the evolving final product indicated a flexibility and potential of this platform as an introductory content management choice to highlight digital collections within libraries, archives, and special collections.

Goals for Work: Goals for this project focused around the accessible viewership and display of open access materials, using Tumblr as a platform for digital curation and content management. Open.Marginalis, the title of this project, reflects it’s content - an aggregation of open access digitized marginalia found in medieval manuscripts dating from the 5th to 15th century [The Columbia Encyclopedia, 2013.] Harkening back to the primary goal of accessibility, this project aimed to adhere to a basic consistent description standard based on information provided by the institution of origin reflected in the following formula: Title>Creator>Place of Creation>Date>via Institution>Use Terms. Within description, hyperlinking is used as a method of both citing resources used and guiding viewers to new content provided by parent institutions. Following description, user tags are added as a basic discovery tool through the use of basic subject analysis. Working through the visually charged platform of Tumblr, the design of this project placed high priority on the viewership of materials in high resolution - possible through the use of flexible themes created and made available by designers worldwide. These foundational goals and operations created the opportunity to present a specific set of materials through an approach molded by consistency and access.

Base Operations: Selecting accessible platforms for digital scholarship is key to the beginning and end of a successful project. Choosing Tumblr as a platform to host the project, I was interested in exploring potential for scholarship presented by this flexible popularized blogging platform. In this vein, the outcomes of the project indicated clear potential as a platform for future scholarship and digital curation through the use of flexible description, discovery tools, and options for interface design and content presentation.

Establishing Scope: The first step of this project was establishing the scope of Open.Marginalis. Centered around illustrative content appearing in medieval manuscripts dating between the 5th to 15th century [The Columbia Encyclopedia, 2013.], this project deviated from the textual scholarship of these works to take a visually-geared approach to their study, access, and viewership. Interested in curating a selection of materials focused around a specific medium of creation, illustrations situated within the pages of medieval manuscripts brought to life through digitization technologies were the core of this project. While the scope of this project was geared around materials with shared qualities, shared qualities in the resources producing these materials was also central to establishing scope. For this project, I chose to solely use works generated by institutions with clearly defined open access initiatives listed under the Open Knowledge Foundation’s OpenGLAM initiative. Folding these factors together into a short blurb, I created an About page for the project [shown here] to provide users with basic information framing the project and it’s origins.

Digital Curation: Attention to digital curation is central to the integrity of digital projects. Whether the project itself is centered around goals for digital curation or just encouraging consciousness for principles of digital curation, it plays an important role of material represented and stored in digital interfaces. While the stewardship of digitized materials was not central to primary goals of this project, it’s influence in operations is undeniable. Attention to these elements were most influential in the first steps of content creation on Open Marginalis.

Medieval manuscripts are undoubtedly detailed works combining historical data and artistic expression. In this vein, providing high resolution images of these works is a central step to their access in digital interfaces. Given the technical comprehensivity of the institutions providing online access to these works through high resolution downloadable files, determining standards for downloading and displaying this content was a central step. This project made downloading and uploading selected content a high priority to maintain the integrity of the work. Accounting for this factor, the project uses a design with the functionality to display high resolution images for best viewership.

Description: Providing succinct, accessible, and consistent description for open access medieval marginalia was a primary goal for this project. To ensure consistency, the following description formula was created to provide a succinct yet strong foundation of information for viewers of this visually driven project: Title>Creator>Place of Creation>Date>via Institution>Use Terms Stated by Institution. Information contained in this description is based on the information provided by the object’s source institution; segments with no associated content remaining omitted. For instance, if the location of origin for a specified object is listed as unknown by the institution, the description standard would display as Title>Creator»Date>via Institution>Use Terms Stated by Institution.

Powering this project with Tumblr, the core value of the platform for use in the digital humanities is descriptive flexibility - the ability to create or adapt a descriptive standards to meet the unique needs of a specific object or larger project. We also see the opportunity to tie in supplementary information, the example shown right, titled “De Musica” by Boethius. Based on the complexity of the information-charged illustration, I opted to include a descriptive segment written by the National Library of New Zealand to accompany the piece to bolster viewer understanding. While consistency for this project remained a key goal, the descriptive flexibility offered by Tumblr and the tools therein proved valuable in the description of digitized medieval marginalia.

Citation: Attribution is a major concern for institutions providing digital access to collections. Key concerns include material being viewed without informational context and attribution being stripped from content. It is commonly known that the integrity of information within scholarship is directly linked to an existing base of knowledge through reference and citation, and standards for the integrity of works shouldn’t be taken less seriously once applied to the digital realm. Secondly, working in online interfaces creates new opportunities to lead users to source content through practices such as hyperlinking. Approaching the issue of attribution when establishing description standards for Open.Marginalis, linking back to original source content was key. For example, within the description segment [via The British Library, Public Domain] the name of the institution is hyperlinked to the source of digital object. This practice has three functions - first, attribution to the institution which produced the work - second, guiding the user to related content - and third, guiding the user to valuable information and metadata produced by the institution attached to the object.

Use Terms: The accessible representation of use terms associated with featured content was a key goal of Open Marginalis. The importance of use terms is clear - defining how users can utilize content, and circular usage rights crowded by legal jargon impede access for users of all levels. A main goal of this project was highlight material produced by institutions dedicated to open access initiatives by clearly stating use terms as represented in content description. For this reason, I chose to focus this project around content produced by open collections highlighted by OpenGLAM [Galleries, Libraries, Archives, Museums], a initiative produced by the Open Knowledge Foundation [OpenGLAM, 2015]. Structured around content in the public domain and under Creative Commons (CC-BY/CC-BY-SA) licenses, I was interested in curating a selection of content located within these open collections within the prescribed scope of this project and clearly representing use terms to promote access to wider audiences.

Discovery: This product aimed to take full advantage of the flexible user-driven discovery tools provided by Tumblr. Centered around tags selected by users commonly known as “folksonomy”, this crowdsourced approach to content discovery is guiding how we find what we’re looking for online. Even at the core of subject access in the world of libraries, services like LibraryThing have begun taking folksonomy into users spaces for use as what it means to exist as a discovery tool is beginning to change into something by users and for users. On Tumblr, users upload content and use basic subject analysis to select terms which capture the foundational aboutness of an object. To provide an example of how this process exists in the context of Open Marginalis, shown here is an illustration associated with Introductorius ad Judicia, titled Drawing of Leo, the sign of the Zodiac for July.

In the example above, following the creation of a description based on information provided by the object’s parent institution, tags are applied to the object. In this example, we can see larger terms such as “Art” and “History”, as well as more granular tags such as “medieval art” and “zodiac”. While comprehensivity of subject access is tightly linked to future accessibility of the object in question, major decisions regarding level of subject access can be a primary tenet of a project, or a developing fluid approach to the accessibility of project materials. This project aimed to provide foundational subject access to materials based on widely utilized tags such as “History”, or specific tags like “medieval art” used by institutions like The Getty on Tumblr. Working within a platform which permits flexible addition and creation of discovery terms through the use of folksonomy and user tags is an opportunity to add a secondary layer of access to materials existing in small scale digital projects hosted by Tumblr.

Further Development: Ongoing evolution and assessment are an integral part of digital project. Being able to grow and thrive with changing technologies and tools is a key opportunity working in digital platforms. Being able to fluidly transform elements of this project was a goal for Open.Marginalis, making this section key in understanding the state of the project now and moving forward. Continuing forth with original project goals, Open.Marginalis has begun experimenting with new potential display options while maintaining the same standards for description and discovery. Open.Marginalis is currently experimenting with a Tumblr theme which displays content in grid format with a large header graphic and top navigation, shown here. Upon selecting material for view, content is viewable at full resolution. Moving forward, this project will continue to adapt new design and functionality to best display materials.

Best Practices: Bringing these elements together, it is evident that digital projects focusing on the display of collection materials warrant attention to multiple moving pieces in constant growth and flux. As digital projects allow for continual revision and attention to changing facets and growing opportunities, familiarizing one’s self with options will help in the development of a streamlined and consistent approach. While best practices depend largely upon the unique needs and goals of a specific project, reflecting on operations surrounding the development of Open.Marginalis, the following practices proved integral to project progress:

  1. Comprehensivity of description and user tags should be based on project goals, audience, and unique needs of the object displayed.
  2. User tags should reflect desired level of subject access. Higher comprehensivity is akin to a higher level of potential discovery.
  3. Display should allow for viewership at highest possible level of quality.
  4. Description should include citation, containing name of institution hyperlinked to guide user to related information.
  5. Scope should maintain a clear focus but adequate flexibility for future growth.
  6. Terms of use should be clearly and explicitly stated for best usership and access.

There is a consistent and growing need for tools promoting the accessible viewership of digitized collections to wider audiences. Reflecting on project operations surrounding Open.Marginalis, it is evident that Tumblr presents clear opportunity as a platform for scholarship and defined potential for libraries, archives, and special collections - supporting flexible description, display, design, and discovery.

Works Cited:

  1. "Middle Ages". In The Columbia Encyclopedia. New York: Columbia University Press, 2013. Accessed January 23, 2015.)
  2. National Library of New Zealand. “Boethius, De Musica, F.43v, (211 X 144 Mm), 12th Century, Alexander Turnbull Library, MSR-05.” Flickr. Yahoo!, Accessed 27 Jan. 2015. <>.
  3. "OpenGLAM." Accessed 27 Jan. 2015. <>.

Each day in February, I will tweet images and links to a range of less-seen African art works in the Brooklyn Museum collection, along with links to our online collection database. Look for tweets with #AfricanArtCanBe (or follow me, @BKLN_AfrPac).

The title for this project, “African Art Can Be,” is inspired by an exhibition conceived by Jerry Vogel, a senior African art specialist and dear friend and mentor, as well as an ongoing volunteer at the Brooklyn Museum (and leader of our trip to Côte d’Ivoire this past summer). One of his shows, Reflections: African Art Is… (2004, Museum for African Art) sought to explore the diversity of what is now collected, studied, and celebrated as African art. Jerry passed away suddenly this past fall. Inspired by his work, and by our afternoons together handling and examining objects in the Brooklyn Museum storerooms, #AfricanArtCanBe will explore a variety of ways of looking at Brooklyn’s African collection. 

After all, our new, temporary installation of the #BKMAfricanArt collection, Double Take: African Innovations is all about looking at the breadth of African art in new, and sometimes surprising, ways, from its “storage annex,” to a rotating case that will be informed by audience participation. This campaign is another experiment in this direction—limited by Twitter’s incredibly short word count (which makes our gallery label lengths look like articles in comparison!), but hopefully informed by your engagement. Follow along, offer your thoughts, and join me in exploring our collection together.

Posted by Kevin D. Dumouchelle

Nabokov frequently voiced annoyance with scientists and science-writers not attributing discovery — not acknowledging the person who discovered and named a butterfly species. Therein lies a broader, and rather timely, lament about our culture’s failure to honor discovery as a creative act and a subset of scholarship — such a scientist, after all, doesn’t invent a species, for it already exists in nature, but discovers it, names it, and contextualizes it in the canon of natural history. It is no coincidence that Nabokov’s own role at the Harvard Museum of Comparative Zoology was that of curator, for this is the task of the curator — to describe, arrange, and contextualize what already exists in such a way as to shed new light on its meaning, to discover and un-cover its significance and place in the canon of ideas.

Embedded in this act is also a lineage of discovery, similar to the "links in a chain" metaphor Pete Seeger used for creativity: I learned of Nabokov’s pet peeve about discovery thanks to Stephen Jay Gould — perhaps the greatest curator of scientific ideas the world has ever known, the greatest contextualizer of such ideas in the popular imagination — and you learned of it via me, and the person you tell about this will learn of it via you. All of us are links in the evolutionary chain of ideas, much like each butterfly species discovered is a link in the evolutionary chain of natural history. This is why Richard Dawkins, in coining the word meme, used a metaphor from evolutionary biology to describe how ideas spread: “Just as genes propagate themselves in the gene pool by leaping from body to body via sperms or eggs, so memes propagate themselves in the meme pool by leaping from brain to brain.”

EXCERPTS >|< The Singles Collection

Photographic Studies in Hypnosis: Abnormal Psychology (1937)

We invite you to watch the entire gif set HERE

EXCERPTS by OKKULT Motion Pictures: a collection of GIFs excerpted from out-of-copyright/historical/rare/controversial moving images. 
A digital curation project for the diffusion of open knowledge.


A multi-hyphenate in the comedy world, Doug Lussenhop, a.k.a. DJ Douggpound, is a performer, musician, and film editor, the brain behind the glitchy cuts of Tim and Eric Awesome Show, Good Job!, and the Fensler G.I. Joe culture jams.

As his self-proclaimed “joke DJ” alter ego, Lussenhop applies his editing techniques to deejay culture, gleefully ricocheting through samples and snippets that parody the realms of house music and on-air talk radio.

He gets in the mix for MOCAtv, curating clips of Estonian moped dancers, Sotho junk funk, and a rowdy public access party. The performers are Douggpound’s brothers from another mother: seriously absurd.

YouTube Curated By - DJ Douggpound - MOCAtv

Brian Smith, assistant curator in the Department of Ornithology since last January, credits his career path to a curiosity about nature ignited by childhood wanderings in the woods of northern New Jersey—and his mother’s passion for birds.

“I was really young, going through the woods and exploring, trying to find animals, flipping up logs, looking for salamanders, and became really interested in wildlife,” says Dr. Smith. “I wasn’t into birds at first but my mother was and she introduced me to them. I slowly became more and more interested in them too.”

Today, Smith scours the bird habitats of Central and South America and Mexico to discover how the extraordinary bird diversity on Earth came to be and how it has evolved across time and space.

Read more about his research on the Museum blog